This GSEB Class 6 Social Science Notes Chapter 6 The Beginning of Settled Life covers all the important topics and concepts as mentioned in the chapter.
The Beginning of Settled Life Class 6 GSEB Notes
→ A glimpse of the life of a teenager Gomatu, approximately 12,000 years ago, suggests that, he spent a wandering life, hunting only for food. He prepared a weapon from a sharp stone tied to a stick and went for hunting with his tribe. He baked the meat of hunted animals in fire and ate it. He also ate fruits and tuberous roots. He normally lived in the caves. He kept on changing the place of habitation according to the season.
→ Before thousands of years people stayed in a small village (a kasba) by building huts. They were growing grains like wheat and barley in the farms and reared cows and goats. They made clay-pots. They stored grains in large earthen pots.
→ The archaeologists have found the remnants of foodgrains, bones of the animals and tools for farming from different places during excavation. At present, Mehargadh, an ancient place in Pakistan is a classic example of this.
→ It is believed that, man might have started a steady habitation for taking care of farming and rearing animals. Man had tamed the dog for the first time to guard his house.
→ A new way of life developed in man, by engaging in agriculture and rearing animals. Staying at one place, construction of house for protection, facility for storing grains, etc. are seen in the new way of man’s life.
→ Archaeologists have found out the evidences of man’s steady life. These mainly include signs of huts and houses, the sign of fireplaces (hearth for cooking), tools of stone and bones, stone mortar (kharal) or muller to pound and crush grains and plants.
→ The clay-pots were found from very ancient places of New-stone Age. These vessels were used for storing grain and various things in the beginning and then were used for cooking. People ate mainly wheat and rice as their food at that time.