GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 World After 1945

   

Gujarat Board GSEB Textbook Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 World After 1945 Textbook Questions and Answers, Additional Important Questions, Notes Pdf.

World After 1945 Class 9 GSEB Solutions Social Science Chapter 6

Gujarat Board Class 9 Social Science World After 1945 Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Answer the following questions:

World After 1945 Std 9 Question 1.
Write about the United Nations and its aims:
Answer:
The UN:

  1. After the Second World War, large scale unemployment, epidemics, crores of death and ruined economy shook the world.
  2. The countries of the world finally realized a serious need to establish a world organization which would maintain peace and harmony in the world.
  3. Owing to this need, United Nations Organisation (UNO) was established on 24th October, 1945. It was later renamed as United Nations.
  4. The United Nations charter starts with the Preamble (i.e. Introduction) of the Constitution.

Go through these Social Science Chapter 6 World After 1945 GSEB Class 9 Notes to score well in your exam.

The Aims of the UN:

  1. The UN makes a determination to save the future generation from destructive wars by preventing wars.
  2. It emphasis that the countries of the world should obey international laws and move ahead with mutual understanding.
  3. It also emphasis that the countries should develop tolerance towards other countries so that the whole world develops socially.
  4. Economic, social and cultural problems should be solved with the help of United Nations. Human rights and basic freedom should be provided to all irrespective of their caste, language gender or religion.
  5. The UN appeals to all the nations to co-operate with these objectives.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 World After 1945

World After 1945 Std 9 Question Answer Question 2.
Explain the meaning of the policy of Non-Alignment:
Answer:
The world was divided into two superpowers. Some new nations adopted the policy of not to align with any of the two power blocs and military blocs. They decided that they would maintain equal distance with both blocs. These nations were identified as ‘Non-Aligned Nations’ and their foreign policy was called ‘Non- Aligned Policy’.

Social Science Class 9 Chapter 6 World After 1945 Question 3.
Write in brief about the consequences of ‘Cold War’.
Answer:
Consequences of Cold War:

  1. There was a basic change in relations among powerful nations of the world after the World War II.
  2. Britain and France became victorious in the ware yet they lost the status of great powers due to terrible ruination caused by the ravages of war.
  3. Germany, Italy and Japan axis states were economically, politically and militarily ruined due to defeat in war.
  4. America and Russia emerged as leaders of two rival power blocs and military powers. Thus, the Cold War started between them.
  5. Soviet Union captured the eastern areas of Germany and other eastern countries like Australia, Albania, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria and the Baltic States.
  6. Meanwhile democratic system was gradually established in the Western European countries that were liberated by British and American forces.

Social Science Class 9 Chapter 6 Question 4.
Explain in brief the disintegration and unification of Germany.
Answer:
Disintegration of Germany:

  1. The defeated Germany was divided into four administrative segments by victorious countries after the war was over. Administration was carried out by America, Britain, France and Russia.
  2. The capital of Germany Berlin was also divided in four parts. ‘
  3. As Germany’s three Western segments were united, three administrative segments of Berlin also united. In reaction of this, Soviet Union in April, 1948 declared ‘Berlin Blockade’.
  4. Later on a high and 42 km long wall separating western and eastern Berlin was constructed. It is considered as the symbol of Cold War.
  5. The atmosphere of distrust arose among power groups and tried to keep the government of East Germany under its control.

Unification of Germany:

  1. Till 1990 many important and far-fetching changes took place in international politics owing to many reasons the Cold War among superpowers also ended.
  2. These years witnessed cracks in otherwise impregnable Soviet Union. As a result Soviet Union was disintegrated.
  3. As a consequence of it in October 3rd 1990 both the Germany united. People broke down the German Wall which was a symbol of German division.
  4. People considered demolition of Berlin wall as the end of the Cold War era and celebrated the occasion wholeheartedly.

Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 Question 5.
Discuss in brief relation between India and Russia.
Answer:

  1. The Soviet Union (Russia) has helped India considerably in establishing heavy and key industries. It also helps India economically as well as technically.
  2. The Soviet Union has taken India’s side in the issue of Jammu and Kashmir.
  3. Soviet Union has often exercised ‘Veto Power’ in the United Nation’s Security Council to see that proposal again India pertaining to Jammu and Kashmir issue should not pass.
  4. Thus, Russia and India have a very close friendly relations.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 World After 1945

Chapter 6 Social Science Class 9 Question 6.
Write short notes on : ‘Military blocs’, NATO’, ‘SEATO’, ‘WARSAW PACT’.
Answer:

  • Military Blocs: After Second World War Europe and other countries of the world joined with power groups and the power was centralised between two poles. So, atmosphere of distrust created between both power groups, so military groups were formed.
  • NATO: Led and inspired by America, Western democratic countries on the North Atlantic Ocean established a military organization NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) in April 1949.
  • SEATO: To protect south-eastern countries from the onslaught on the Soviet Union communism. America and England established one more military organization in 1945 SEATO (South Eastern Asiatic Treaty Organisation).
  • WARSAW PACT: Against all these treaties Russia created a military organization named “WARSAW Pact”. The members of the organization are Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Rumania and Russia.

II. Answer the following questions in brief.

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 SST Question 1.
After World War II, how did the conflict between power blocs cause the situation of conflict?
Answer:
Fierce competition for dominance over the world between two superpowers America and Russia, formation of military groups, armament race for sake of dominance and Cold War led the relations between these two superpowers became stressful after the World War II.

Ncert Solutions For Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 6 Question 2.
What were Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s thoughts on the policy of Non-Alignment?
Answer:
Nehru believed that movement continues to see a role for itself, as in this view the world’s poorest nations remain exploited and marginalised, no longer by opposing superpowers but rather in a unipolar world.

History Class 9 Chapter 6 Question Answer Question 3.
What is Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty? Why has India not signed it?
Answer:
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and anti Missile Treaties were framed to prevent the spread of Nuclear Weapons and missiles in other countries of the world.

United States has persisted that India should sign the Nuclear Proliferation Treaty and Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. But as these both treaties were harmful to the national interest so India did not sign it.

III. Write Short Notes on

Class 9 History Chapter 6 Question 1.
Armanent and Disarmament
Answer:
Armanent:

  1. The Cold War which was meant for dominance over the world, gave rise to fierce competition among two superpowers and for the sake of dominance armament race was given high priority.
  2. America had used atom bomb for the first time on two cities of Japan namely Hiroshima and Nagasaki and proved its supremacy. Soviet Union too proved its capacity of making atom bomb by conducting a nuclear test.
  3. Apart from nuclear weapons and missiles the superpowers has developed chemical and biological weapons. These weapons of mass destruction can kill million of people without damaging any materialistic wealth people could dies miserably while subscribing various diseases.

Disarmanent:

  1. After the Cuban Crisis communication between two super powers began due to clarification of misunderstanding the end of Cold War became easy.
  2. America the Soviet Union and the Britain agreed on maintaining control over nuclear productions experiment and proliferation. This agreement is known as Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
  3. France of course refused to sign this treaty. China conducted a nuclear test in 1964 and refused to sign the treaty. This treaty imposed ban on conducting a nuclear test on another country.
  4. India has always welcomed this treaty but it is always a supporter of disamament. The world will be always in danger until the disarmament of lethal weapons is not done.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 World After 1945

Chapter 6 Class 9 Question 2.
Cuban Crisis:
Answer:

  1. America declared blockade of the communist Cuba which was on southeast against it Soviet Union sent ships loaded with nuclear missiles in the Caribbean ‘ Sea.
  2. Both the superpowers threatened each other to use nuclear weapons. Thus, world was almost on the verge of nuclear war.
  3. Finally leaders of America and the Soviet Union had a talk on the ‘Hotline’ for the first time. Both parties realised about the destruction by nuclear weapons. They pulled back their nuclear weapons with an aim to maintain peace and development of their countries.
  4. The Soviet Union decided to withdraw its ships and America decided to curb nuclear weapons towards Cuba. The entire episode is known as Cuban Crisis.
  5. It began communication between two superpowers. The misunderstanding between them was cleared. They did work of human welfare by not using nuclear weapons. So Cuban Crisis is also considered as the beginning of the end of the Cold War.

Class 9 Social Science Question 3.
Disintegration of Soviet Union :
Answer:

  1. Mikhail Gorbachev became the Prime Minister from a socialistic side on 11 th March, 1989. He had a liberal attitude.
  2. During the last decade of twentieth century, Soviet Union’s Prime Minister Mikhail Gorbachev’s liberal policy led to the disintegration of Soviet Union.
  3. He adopted two policies “Glasnost and Perestroika’. In this way Gorbachev introduced economic and political reforms in the place of single handed communist rule. Soviet socialistic republic union also desired for independence. Thus, process of disintegration of the Soviet Union began.
  4. Russia had progressed tremendously in the field of science and technology. They also had acquired capability to compete with superpowers USA.
  5. Rapid progress, political freedom, high life standard of values and desire for democracy created awareness in people. Thus, conflict between democratic group and communist group was removed.
  6. As time passed the strong hold of communist party, the Soviet bureaucracy and the Red Army started weakening. Towards the end out of 15 states 14 states, became independent and disintegration of Soviet Union came to an end in December 1991.
  7. Thus, after this event western countries approached Russia for development in many matters.

Class 9 History Chapter 6 Questions And Answers Question 4.
Berlin Blockade:
Answer:

  1. Germany was the main cause behind both the World Wars. It faced a humiliating defeat in World War II.
  2. All its administration and economy collapsed completely. There was not a single large party left in the whole of Germany that could rule the nation. Therefore, the defeated Germany was divided into four administrative segments after the war.
  3. Two independent German states came into existence namely West Germany (democratic and East Germany (Communist). Due to this capital Berlin was also divided.
  4. As Germany’s three western segments were united three administrative segments of Berlin also united.
  5. In a reaction to this Soviet Union in April 1948 declared ‘Berlin Blockade’. This resulted into tremendous tension between the Soviet Union and the western countries.
  6. Later on a high and 42 .km long wall separating western and eastern Berlin was constructed. It is considered as the symbol of the Cold War.

IV. State reason for the following statements:

Question 1.
Establishment of the United Nations is the starting point of New World.
Answer:

  1. After the Second World War, large scale unemployment, epidemics, crores of death and mines economy shook the world.
  2. The countries of the world finally realised
  3. a serious need to establish a world organisation which would maintain peace and harmony in the world.
  4. The United Nations was established considering these objectives.
  5. Since its establishment the UN has played a very important role in maintaining peace and security in the world, preventing wars and promoting world development.
  6. Hence, establishment of the United Nations is considered as the starting point of the New World.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 World After 1945

Class 9th Chapter 6 Question 2.
Cuban Crisis is considered to be the beginning of the end of Cold War.
Answer:
It was during the Cuban Crisis that the two superpowers namely America and Russia first time thought of pulling back their nuclear weapons in the good faith of the whole world. Both the nations wanted to maintain peace and development of their countries.

  1. Moreover, after the Cuban Crisis, America, the Soviet Union and the Britain agreed to control the nuclear production, experiment and proliferation.
  2. These countries signed a treaty in this regard. This treaty imposed ban on conducting a nuclear test in open atmosphere. In the long run this treaty helped to end the Cold War.
  3. All this began with the Cuban Crisis. Hence, Cuban Crisis is considered as the beginning towards the end of the Cold War.

Chapter 6 Science Class 9 Question 3.
Choose the correct option for each statements and write down the answer.

Class 9 Chapter 6 Question 1.
How does the charter of United nations begin?
A. Declaration Letter
B. Foreword
C. Human Rights
D. Constitution
Answer:
B. Foreword

Question 2.
Which of these event is considered as the beginning of Cold War?
A. Berlin Blockade
B. Disintegration of Germany
C. German Miracle
D. Unification of Germany
Answer:
A. Berlin Blockade

Question 3.
Which ideology was followed by the countries coming under the leadership of Soviet Union?
A. Democratic
B. Imperialism
C. Socialistic
D. Liberalism
Answer:
C. Socialistic

Question 4.
Who was the promoter of Non-Aligned Movement from India?
A. Lalbahadur Shastri
B. Dr. Radhakrishnan
C. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
D. Smt. Indira Gandhi
Answer:
C. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 World After 1945

Question 5.
Which policy played an important role in the International Polities?
A. Non-Aligned Policies
B. Cold War policies
C. Disarmament Policies
D. Establishment Policies
Answer:
A. Non-Aligned Policies

Gujarat Board Class 9 Social Science World After 1945 Additional Important Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Explain the meaning of the Cold War. How did the Cold War come to an end?
Answer:

  1. The extremely tensed situation that arose between the two power blocs namely America and Soviet Union.
  2. Till 1990 many important and far-fetching changes took place in international politics. Due to many reasons the intensity of the Cold War getting decreased between America and Soviet Union.
  3. The competition of weapons declared between superpower blocs. The feeling of distrust and doubt decreased. Thus, Cold War came to the in 1990 A.D.

Question 2.
Which organisation established at the end of Second World War? Why?
Answer:

  1. After the First World War, the countries of the world established an organisation called ‘The League of Nations’ with an aim to maintain world peace and prevent wars.
  2. However, the League could not stop the power hungry nations and it failed when the Second World War broke out in 1939.
  3. After the Second World War, large scale unemployment, epidemics, crores of death and ruined economy shook the world.
  4. The countries of the world finally realised a serious need to establish a world organisation which would maintain peace and harmony in the world.
  5. Owing to this need, United Nations Organisation (UNO) was established on 24th October 1945. It was later renamed as United Nations.

Question 3.
What is balance of power? Why did superpower enter into it?
Answer:

  1. Balance of power refers to the policy of nation or group of nations to protect itself against rival nations by matching (i.e., balancing) its power against its rival nations.
  2. The nation does this by expanding its power through armament.
  3. The Cold War situation which emerged with an objective of gathering more and more power gave rise to fierce competition among superpowers.
  4. Under this competition and fear the super powers aimed at continuously developing newer weapons and enlarging the military forces. In other words, armament became their topmost priority.
  5. For example, America was the first country to use atom bomb. To prove its supremacy in the world it dropped these bombs on two major cities of Japan, namely Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.
  6. Within next four years, the Soviet Union too proved its capacity of making atom bomb by conducting a nuclear test.
  7. This created a ‘Balance of Power’ between the superpowers.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 World After 1945

Question 4.
Which countries of Asia got Independence in and around 1947?
Answer:

  1. India achieved independence in 1947 after long struggle of freedom movement.
  2. Due to Britain’s policy of divide and rule and other certain reasons, India got divided into two nations, namely India and Pakistan.
  3. Similarly, countries like Sri Lanka and Burma (Myanmar) got independence in 1948 after struggling for many years with the British.
  4. The United Nations played an important role to liberate Indonesia in 1949.
  5. Asian countries like Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam also got independence.

Question 5.
Write a note on Non-Aligned Movement.
Answer:
The policy of not joining i.e, aligning with any of the two major power blocs namely America and the Soviet Union after the Second World War was known as the policy of non-alignment.

  1. The Non-Alignment Policy-gave rise to the Non-Aligned Movement in the world.
  2. The Non-aligned or say neutral nations aimed at overall development while maintaining their individual existence.
  3. The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group or an organisation of states. It is also called the Non-Alignment Council.
  4. This Council consists of 23 Asian countries as well as 6 Asian countries. The Non- Aligned Movement (NAM) organisation was found in 1961 in Belgrade, Yogoslavia.
  5. This movement got a positive support from India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Indonesia’s first President Sukarno, Egypt’s second President Garmal Abdel Nasser Hussein, Ghana’s first President Kwame Nkrumah and Yugoslavia’s President Josip Broz Tito.
  6. The policies of NAM were framed under the leadership of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
  7. Nehru believed that this movement continues to see a role for itself.
  8. As per him the movement can view that the world’s poorest nations remain exploited and marginalised no more by opposing superpowers, but instead in a uni-polar world.
  9. He also believed that NAM has realigned itself due to the dominance of the western countries and their colonialism.
  10. The NAM opposes foreign occupation, interference in internal affairs and aggressive unilateral measures.
  11. The Non-Aligned Movement has identified economic underdevelopment, poverty, and social injustices as growing threats to peace and security.
  12. Today more and more countries have joined the Non-Alignment Movement.
  13. The 13 th Union Summit of NAM was held at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysis on 13th May, 2003.
  14. Last four decades have witnessed many important events at world level.
  15. A few of them are disintegration of Soviet Union and hence decrease in the power of Russia, America emerged as a superpower, decrease of imperial policy, etc.
  16. The NAM has played a very important role in these situations.

Question 6.
Disintegration of Soviet Union is an epoch making event in the history.
Answer:

  1. The Soviet Union started disintegrating in the year 1990.
  2. The total process of disintegration of such a huge country took place without shedding a single drop of blood.
  3. Moreover, the famous ‘Red Army’ did not play any role in this disintegration.
  4. Soviet Union no more remained a superpower.
  5. The bipolar world politics came to an end.
  6. The Cold War also ended due to the disintegration of Soviet.
  7. Hence, due to all the major changes and events that occurred in the world, the disintegration of Soviet Union is an epoch making event in the history.

Question 7.
Describe the India’s contribution in international politics.
Answer:

  1. India has significantly contributed in international politics both during its freedom struggle and even after it.
  2. India has always opposed imperialism, colonialism and evils like racial discrimination at world level. Moreover, it had supported movements that oppose these evils.
  3. India has played an active role in the formation of the United Nations as well as all its activities.
  4. For example, India played an important role by sending its military to support the United Nation efforts in maintaining international peace and security.
  5. India showed its keen support to the UN by sending military troops to countries like Gaza, Cyprus, Congo and Sri Lanka during their conflicts.
  6. India has also helped UN and its organs to maintain world peace.
  7. India has always emphasised on the need of disarmament as a means to world peace and security.
  8. At many instances India has taken a leading role in debates and giving useful suggestions around the world for world peace and security.
  9. India proposed that the world should follow total nuclear weapon disarmament in the United Nation’s General Assembly.
  10. It further said that the countries rather than spending its money on nuclear weapons and excessive military should use the same to uplift the poor people of other countries.
  11. World peace has always remained on the top of India’s foreign policy.
  12. India has always remained active and played an important role to achieve an atmosphere of co-operation, trust and understanding among nations.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 World After 1945

Question 8.
Relation between India and United States (US).
Answer:

  1. Both India and the United States are democratic countries.
  2. Inspite of having many similarities, there have been also a lot of ups and downs in the relationship.
  3. The United States wanted India to join its power bloc but India did not. Rather, India adopted non-alignment policy and became a part of the Non-Alignment Movement. The US disliked it.
  4. During India’s dispute with Pakistan on Jammu and Kashmir issue, US favoured Pakistan instead of India. India did not like this because Pakistan had joined power bloc of the US.
  5. Treaties regarding nuclear weapons have been one of the most important reasons for disagreement between India and the US. United States has continuously pressurised India to sign the ‘Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty’ and ‘Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty’, but India always refused it.
  6. The US highly disliked India’s nuclear test conducted at Pokhran in Rajasthan in 1998. It took strict actions to impose restrictions on financial and technical assistance that it used to give to the US.
  7. The relation between India and the US strengthened after terrorist attack on New York’s World Trade Centre on September 11,2001.
  8. The United States started accepting the fact that India is rapidly making economic progress.
  9. Both the countries now wish to have a strong and a positive relation with each other.
  10. In September 2014-15 India’s Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi visited America and even addressed the United Nations.
  11. American President Barrack Obama is the first American President to be the Chief Guest in the 66th Celebration of India’s Republic Day Celebration.
  12. Thus, now the relations between the two countries are quite cordial and strengthened.

Question 9.
Relation between India and Pakistan.
Answer:

  1. Immediately after India’s independence the relation between India and Pakistan became very stressful.
  2. India and Pakistan fought three horrifying wars in the years 1948, 1965, 1971. India won all these three wars.
  3. Both the countries have signed Taskhent and Shimla Treaty for maintaining peace. However, Pakistan does not follow this treaty properly.
  4. India and Pakistan again entered into a war called Kargil War in 1999.
  5. Heads of the both the countries have expressed their concern to resolve all issues peacefully through negotiations. However, overall the relations are still stressful.

Question 10.
Explain briefly relation between India and China.
Answer:
Sino-Indian relations:

  1. The modem time relationship between India and China started in the year 1954. The relationship has remained sour mainly due to border disputes.
  2. China rejected the McMohan line of demarcation between these two countries. In her maps, China showed some part of north-eastern region of India as its own territory. India opposed this greatly.
  3. China attacked India on 1962 and captured the regions of India which were displayed in China’s map.
  4. India sent its military troops to save its border regions from getting away in the hands of China. Finally, China ended the war.
  5. Many meetings took place to resolve these problem but, in vain.
  6. However, in the last decade China and India have tried to establish co-operative and friendly relations.
  7. India’s Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi invited Mr. Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, to strengthen the relations.
  8. Later, Mr. Jinping also visited India. He also visited at Sabarmati River Front in Ahmedabad.

Question 11.
Explain briefly relation between India and Bangladesh.
Answer:

  1. Bangladesh became an independent and sovereign country in 1971. Before that it was a part of Pakistan.
  2. When Bangladesh became independent India gave it financial and technical help. It also provided several equipments for growth and development of Bangladesh.
  3. Inspite of all this help, certain issues have risen between India and Bangladesh.
  4. One of the issues was utilizing the water of River Ganga and its proper channelizing. The two countries have discussed this issue and tried to solve it.
  5. India immensely helped Bangladesh during flood, cyclone and other natural calamities.
  6. In 2015, concrete talks took place on matters of dispute geographical land regions and citizenship issues of some people of Bangladesh.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 World After 1945

Question 12.
Explain briefly relation between India and Sri Lanka.
Answer:

  1. India shares very old relationship with Sri Lanka.
  2. Many Tamilians of India have migrated to Sri Lanka and settled there.
  3. The citizenship of these Tamilians had been the main issue between India and Sri Lanka for a very long period. However, it had been resolved now.
  4. The problems of Tamilians and peaceful talks between Tamil Organisation and Sri Lankan Government has always been a priority for Indian Government with respect to relationship with Sri Lanka.
  5. The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi visited the Jaffna region of Sri Lanka on 13th March, 2015 to develop cordial relation.
  6. India gave financial assistance for reconstructing 27,000 houses for rehabilitation of tamilians in Sri Lanka.
  7. Today, India and Sri Lanka have very cordial relation.

Question 13.
Explain briefly relation between India and Nepal.
Answer:

  1. The relation between India and Nepal started by signing a treaty in 1950. According to this treaty, both countries treated each other as sovereign and agreed to preserve regional integrity.
  2. Both the countries also opened their borders , for easy travelling between the two nations.
  3. India has helped Nepal both socially and economically.
  4. A large number of Nepali students regularly visit India for higher studies.
  5. The rivers flowing from Himalaya comes from the various regions of Nepal. These rivers cause heavy loss and destruction in India. Both the countries have met several times to discuss and resolve this problem.
  6. On 25th April 2016, Nepal faced a destructive earthquake with 7.8 Richter scale effect. This caused the death of about 8000 people.
  7. India provided relief and rehabilitation work in the areas affected in earthquake.

II. Complete the following statements by giving reasons:

Question 1.
NATO military organisation was formed because ………………
Answer:
NATO military organisation was formed because of feeling of distrust created between, two power groups. So military groups were formed. Led and inspired to
America western democratic countries on north Atlantic Ocean established a military organisation and named it NATO in 1949.

Question 2.
The Soviet Union carried out the Berlin blockade because ………………
Answer:
The Soviet Union carried out the Berlin blockade because America and Western European countries established ‘Federal Republic of Germany’. This was administered jointly by America, Britain and France. As Germany’s three western segments were united three administrative segments of Berlin also united.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 World After 1945

Question 3.
SEATO a military organisation was formed because ……………….
Answer:
SEATO a military organization was formed because to protect south-eastern countries from the on slaught on the Soviet Union. America and England established military organisation namely SEATO.

Question 4.
The Soviet Union sent ships loaded with nuclear missiles in the Caribbean Sea because
Answer:
The Soviet Union sent ships loaded with nuclear missiles in the Caribbean Sea because America declared blockade of communist Cuba, which was on southeast. To defend Cuba the Soviet Union sent ships loaded with nuclear missiles in Caribbean sea.

Question 5.
The period between 1945 to 1962 AD is described as ‘The Era of Cold War’ because ……………..
Answer:
The period between 1945 to 1962 AD is described as ‘The Era of Cold War ’ because America and Russia became superpowers and there was strong competition between these two superpowers to establish supremacy over the world.

Question 6.
India did not sign on the two treaties Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty because ………………
Answer:
India did not sign on the two treaties Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty because, the both treaties were based on discrimination and being harmful to national interest. Thus, India did not sign two treaties.

Question 7.
Difference of opinion arose between India and China because ………………….
Answer:
Difference of opinion arose between India and China because, the McMohan border showing the border region between India and China was rejected by China and it led further discomfort in the relations.

III. Fill in the blanks.

1. The United Nations was established on ………………… day.
2. Russia formed an army organisation named ……………… .
3. The …………….. crisis is regarded as the beginning of the end of the cold war.
4. The Non-Aligned Nations, with their ……………., were successful in contributing towards world politics.
5. Germany was divided into ………………. administrative segments after the Second World War.
6. The main objective of India’s foreign policy is to maintain ……………… in the whole world.
7. England inspired Middle Eastern countries to form ……………….. military organisation.
Answer:
1. 24th October, 1945
2. Soviet Red Army
3. Soviet Union
4. Non-Allied Policy
5. four
6. world peace
7. CENTO

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 World After 1945

IV. State whether the following statements are true or false:

1. The United Nations Charter starts with the Preamble.
2. The NATO was established with the encouragement of the USA to deter the. spread of communism and the Soviet expansion in the Western Europe.
3. The USA brought about the ‘Berlin Blockade’ in April, 1948.
4. Due to Gorbachev’s implementation of new policy on socialist side democratic policy was included.
5. India signed the Treaty of peace, friendship and cooperation with China in 1971.
6. The Tamilians have been living in Sri Lanka for a very long time.
7. After the Second World War, Cold War between Germany and Italy began.
8. Cuban Crisis is considered as the beginning of the end of the Cold War.
Answer:
1. True
2. True
3. False
4. False
5. False
6. True
7. False
8. True

V. Arrange the incidents in proper order:

Question 1.
A. NATO military organization was formed.
B. Russia conducted Nuclear Test.
C. America declared Cuban Blockade.
D. America threw nuclear bombs on cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Answer:
D. America threw nuclear bombs on cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
B. Russia conducted Nuclear Test.
A. NATO military organization was formed.
C. America declared Cuban Blockade.

Question 2.
A. India became independent
B. Soviet Union declared Berlin Blockade
C. Establishment of United Nations
D. China conducted Nuclear test
Answer:
C. Establishment of United Nations
A. India became independent
B. Soviet Union declared Berlin Blockade
D. China conducted Nuclear test

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 6 World After 1945

Question 3.
A. Kargil war was fought between India and Pakistan.
B. India and Bhutan signed a peaceful and cordial friendship treaty.
C. China attacked India.
D. The process of the disintegration of Soviet Union began.
Answer:
B. India and Bhutan signed a peaceful and cordial friendship treaty.
C. China attacked India.
D. The process of the disintegration of Soviet Union began.
A. Kargil war was fought between India and Pakistan.

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