# GSEB Solutions Class 8 Maths Chapter 7 Cube and Cube Roots Ex 7.1

Gujarat BoardĀ GSEB Textbook Solutions Class 8 Maths Chapter 7 Cube and Cube Roots Ex 7.1 Textbook Questions and Answers.

## Gujarat Board Textbook Solutions Class 8 Maths Chapter 7 Cube and Cube Roots Ex 7.1

Question 1.
Which of the following numbers are not perfect cubes?

1. 216
2. 128
3. 1000
4. 100
5. 46656

Solution:
1. We have
216 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3
Grouping the prime factors of 216 into triples, no factor is left over.
ā“ 216 is a perfect cube.

2. We have
128 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2
Grouping the prime factors of 128 into triples, we are left over with 2 as ungrouped factor.
ā“ 128 is not a perfect cube.

3. We have 211000
1000 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 5 Ć 5 Ć 5
Grouping the prime factors of 1000 into triples, we are not left over with any factor.
ā“ 1000 is a perfect cube.

4. We have
100 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 5 Ć 5
Grouping the prime factors into triples, we do not get any triples.
Factors 2 Ć 2 and 5 Ć 5 are not in triples.
ā“ 100 is not a perfect cube.

5. We have
46656 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3

Grouping the prime factors of 46656 in triples we are not left over with any prime factor.
ā“ 46656 is a perfect cube.

Question 2.
Find the smallest number by which each of the following numbers must obtain a perfect cube?

1. 243
2. 256
3. 72
4. 675
5. 100

Solution:
1. We have
243 = 3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3
The prime factor 3 is not a group of three.

ā“ 243 is not a perfect cube.
Now, [243] Ć 3 = [3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3] Ć 3
or 729 = 3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3
Now, 729 becomes a perfect cube.
Thus, the smallest required number to multiply 243 to make it a perfect cube is 3.

2. We have
256 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2
Grouping the prime factors of 256 in triples, we are left over with 2 Ć 2.
ā“ 256 is not a perfect cube.

Now, [256] Ć 2
= [2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2] Ć 2
or 512 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2
i.e; 512 is a perfect cube.
Thus, the required smallest number is 2.

3. We have 72 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 3 Ć 3
Grouping the prime factors of 72 in triples, we are left over with 3 Ć 3.
ā“ 72 is not a perfect cube.
Now, [72] Ć 3
= [2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 3 Ć 3] Ć 3
or 216 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3
i.e; 216 is a perfect cube.
ā“ The smallest number required to multiply 72 to make it a perfect cube is 3.

4. We have 675 = 3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 5 Ć 5
Grouping the prime factors of 675 to triples, we are left over with 5 Ć 5.
ā“ 675 is not a perfect cube.
Now, [675] Ć 5
= [3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 5 Ć 5] Ć 5
or 3375 = 3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 5 Ć 5 Ć 5
Now, 3375 is a perfect cube.
Thus, the smallest required number to multiply 675 such that the new number is a perfect cube is 5.

5. We have
100 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 5 Ć 5

The prime factor are not in the groups of triples.
ā“ 100 is not a perfect cube.
Now, [100] Ć 2 Ć 5 = [2 Ć 2 Ć 5 Ć 5] Ć 2 Ć 5
or [100] Ć 10 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 5 Ć 5 Ć 5
1000 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 5 Ć 5 Ć 5
Now, 1000 is a perfect cube.
Thus, the required smallest number is 10.

Question 3.
Find the smallest number by which each of the following numbers must be divided to obtain a perfect cube.

1. 81
2. 128
3. 135
4. 192
5. 704

Solution:
1. We have 81 = 3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3

Grouping the prime factors of 81 into triples, we are left with 3
ā“ 81 is not a perfect cube.
Now, [81] + 3 [3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 3] Ć· 3
or 27 – 3 Ć 3 Ć 3
i.e., 27 is a prefect cube.
Thus, the required smallest number is 3.

2. We have 2 128
128 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2

Grouping the prime factors of 128 into triples, we are left with 2.
ā“ 128 is not a perfect cube
Now, [128] Ć· 2
= [2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2] + 2
or 64 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2
i.e.. 64 is a perfect cube.
Thus, the required smallest number is 2.

3. We have 135 = 3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 5

Grouping the prime factors of 135 into triples, we are left over with 5.
135 is not a perfect cube.
Now, [135] + 5 = [3 Ć 3 Ć 3 Ć 5] + 5
or 27 = 3 Ć 3 Ć 3
i.e., 27 is a perfect cube.
Thus, the required smallest number is 5.

4. We have
192 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 3

Grouping the prime factors of 192 into triples, 3 is left over.
ā“ 192 is not a perfect cube.
Now, [192] + 3
= [2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 3] + 3
or 64 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2
i.e., 64 is a perfect cube.
Thus, the required smallest number is 3.

5. We have
704 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 11

Grouping the prime factors of 704 into triples, 11 is left over.
ā“ [704] + 11
= [2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 11] Ć· 11
or 64 = 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2 Ć 2
i.e; 64 is a perfect cube.
Thus, the required smallest number is 11.

Question 4.
Pariksht makes a cuboid of plasticine of sides 5 cm, 2 cm, 5 cm. How many such cuboids will he need to form a cube?
Solution:
Sides of the cuboid are: 5 cm, 2 cm, 5 cm
ā“ Volume of the cuboid = 5 cm Ć 2cm Ć 5 cm
To form it as a cube its dimension should be in the group of triples.
ā“ Volume of the required cube
= [5 cm Ć 5 cm Ć 2 cm] Ć 5 cm Ć 2 cm Ć 2 cm
= [5 Ć 5 Ć 2cm3] = 20cm3
Thus, the required number of cuboids = 20