Our Revision Notes for GSEB Class 9 Social Science Notes Chapter 9 Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles of State Policy summarises the key points of a chapter and useful resource to prepare effectively for the upcoming board exams.
Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles of State Policy Class 9 GSEB Notes Social Science Chapter 9
Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles of State Policy Class 9 GSEB Notes
→ Human Rights are those rights which not only give a person his/her basic existence but also overall development.
→ United Nations General Assembly has declared Human Rights on 10th of December, 1948 and 10th December is celebrated as ‘Human Rights Day’.
→ The nation’s stability, protection of citizen’s freedom and democracy are protected through Fundamental Rights.
→ Fundamental Right is the major fundation of all other rights and privileges guaranteed to Indian citizens.
→ No citizen shall be discriminated on the basis of race, caste, religion, creed, descent or place of birth.
→ Indian citizens have been given the Freedom of Speech and Expression. This can be expressed either orally, verbally and through gestures.
→ The Constitution of India confers Free and Compulsory Primary Education for the children between 6 to 14 years.
→ The purpose of Preventive Detention is not to punish a convict, but to stop him from doing any criminal activity against State, Society or any individual.
→ Any child under the age of 14 cannot be made to work in a factory, mine, or any dangerous profession, garage, hotel or cannot be employed as a house-hold servant.
→ Any Citizen of India can follow any religion of choice, can promote and propogate the same is mentioned in the provision of the Constitution of India.
→ The State of India does not have any religion of its own or the Indian State is not run as per the principles of any religion or sect.
→ The people of India have a right to preserve their language, script, cultural identity and ethnicity.
→ Any of the State can frame a law and provide the right to its citizen to form and manage any of the educational institute based on cultural or lingustic minority.
→ Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar has considered Right to Constitutional Remedies as ’Soul of the Constitution’ If the State Legislative Assembly frames any Law which violates the Fundamental Rights or not in Congruence of it then the Supreme Court can stop the State.
→ The Fundamental Duty aims to inculcate love for nation, national integrity, various high ideals and value awareness among its citizens.
→ 6th January is celebrated as ‘Fundamental Duties Day’ in India.
→ The objective of the Directive Principles of State Policy is to guide the present and future, Centre and State Governments in the Policy-making in various policy related field.
→ The primary aim of these principles is to establish a social, economic and political justice. These Directive
Principles are divided into various sections:
- Principles related to Economic Policy
- Principles related to Social policy
- Principles related to the International and Policies
- Principles related to Education and Cultural policies
- Principles related to Health Policies. Fundamental Rights limit the State leadership while Directive Principles extend state leadership. Fundamental rights make the existence of Democracy, while Directive Principles of society complete each other.