GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Climate

   

Gujarat Board GSEB Textbook Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Climate Textbook Questions and Answers, Additional Important Questions, Notes Pdf.

Climate Class 9 GSEB Solutions Social Science Chapter 16

Gujarat Board Class 9 Social Science Climate Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Answer the following questions in brief.

Ch 16 Climate Class 9 Question 1.
Himalaya is a natural wall which protects India. How?
Answer:

  1. Winds blow from Central Asia towards India through north-east direction.
  2. Himalayas obstruct the extremely cold winds coming from Central Asia and protects northern India from severe cold.
  3. For example, the temperature of Shimla in the month of January remains around 5°C.

Go through these Social Science Chapter 16 Climate GSEB Class 9 Notes to score well in your exam.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Climate

Std 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Question 2.
Explain the Trade Winds.
Answer:

  1. Trade winds originate due to tropical high-pressure belt in northern hemisphere.
  2. In past, these winds were used for oceanic trade-commerce. So, they are called Trade winds.
  3. These winds deflect due to Coriolis force and blow towards equator.
  4. As these winds blow from over landmass, they contain less moisture.
  5. Due to this vast water mass, the winds passing over them absorb moisture and bring rain in India.
  6. A large low-pressure area develops over the equator where the Trade Winds converge. It is called Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ).
  7. The Trade Winds rise upwards in the form of air currents.

Climate Solutions Class 9 Question 3.
Into how many parts has the Indian Meteorological Department divided the seasons of India? Which are they?
Answer:
Indian Meteorological Department of Government of India at Delhi has divided the climate of India into four seasons:

  1. Cold weather season: Winter: December to February.
  2. Hot weather season: Summer: March to May.
  3. Advancing Monsoon: Rainy season: June to September.
  4. Retreating Monsoon Season: October to November.

Climate Class 9th Question Answer Question 4.
Into how many branches are the South-West Monsoon winds divided? Which are they?
Answer:
South-West monsoon winds are responsible for the rain in rainy season and the humid and cloudy weather. That is why this is also known as season of ‘South-West Monsoon winds.
Due to the peninsular shape of the South India, the South-West Monsoon winds are divided into two parts:

  • Arabian Sea Current
  • Bay of Bengal Current

2. Answer the following questions as directed:

Climate Class 9 Question 1.
What changes occur with the increase in altitude from sea-level?
Answer:

  1. As we go higher from the sea-level air pressure and air temperature decrease.
  2. Moist air cools down when it rises and rain occurs. With increasing altitude of the mountains the rainfall increases.
  3. Due to the high altitude, the Himalayan peaks remain covered with show throughout the year.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Climate

Question 2.
What is meant by ‘October Heat’?
Answer:

  • During October-November, a season of dry and cool winds starts instead of hot summer.
  • Clear sky and increasing temperatures are main characteristics or retreating monsoon winds.
  • Soil contains moisture, day temperature increases, night is cool and pleasant.
  • Day time weather is very perplexing due to high temperature and humidity. This situation is known as ‘October Heat’. It is locally known as ‘Bhadarvi Taap’.

Question 3.
Over which regions do the monsoon winds coming over from Bay of Bengal give rain?
Answer:

  1. The west monsoon winds contain maximum moisture, first enters West Bengal and then reaches up to Meghalaya. There the slopes of Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills- receive heavy rainfall.
  2. Winds here deflect and blow from south-east. They cross over West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and reach Haryana. Their moisture content decreases as it advances further.
  3. Both these currents, coming from Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal, merge giving good amount of rain in northern Himalayas region, snowfall occurs there occasionally.

Question 4.
Which phenomena of faraway regions affect Indian climate?
Answer:

  1. Sometimes a peculiar phenomenon takes place over places located at far off places from India which creates temporary changes in the long term climatic pattern.
  2. Phenomena like Jet stream, Western Disturbances, E1 -Nino, ITCZ have affected the Indian weather to a great extent.
  3. Jet stream (Jet winds) blow over the southern slopes of Himalayas during winter and in summer these are stationed over peninsular India. High altitude winds help to bring rain.
  4. Western disturbances often causes disturbances in the pleasant winter weather of North India.
  5. Very high mountains receive snowfall and the plains receive some rain which is useful to Rabi Crop. This may cause unseasonal rain in Gujarat which may damage crops.
  6. The El-Nino phenomena takes place occasionally. Whenever it takes place changes occur in the duration of monsoon and amount of rainfall in India.
  7. ITCZ is becomes stable over Ganga plains in July. Due to the low pressure developed over this region, winds generated over the oceans in southern hemisphere blow towards this area. It causes rain in a few parts of North India.

3. Give to the point answer of the following questions:

Question 1.
Due to which reasons does the phenomena of change in season occur?
Answer:

  1. Revolution of the earth around the sun is one of the main reasons for change in seasons.
  2. The axis of the earth is tilted at 23.5° and makes an angle of 66.5° with the orbit. Seasons are also caused due to the axial tilt.
  3. Regions receiving more sunlight experience summer while regions receiving less sunlight experience winter.
  4. Sun rays fall vertically over Tropic of Capricorn on 22nd December. So, the southern hemisphere experiences summer and the northern hemisphere experiences winter.
  5. Hence nights in India are longer and colder.
  6. The sunrays are perpendicular over Tropic of Cancer on 21st June so the days are longer.
  7. Rotation and revolution of the earth have a direct impact on the food, clothing and residences of man.
  8. The winter, summer and monsoon winds affect the weather and give peculiar characteristics to it.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Climate

Question 2.
State briefly the factors affecting the climate.
Answer:
Factors like temperature, atmospheric pressure, winds, humidity, rain etc on the surface of the earth that control the distribution and amount of elements of climate are called climatic factors.
(i) Latitude:

  1. Sun rays fall vertically over equatorial region hence, it is hot throughout the year.
  2. India is divided into two zones of different climatic conditions viz. torrid zone and temperate zone.
  3. There is a distance of about 111 kilometres between two latitudes. So type of climate on the earth surface changes according to the latitude of the place concerned.
  4. Thus, distribution of elements in climate mostly follow latitudes.

(ii) Distance from Sea:

  1. Water and land have different capacity to conserve and release the solar heat.
  2. As a result, coastal regions experience temperate climate, while the climate becomes continental in the interior places away from the sea coast.
  3. Thus, the climate of Mumbai in India is temperate as it is near the sea coast, while it is continental at Nagpur or Delhi as these places are far from sea.

(iii) Altitude:

  1. In normal conditions as we go higher air temperature decreases at 1° C for the ascent of 165 metres or by 6.5° for ascent of every 1000 metres.
  2. As we go higher from sea-level, air pressure and air temperature decrease.
  3. Due to the high altitude, the Himalayan peaks remain snow-covered throughout the year.
  4. Moist air cools down when it rises and gives rain with increasing altitude of mountains, the rainfall increase.
  5. In mountain regions of Assam and Meghalaya rainfall increases with increasing altitude.

(iv) Atmospheric Pressure and Winds:

  1. India falls in the path of north-east trade winds.
  2. These winds originate due to tropical high-pressure belt in northern hemisphere.
  3. These winds deflect due to Coriolis force and blow towards equator.
  4. These winds blow over landmass, they contain less moisture. But due to vast water mass located to the south of India, the winds contain moisture and bring rain in India.
  5. During winter, high pressure develops to the north of Himalaya. Cold and dry winds from this region blow towards oceanic area where low pressure is created.
  6. These winds tend to blow from Indian Ocean to low pressure in North India. Thus, these winds contain moisture and bring rain in India.

Question 3.
Write notes on the cold weather season (winter) of India:
Answer:

  1. In India the three months’ duration from December to February is considered as winter.
  2. In these period, the sun shines vertically over southern hemisphere between 22nd September to 21st March.
  3. India is situated in northern hemisphere, so it is under the influence of less heat of the sun rays and less temperature is experienced.
  4. Winds blow from north-east direction from Central Asia. These winds are dry and cold so the weather also remains dry and cold. The sky during this season generally remains clear.
  5. North-East India remains comparatively cooler as it is far away from the sea. It has some part of i.e. a desert. During winter this region develops high pressure and this deflects the winds.
  6. For example, in Delhi temperature during winter often goes below 10°C during winter and it remains 16°C in Allahabad and 18°C in Kolkata.
  7. At this time the temperature in Himalayas is much less. The January temperature of Shimla, Darjeeling is around 5°C.
  8. After the snowfall in Himalayas the cold and heavy winds rush towards the North Indian plains.
  9. As a result this plain along with Gujarat and Rajasthan are under the grip of cold waves. Temperature decreases suddenly and frost in some areas destructs the cotton crop.
  10. Temperature does not fall below freezing point during winter except for the high mountainous regions because Central Himalayas obstruct the extremely cold winds coming from Central Asia and protects India from severe cold.
  11. South India is situated in Torrid Zone. It has a peninsular shape. Its inner area is not very far from the sea coast. So, this area does not feel severe cold like the Northern India during winter.
  12. Temperature also does not fall. For example, the temperature at Kochi during January is around 26°C, Madurai is 25°C and Chennai is 24°C. Hence, temperature decreases going from South to North.
  13. In India winter is considered to be very pleasant and healthy season. Days are shorter and nights are longer and cooler.
  14. In winter dry winds coming from over landmass generally do not bring rain but North-East winds coming over Bay of Bengal contain humidity. They give more rainfall over the Coromandel coast.
  15. North-east gets some rainfall due to the Western disturbances and thunderstorms. This rain is very useful for the Rabi crop in Punjab and Haryana.
  16. These winds bring rain in Gujarat occasionally. This unseasonal rain in Gujarat is locally called ‘Maavthu’.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Climate

Question 4.
Describe the effects of climate on human life.
Answer:

  1. Irregularity of rainfall has resulted into ineradicable agriculture production.
  2. Farmers have to depend on rainfall for irrigation.
  3. The beginning, as well as ending of rainy season, is uncertain. Hence, unavailability of rainwater at right time affects the crop production.
  4. Sometimes there is a downpour of rain when it rains too much in shorter time. As a result, crops are destroyed.
  5. Rivers get flooded and cause soil erosion which in long term reduces crop production.
  6. As the farming is seasonal work, many agricultural labourers migrate to cities.
  7. Due to irregular rain, some agro-based industries face problems as they do not get their raw material like cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, etc.
  8. Problem of drinking w’ater also becomes acute due to irregular rain. Life in desert or mountainous regions becomes full of hardships.
  9. Thus, climate directly affects people’s food, clothing, occupation, etc.

5. Select the correct option for the following questions and write its serial number in the given against them:

Question 1.
When the sun rays are vertical over the Tropic of Cancer in India, which season is experienced there?
A. Cold season
B. Hot season
C. Rainy season
D. Retreating monsoon
Answer:
B. Hot season

Question 2.
Which place near Cherrapunji is famous for heavy rains?
A. Shillong
B. Guwahati
C. Imphal
D. Mawsynram
Answer:
D. Mawsynram

Question 3.
Which Himalayan Phenomena affects more in creating cold wave over Gujarat and Rajasthan in winter?
A. Snowfall
B. Sandstorm
C. Rainfall
D. Landslide
Answer:
A. Snowfall

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Climate

Question 4.
By which name are some showers along Malabar coast in May known as?
A. Anarvarsha
B. Duststorms
C. Amravarsha
D. Snowfall
Answer:
C. Amravarsha

Question 5.
Which is the season of Retreating Monsoon in India?
A. March-May
B. October – November
C. January – February
D. July – August
Answer:
B. October – November

Question 6.
Which of the following statements is true?
A. Days are longer and nights are shorter in winter.
B. Days are shorter and nights are longer in summer.
C. Days are shorter and nights are longer in winter.
D. Days are shorter and nights are longer in summer.
Answer:
C. Days are shorter and nights are longer in winter.

Gujarat Board Class 9 Social Science Climate Additional Important Questions and Answers

I. Answer the following questions.

Question 1.
Define the following terms:

1. Windward region
2. Climate
3. Water.
Answer:

  1. Windward region: Western Ghats obstruct the South-West monsoon winds coming over from Arabian Sea. So, the entire coast on western slopes receives heavy rain. The side of a mountain which gets heavy rainfall is called windward region.
  2. Climate : The average of atmospheric condition over a long period of time is called climate.
  3. Weather: The average of short term condition of atmosphere is called weather.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Climate

Question 2.
Explain the seasons of India.
Answer:

  1. Normally, weather in India remains almost same for every two months. This two months durations is called season.
  2. Traditionally there are six seasons in India. They are Hemant, Shishir, Vasant, Grishma, Varsha and Sharad. There is hardly any noticeable difference in the weather between two successive seasons.
  3. So, two seasons are taken simultaneously then there would be only three seasons of the year:
    • Cold season,
    • Hot season,
    • Rainy season.
  4. Changes in seasons are experienced distinctly in India. Cold weather starts with the beginning of winter. Temperature gradually increases during summer. With the onset of monsoon, air gathers moisture and bring rain.
  5. Indian Meteorological Department of Government of India at Delhi has divided the climate of India into four seasons:
    • Cold weather season-winter: December to February.
    • Hot weather season-summer: March to May.
    • Advancing Monsoon: Rainy season : June to September
    • Retreating Monsoon season: October to November.

Question 3.
The Northern-Eastern region of India remains comparatively cooler. Why?
Answer:

  1. It is located far from the sea and its some part of region is a desert.
  2. During winter this region develops high pressure and cool and dry winds are generated. Due to that direction of wind is also changed. Wherever these winds reach, temperature decreases there.
  3. During winter temperature does not fall below freezing point except for the high mountainous regions, because the Central Himalayas obstruct the extremely cold winds coming from Central Asia, protects northern Indian from severe cold.
  4. After the snowfall in Himalayas, the cold and heavy winds rush towards the North Indian plains. So, temperature decreases. Frost is found in some areas.
  5. Moreover, temperature remains very low in Himalayas, e.g. in January temperature of Shimla and Darjeeling is around 5°C.

Question 4.
Write a note on Jet Stream.
Answer:

  1. In both hemispheres around 30° latitudes, very powerful winds in a pipe-shaped belt blow with high speed in the atmosphere at an altitude of 8 to 15 km. These winds are known as ‘Jet Streams’.
  2. The average velocity of Jet Streams is about 150 km per hour and in the central part of this wind belt, their velocity is about 400 km.
  3. During winter these winds blow over the southern slope of Himalayas and in summer these are stationed over Peninsular Plateau.
  4. High altitude winds help to bring rain.

Question 5.
Give an account of western disturbances.
Answer:

  1. Jet stream formed over West Asia blows towards east and affects West Asian countries, North-East India, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  2. The dust storm accompanying these disturbances leave its effect up to Bangladesh.
  3. This often creates disturbances in the pleasant winter weather of North India.
  4. Very high mountains receive snowfall and to the Ravi crop. This may cause unseasonal rain, locally known as ‘Mavthu’ in Gujarat which may damage crops.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Climate

Question 6.
What do you mean by El-Nino?
Answer:

  1. This is a Spanish word which literally means a ‘small child’.
  2. The name was given by Peruvian fishermen after the child Jesus because its impact is generally felt around Christmas.
  3. El-Nino is a warm current originates to the west of Peru along the Pacific coast in South America due to atmospheric and oceanic conditions. This current flows eastwards and its impact is felt up to India.
  4. The El-Nino phenomena takes place occasionally.
  5. Whenever El-Nino takes place, changes occur in the duration of monsoon and amount of rainfall in India.

Question 7.
What is ITCZ?
Answer:

  1. A large low-pressure area develops over where the trade winds converge. It is called Inter-Tropical Conversion Zone (ITCZ).
  2. The Trade winds rise upwards in the form of air currents.
  3. In July, this conversion zone is stationed over 20° to 25° North latitude. In India, it is stable over Ganga plains.
  4. Due to the low pressure developed over this region, winds over the oceans in southern hemisphere blow towards this area. It causes rain in a few parts of North India.
  5. During colder season, the conversion belt shifts further south, so the winds change their direction to north-east.

Question 8.
What is known as ‘Norwester’.
Answer:

  1. The low-pressure pocket over north and north-east India is spread up to Bihar due to which some parts of Odisha and Jharkhand become more hot occasionally.
  2. It is known as Norwester. These winds are locally known as ‘Kaal Baisakhi’ and cause much damage in eastern India.

Question 9.
Wrote a note on ‘Loo’.
Answer:

  • In the arid regions of west and north-west India, sandstorms or thunderstorms are common.
  • In summer especially in May very hot winds blow over North India which are known as ‘Loo’. Direct exposure of these winds may even prove fatal.

Question 10.
What is meant by ‘Rain break’?
Answer:

  1. India receives rain through monsoon winds. But the onset of these winds is also irregular. The phenomena of ‘Rain break4 is associated with the monsoon winds.
  2. The monsoon rainfalls for many days but there are a few rainless days, and again it is followed by a spell of rain. This phenomenon is called ‘Rain Break’.

Question 11.
Give the characteristics of Retreating monsoon winds.
Answer:

  1. Duration between October and November is well known as Retreating Monsoon.
  2. The vertical sun-rays gradually shift southwards and create low pressure over Indian Ocean in South. High pressure develops gradually over North India.
  3. Thus, by the end of September, a fresh pressure system develops over Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal. It weakens the monsoon winds which have already reached in the interior part of India.
  4. When the pressure conditions change afterwards these winds start flowing towards the sea during October-November. So, this period is called season of retreating Monsoon.
  5. At this time a season of dry and cool winds starts instead of hot summer.
  6. The retreat of the monsoon is marked by clear skies and rise in temperature.
  7. While days temperature are high, nights are cool and pleasant. The land is still moist.
  8. Owing to the conditions of high temperature and humidity, the weather become oppressive during the day. This is commonly known as ‘October heat’.
  9. In Gujarat, it is known by local name as ‘Bhadarvi Taap’.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Climate

Question 12.
Give an account of distribution of rainfall in India.
Answer:

  1. Along with monsoon winds, cyclones originating over Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea also enter India. Due to this monsoon becomes more active in some areas. These cyclones help in bringing rainfall.
  2. The monsoon rainfalls for many days. But there are a few rainless days and again it is followed by a spell of rain. This phenomenon is called ‘Rain Break’.
  3. Thus, all these factors affect the distribution of rainfall.
  4. Assam and Meghalaya receive very heavy rainfall while the deserts in Rajasthan and Leh in Kashmir receive insignificant rain.
  5. These factors have made the amount and distribution of rainfall unequal in India.

II. Give Reason

Question 1.
How seasonal changes take place?
Answer:

  1. The axis of the earth is tilted at 23.5° and makes an angle of 66.5° with the orbit. Seasons are caused due to the axial tilt.
  2. Regions receiving more sunlight experience summer while region receiving less sunlight experience winter.
  3. Sun rays fall vertically over Tropic of Capricorn on 22nd December. So, the southern hemisphere experiences summer and the northern hemisphere experiences winter.
  4. The sun rays are vertical over Tropic of Cancer on 21st June. Hence days are longer.
  5. Rotation and Revolution of the earth also play significant role in seasonal change.

Question 2.
North-Eastern mountainous regions of India receive more rainfall.
Answer:

  1. As we go higher from sea-level, air pressure and air temperature both decrease.
  2. Generally air temperature decreases at 1°C for the ascent of 165 metres or by 0.5°C for ascent of every 1000 metres.
  3. Due to the high altitude, the Himalayan peaks remain snow-covered throughout the year, and higher relief gets more rain.
  4. Moist air cools down when it rises and bring rain. With increasing altitude of the mountains in Assam, Meghalaya the rainfall increase.

Question 3.
Coromandel coast receives rainfall in winter.
Answer:

  • In winter, dry winds coming from over landmass generally do not bring rain, but North-East coming over from Bay of Bengal contain humidity.
  • These winds give more rainfall over the Coromandel Coast.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Climate

Question 4.
Rajasthan in India gets less rainfall.
Answer:

  1. One branch of Arabian current passes over Gujarat, Saurashtra and Kachchh and advances towards Rajasthan.
  2. After giving rain is Gujarat, when these winds enter Rajasthan, they contain less moisture.
  3. There are no high mountains or dense forests in Rajasthan so there is less possibility of the condensation of their moisture in these winds.
  4. Thus, Rajasthan gets less rain. Deserts get even less than 10 cm rainfall.
  5. Rajasthan is also far from the sea. It is also one of the season of less rainfall.

III. Complete the following statements by giving reasons: (1 Mark each)

Question 1.
South India experiences moderate climate because
Answer:
South India experiences moderate climate because South India is not very far from the sea coast. Its shape has a peninsular shape. Thus, it does not feel severe cold or hot.

Question 2.
There is very scanty rainfall in Gujarat because …………….
Answer:
There is very scanty rainfall in Gujarat because there are no high mountains or dense forest in Gujarat, so there is less possibility of the condensation of their moisture in these winds. So, there is less rainfall in Gujarat.

Question 3.
The monsoon is considered the most important season in India because ………………
Answer:
The monsoon is considered the most important season in India because India is an agrarian country and agriculture is dependent on monsoon.

Question 4.
The summer in South India is little mild because …………………
Answer:
The summer in South India is little mild because due to marine influences, proximity, to equator and the height of the plateau, the region does not experience extreme of heat and cold.

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Climate

Question 5.
There is a large difference in the temperature and rainfall in different parts of the country because
Answer:
There is a large difference in the temperature and rainfall in different parts of the country India because as the Tropic of Cancer passes through almost middle of India, the southern part falls in torrid zone and the northern in temperate zone.

Question 6.
Except the high mountainous regions, the temperature never decrease below freezing point anywhere in India because …………………
Answer:
Except the high mountainous regions, the temperature never decrease below freezing point anywhere in India because Himalayan ranges prevent the chilling cold winds coming from Central Asia and protects India from the severe cold. So except the high mountains, the temperature does not go below pressing point.

Question 7.
Major portion of annual rainfall in India is due to south-west monsoon winds because ………………….
Answer:
Major portion of annual rainfall in India is due to south-west monsoon winds because the monsoon winds arrive at southern tip of Indian peninsula generally by first week of June. It blows in India, namely the Arabian Sea branch and Bay of Bengal branch. There are rainless intervals in this season.

Question 8.
Seasonal South-Westerly winds are full of moisture because ………………..
Answer: Seasonal South-Westerly winds are full of moisture because they get moisture from the vast water masses of Indian Ocean Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal.

IV. Fill in the blanks.

1. ……………… are caused due to the axial till of the Earth.
2. ……………… receives the highest annual rainfall in the world.
3. The main office of the Meteorological Department of Government of India is located at ……………..
4. In Gujarat ‘October heat is locally known as ………………..
5. Irregularity is the main characteristics of ……………… winds.
Answer:
1. Seasons
2. Mawsynram
3. New Delhi
4. Bhadarvi Taap
5. monsoon

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Climate

V. State whether the following statements are true or false.

1. Whether is the average condition of the atmosphere of a place for a long time.
2. The Earth forms an angle of 66.5° with its orbit.
3. January is a hot month for south India.
4. The monsoon in India generally begins from Kerala.
5. The climate of Mumbai is pleasant since it is located on a seacoast.
Answer:
1. False
2. True
3. False
4. True
5. True

VI. Match the pairs correctly: (1 mark each)

Column ‘A’
1. Cold Weather season: Winter
2. Hot weather season: Summer
3. Advancing Monsoon: Rainy season
4. Retreating Monsoon season
5. Main characteristics of Monsoon winds

Column ‘B’
(A) March to May
(B) December to February
(C) October-November
(D) Irregularity and uncertainty
(E) June to September
Answer:
1. (B)
2. (A)
3. (E)
4. (C)
4. (D)

VI. Choose the correct option.

Question 1.
What is an average of atmospheric conditions over a long period?
A. Trade winds
B. Climate
C. Weather
D. Bhadarvo Taap
Answer:
B. Climate

Question 2.
What is an average of short-term conditions of atmosphere known?
A. Monsoon
B. Condensation
C. Climate
D. Weather
Answer:
D. Weather

Question 3.
At what axis is the earth titled?
A. 23.5°
B. 90°
C. 66.5°
D. 45.5°
Answer:
A. 23.5°

Question 4.
Which place near Cherrapunji is famous for heavy rainfall?
A. Shillong
B. Guwahati
C. Imphal
D. Mawsynram
Answer:
D. Mawsynram

GSEB Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 16 Climate

Question 5.
About how much distance is there between two successive latitudes?
A. 170 km
B. 111km
C. 141km
D. 78 km
Answer:
B. 111km

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