# GSEB Solutions Class 8 Science Chapter 12 Friction

Gujarat BoardĀ GSEB Textbook Solutions Class 8 Science Chapter 12 Friction Textbook Questions and Answers, Notes Pdf.

## Gujarat Board Textbook Solutions Class 8 Science Chapter 12 Friction

### Gujarat Board Class 8 Science Friction Textbook Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Fill in the blanks:
(a) Friction opposes between the surfaces in contact with each other.
(b) Friction depends on the of surfaces.
(c) Friction produces.
(d) A sprinkling of powder on the carrom board friction.
(e) Sliding friction is then static friction.
(a) relative motion
(b) nature
(c) heat
(d) reduces
(e) less.

Question 2.
Four children were asked to arrange forces due to rolling, static, and sliding frictions in decreasing order. Their arrangements are given below. Choose the correct arrangement:
(a) rolling, static, sliding
(b) rolling, sliding, static
(c) static, sliding, rolling
(d) sliding, static, rolling
(c) Static, sliding, rolling.

Question 3.
Alida runs her toy car on a dry marble floor, wet marble floor, newspaper, and towel spread on the floor. The force of friction acting on the car on different surfaces in increasing order will be
(a) wet marble floor, dry marble floor, newspaper, towel.
(b) newspaper, towel, dry marble floor, wet marble floor.
(c) towel, newspaper, dry marble floor, wet marble floor.
(d) wet marble floor, dry marble floor, towel, newspaper.
(a) wet marble floor, dry marble floor, newspaper, towel.

Question 4.
Suppose your writing desk is tilted a little. A book kept on it starts sliding down. Show the direction of frictional force acting on it.

The book moves downwards. The frictional force is acting opposite to the movement of the book. So it acts upwards.

Question 5.
You spill a bucket of soapy water on a marble floor accidentally. Would it make it easier or more difficult for you to walk on the floor? Why?
The layer of soap makes the floor smooth due to which the friction is reduced and the foot cannot make a proper grip on the floor. Therefore, it is difficult to walk on a soapy floor and we start to slip on the floor.

Question 6.
Explain why sportsmen use shoes with spikes.
Sportsmen use shoes with a spike to increase the friction between shoes and the surface. The shoes with spike do not slip while they run or play.

Question 7.
Iqbal has to push a lighter box and Seema has to push a similar heavier box on the same floor. Who will have to apply a larger force and why?
The heavy object will be pressed hard against the opposite surface and produces more friction. So Seema will have to apply a larger force due to more friction.

Question 8.
Explain why sliding friction is less than static friction.
The two sliding objects find less time to get interlocked against each other (objects and irregularities of the surface). So they get less friction. Therefore, sliding friction is always less than static friction.

Question 9.
Give examples to show that friction is both a friend and a foe.
Examples to show that friction is a friend and a foe:

Friction is a friend:

1. Friction allows us to grip and catch different objects.
2. It helps us to walk comfortably on the surface.
3. It helps to minimize the speed or to stop the moving objects.
4. It helps us to write on paper or blackboard.
5. The things do not move from their place due to the friction between the surfaces.

Friction is a foe:

1. Friction causes wear and tear in objects.
2. It causes damage to the parts of the machines.
3. The machines or tools require regular maintenance due to which a lot of money is wasted.
4. It reduces the speed of moving objects, so more force is required.
5. It does not allow the free movement of objects.

Question 10.
Explain why objects moving in fluids must have special shapes.