Gujarat Board GSEB Textbook Solutions Class 9 Social Science Chapter 19 India: Human Life Textbook Questions and Answers, Additional Important Questions, Notes Pdf.
India: Human Life Class 9 GSEB Solutions Social Science Chapter 19
Gujarat Board Class 9 Social Science India: Human Life Textbook Questions and Answers
1. Answer the following Questions in two-three sentences each.
What diversities are seen among the people of India?
Diversities are seer, in food, dressing, dwelling, language, dialects, festival among the people of India.
To which family do the languages of South India belong?
The language spoken in South India belong to Dravidian family of languages. Kannad language is spoken in Karnataka. Other languages spoken are Telugu in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Tamil in Tamil Nadu and Malayalam in Kerala.
Go through these Social Science Chapter 19 India: Human Life GSEB Class 9 Notes to score well in your exam.
State the major language and dialects of Bihar.
Hindi is spoken in Bihar, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Magdhi are other dialects spoken in Bihar.
2. Write short notes on the following:
Dresses of men and women in Bengal and in Eastern states.
- Eastern India includes states like Bihar. Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh. Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura. Sikkim, Meghalaya, etc.
- There is not much difference in attire of people in Jharkhand, Assam and Odisha. Man in Bengal wear dhoti, Zabbho, Khes on shoulder and headgear, while women wear saree, petticoat with blouse.
Festivals and Holy Days of Western India.
- Major states of Western India are Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Goa. It also includes Union Territories of Daman & Diu, Dadar and Nagar Haveli.
- People of Western India celebrate Diwali, Navaratri, Shivratri, Dashera, Ganesh Chaturthi, Eid, Christmas, Mahavir Jayanti, Pateti, Chetti Chand, Buddha Jayanti, etc.
- In Western Indian particularly in Rajasthan, Ghummar Kachchi ghodi, Kalbelia etc. dances are performed during festival season. Holi and Gangaur are celebrated with great pomp.
- Navaratri-Ras Garba of Gujarat are famous in the World.
- Ganesh Chaturthi in Maharashtra, Shivratri in Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh are celebrated with great pomp.
- Lavni dance of Maharashtra is very famous.
- India is a secular country. All religious festivals are celebrated without any discrimination.
Select a proper option and write the answer:
People experiencing how much temperature put on cotton dresses with light colour?
People of which state put on shoes from camel’s leather?
Which language is spoken in Goa?
People of w hich state eat a variety of Parothas?
A. Jammu & Kashmir
B. Tamil Nadu
Where is the Magh Fair held?
Of which state is ‘Pongal’ a main festival?
A. Andhra Pradesh
B. Tamil Nadu
B. Tamil Nadu
Which type of relief is seen in Uttarakhand?
A. Fertile plain
D. None of these
Gujarat Board Class 9 Social Science India: Human Life Additional Important Questions and Answers
I. Answer the following questions.
Name the major states of Western India.
Major states of Western India:
- Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Goa are the major states of Western India.
- Union territories like, Daman and Diu, Nagar and Haveli and Dadra are also a part of Western India.
Give a brief idea about the staple food of people of Western India.
Millet and dal-bati are the staple food of Rajasthan. Marwadi Kachori of Rajasthan is a common snacks.
Chapati and/or Bukhari, vegetables, dal and rice, khichdi and kadhi form the staple diet of Gujarat.
- People eat khaman, patra and ganthia as savoury dishes.
- People prefer snacks like thepla, ganthia, dry kachori, khakhra and sukhdi as breakfast.
- People of Gujarat widely use groundnut oil.
- Bhakhri, sabudana khichdi, vegetables, aarti (lentils) etc. form the staple diet of Maharashtra.
- Maharashtrians eat Puran Poli, shrikhand, misal pav, etc. as savoury dishes.
Rice and fish are the staple diet of people living along the sea coasts of Gujarat, Maharashtra and Goa.
Why do people of Gujarat favour dry snacks?
- Since ancient time the people of Gujarat have remain traders.
- They used to travel far off places for trading.
- As a result they keep homemade dry snacks with them that cannot perish for long time.
- Thepla, Chavana, ganthia, dry kachori, khakhra, sukhdi, sev-mamra, etc. are a few such snacks that they savour at home or even while they travel.
Give a brief idea about the clothing of people of Western India.
- Rajasthan is a dry and desert area. Hence, there is less diversity in vegetation.
- Rajasthanis shows its deserted characteristics in its clothing which are colourful and vibrant dressing.
- Men generally wear dhoti, angarakha and colourful paghadis. Women wear saree, petticoat with blouse.
Traditionally, men wear dhoti, kurta and white cap or turban. Women wear saree, petticoat with blouse.
Traditional dress of Maharashtrian man is dhoti, paheran, and cap (paghdi). Women wear saree in Maharashtrian style.
Dresses of Madhya Pradesh is quite similar to that of its neighbouring states of Gujarat and Maharashtra.
- Traditionally, goans wear dhoti and paheran, and women wear saree, petticoat with blouse.
- However, at present Goa costumes is highly influenced by western countries.
Write a short note on dwelling of Western India.
Most of the Rajasthan is desert region and so it receives less rainfall. Hence, most of the houses have flat roofs. Rural people live in the houses made of grass and soil.
People of Gujarat live in modem types of houses and buildings made of brick and cement. Dwellings in Kachchh region of Gujarat are known as Bhunga.
Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Goa:
- Urban people of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Goa also live in modem houses with many modern amenities.
- Roofs of the buildings in Konkan region which receives heavy rainfall are slant.
- In every state, the forest dwellers living in forests or mountainous area stay in scattered huts.
State the different languages spoken in the various parts of the Western India.
Over and above this, people belonging to several regions speak their own dialects.
Which important fairs are celebrated with great enthusiasm in Western Gujarat.
Fairs celebrated in Western Gujarat:
- Siddhpur in Gujarat is known for their camel trade on Kartik Purnima (Full moon day). A fair is arranged at that time.
- A fair is conducted for trading donkeys at Vautha of Dholka taluka in Gujarat.
- Other famous fairs in Gujarat are Tametar Fair near Thangadh, Bhavnaath Fair in Junagadh and Dang Darbar Fair in Dangs.
- In the Adhik (Additional), Bhadarvo month occurring after every 18 years, a fair is organised at Bhadhhut in Vagra taluka of Bharuch district.
Name the important states of North India and their distinct characteristics.
- North India includes the states of Punjab, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi, etc.
- Punjab is a land of five rivers.
- Owing to its immense beauty Jammu and Kashmir is considered to be the heaven on the earth.
- Uttarakhand is a mountainous region and is also known as Devbhumi.
- Himachal Pradesh is also a mountainous state.
- Uttar Pradesh is a part of the fertile plain in Ganga-Yamuna doab.
- Delhi is the National Capital of India.
Give a brief account of the food of North India.
- Wheat is the staple food of Punjab and Haryana.
- People of Punjab quiet often eat tandoori roti made from wheat and a variety of parathas.
- Vegetables especially made with paneer are highly preferred by them. Lassi is a well-known drink in Punjab.
- People of Jammu and Kashmir mainly eat rice, meat and fish.
- Roti, daal and rice is staple food of people in Uttar Pradesh.
- Mustard oil is commonly oil used in north Indian cooking.
How do people of North India wear?
- The dress which people of Punjab and Haryana wear is known as Punjabi dress.
- Women wear salwar and kameez. Men wear loose shirt (like kurta) and salwar which is also known as pathani. Some people also wear embroidered jacket over the loose shirt.
- Sikh people wear a typical style turban known as pagadi.
- Kashmiris wear Kashmiri dress. During winter they wear warm clothes to that covering entire body.
- The dressing of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand is similar to that of Jammu and Kashmir.
- Men wear cap and ladies wear head-scarf on the head.
- Men in Uttar Pradesh wear dhoti and paheran and tie a scarf on the head. Ladies wear saree, petticoat and blouse.
Explain the dwellings of people of North India.
- Punjab and Haryana get moderate rainfall. So, houses of people have flat roofs.
- Urban people live in the buildings made of bricks and cement.
- Wood is used for constructing houses in Jammu and Kashmir.
- In Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, people live in double-storey buildings.
- People keep their domestic animals in ground floor and they live on first floor.
- The heat of animals reach the first floor made of wood and create a warm environment for people. Such buildings are quite useful during snowfall.
- The roofs are sloppy to slide down the snow. Moreover, smooth rocks are used as roof tiles so that the snow on the rooftops easily slides down.
- In Uttar Pradesh urban people live in houses made from bricks and cement.
Which languages do North Indians speak?
- People of Punjab speak Punjabi language and the people of Haryana speak Haryanvi language.
- People in Uttar Pradesh speak Hindi and Urdu languages.
- Urdu is a major language of Jammu and Kashmir. Kashmiri and Dongari languages are also spoken there.
- Besides Hindi, people of Uttarakhand speak Garhwali and Kumauni dialects too.
- The official language of Himachal Pradesh is Hindi, however, most people use Pahari language on a daily basis.
- Over and above these languages, locals of all these regions speak various dialects too.
Write a short note on festivals and holy days and fair of North India.
Festivals and holy days of North India:
- Baisakhi and Lahiri are major festivals of Punjab Bhangra is a famous folk dance of Punjab.
- Eid and Moharram festivals are celebrated with great zeal in Jammu and Kashmir.
- Dashera is celebrated in a special way in Kullu region of Himachal Pradesh.
- Holi is a major festival of Uttar Pradesh. Moreover, Kathak is a famous dance of Uttar Pradesh.
- Besides, festivals like Shivratri, Ram Navami, Janmashtami, Dashera, Eid, Moharram, Christmas, etc. are also widely celebrated festivals in these regions.
Fairs of North India:
- Dashera fair of Kullu is quite famous.
- In Punjab, a Martyr’s fair is held.
- Kumbh Mela and Magh Mela are famous fairs of Prayagraj (Allahabad) in Uttar Pradesh.
- In Uttarakhand, Kumbh and Ardha Kumbh fairs are famous.
Which states are included in South India? What are the similarities between these states?
- South India includes states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Union Territory of Puducherry.
- Southern India is a peninsula and each state has a sea coast.
- One can see that food habits, dwelling and costumes are almost similar in all the states of South India.
Give a brief idea about the food habits of South Indians.
Food habits of South Indians:
- Rice, Sambhar and fish is the staple diet of southern states.
- Idli, dhosa, meduvada, etc. along with the coconut chutney are famous food made of rice.
- People eat rasam which is similar to daal almost daily in their meal.
- People of Kerala use coconut leaves as dish.
Write a note on costumes and dwellings in South India.
- Due to hot and humid weather in South, people wear loose garments.
- Lungi, Peheran, khes on shoulder and occasionally a pagdi is a common attire among men.
- Women wear saree in southern style with blouse.
- Karelians wear lungi or short dhoti and ladies put flower veni on their head.
- People in houses of brick and cement.
- Modem housing is seen in Bengaluru and Chennai.
- People living near sea coast use coconut leaves in their huts.
Give an account of the festivals and holy days of South India.
- Andhra Pradesh is famous for Kuchipudi dance. Shivratri, Makar Sankranti and Baisakhi are also celebrated there.
- Mysuru (Mysore) in Karnataka celebrates Dashera, Eid and Navaratri.
- Kathakali is a well-known dance of Kerala. Onam, Christmas, Eid and Shivratri are other festivals celebrated in Kerala.
- Pongal is the main festival and Bharat Natyam is a very famous dance style of Tamil Nadu.
Describe a few important states of East India. Name these states which have sea coast?
- East India consists of the states of Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripuram Sikkim, Meghalaya etc.
- Out of these states, Odisha and West Bengal have sea coasts.
Write about the staple food of East India.
- People in Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh . and West Bengal eat roti and vegetables, but rice more frequently.
- Rice is a staple diet in mountainous region.
- People also consume pulses and green vegetables in their meals
- Rosogulla and Sandesh are very popular sweets in the eastern states, especially in West Bengal.
- Sathvo (Satthu) is a special dish eaten in Bihar. Tea is a widespread drink of Assam.
- Mustard oil is widely used in cooking.
Give a brief idea about the dwellings of East Indians.
- People living in plains and houses are made of bricks and cement.
- People living in mountains use wood and bamboo for making their houses.
- Roof of houses are slanted due to heavy rainfall.
- In West Bengal people construct pukur i. e. a small pond in their backyards to rear fish for consuming in daily meals.
State the various languages spoken in East India.
- Hindi is spoken in Jharkhand, Bihar and Chhattisgarh.
- Maithili, Bhojpuri and Magdhi are other dialects spoken in Bihar.
- Assamese is spoken in Assam, Odia in Odisha and Bengali in West Bengal.
- Garo and Khasi languages are spoken in Meghalaya.
- Mizo dialect is used in Mizoram.
Explain the festivals and holy days of East India.
- Bihu in Assam and Odissi in Odisha are famous dances.
- The chariot procession of Jagannathpuri (in Odisha) is world-famous.
- Festivals of Chhath in Bihar and Durga Puja in West Bengal are celebrated with great zeal.
II. Complete the following statements.
India is a country of unity in diversity because ……………..
India is a colour country with unity in diversity because there is a large variation in the religious, food, clothing, dwelling, language, dialects, festivals, etc. among the people. However, they live in the country peacefully as Indian community.
Mostly, the houses in Rajasthan have flat roof because ……………….
Mostly, the houses in Rajasthan have flat roof because Thar desert is situated in Rajasthan, so it receives less rainfall.
Jammu and Kashmir called the heaven on the Earth because …………….
Jammu and Kashmir called the heaven on the Earth because it has incredible natural beauty.
All religions and national festivals are celebrated in India because ………………
All religions and national festivals are celebrated in India because India is a secular country.
II. Fill in the blanks.
1. The Marawadi ……………… is famous for breakfast among the people of Rajasthan.
2. The ……………… fair near Thangadh in Gujarat is famous.
3. Himachal Pradesh is also known as ……………… mountainous region.
4. ……………… is the famous dance form of Andhra Pradesh.
5. ……………… is the main language of Madhya Pradesh.
IV. State whether the following statements are true or false.
1. Main food of the people in Gujarat is wheat and dal-bati.
2. New Delhi is the capital of India.
3. Bhangda is the famous dance form of Uttar Pradesh.
4. Gujarati women wear petticoat with large circumference, blouse and an odhani on the head.
5. Konkani language is spoken in Goa.
V. Match the following.
|Column ‘A’||Column ‘B’|
|1. Ghummar||(A) Punjab|
|2. Bhangra||(B) Tamil Nadu|
|3. Kathakali||(C) Assam|
|4. Bharat Natyam||(D) Rajasthan|
|5. Bihu||(E) Kerala|
VI. Choose the correct option.
In regions that experience temperature, people wear light coloured cotton clothes.
People of which state usually wear footwear made of camel hides?
Which language is spoken in Goa?
Which poet said that humans beings are fond of festivals?
In which state is the festival of Ganesh Chaturthi celebrated with great enthusiasm?
B. Madhya Pradesh