# GSEB Solutions Class 12 English Unit 2 Read 2 Shaper Shaped

Gujarat Board GSEB Solutions Class 12 English Second Language Unit 2 Read 2 Shaper Shaped Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.

## GSEB Std 12 English Textbook Solutions Unit 2 Read  2 Shaper Shaped (2nd Language)

### GSEB Class 12 English Shaper Shaped Text Book Questions and Answers

Comprehension

Question 1.
The poet has ceased to be a potter and learnt to be the clay. What would you like to become? Why?
I would like to become a cloud. fortning various shapes enlivening the imagination of the cowherds in the terrain of the countryside. I would cast my shadow on the land shielding the heat.

Question 2.
Complete the table.

 No. Journey Who Acts Reason 1. shaper shaped potter clay moulded the clay to patterns of wheel Wisdom won and pride died 2. shaper shaped poet song to win the hearts of men Through new-got knowledge ceased to be a poet. 3. shaper shaped fashioner of swords sword gleamed on battlefields Brimming with silence of the Lord, learned to be a sword. 4. shaper shaped dreamer dream who would hurl insolence of emrald and pearl Kneeling at the feet of the Supreme, learned to be a dream.

3. Answer the following questions in two or three sentences each:

Question 1.
What is the significance of the title of the poem ?
In life, mostly we adopt a trend with which we are familiar. We shape our life accordingly. But in many cases circumstances, ideas mould our life and compel us to pursue another course in life. So the changes occur in our lifestyle.

Question 2.
How does the poet contrast his former life with the present life ?
The poet says that in his bygone days, he was just ignorant about many realities and considered himself to be a creator of many a thing and strut with great pride. But later on, he realised that the creator of everything on the earth is Supreme power, i.e., God and he is nothing but a thing to be shaped in His hands.

Question 3.
What examples does the poet give to forewarn the human beings who are obsessed with their own selves ?
The examples that the poet gives of the people who are obsessed with their own selves are as under :
(1) Previously the poet was a potter and thought that he could create any shape from yielding clay, but later on he realised that he was not the shaper but merely ‘clay’ to be shaped.

(2) In his bygone days, the poet was a great poet and could compose innumerable songs or poems but later he realised that he was merely a ‘song’ to be composed.

(3) In another example, the poet had thought that he could produce gleaming swords, but his later realisation taught him that he was merely a ‘sword’ to be prepared.

(4) In the last example, the poet says that once upon a time, he thought that he was a dreamer possessing costly stones like emrald and pearl but later he realised that he was not more than merely a ‘dream’ and never a dreamer.

Question 4.
How does the poet cite the example of potter to refer to his awakening of the soul ?
In bygone days, the poet thought that he was a skilful potter and could prepare wonderful patterns from yielding clay, but his lately won wisdom awakened his soul and made him realise that he was not a potter – a creator – but merely the clay which needed to be shaped.

Question 5.
Why did the poet write innumerable songs in his earlier years ?
The poet wrote innumerable songs in his earlier years as he was vainly proud that his pen could compose wonderful poems which could win the hearts of people. That time he did not know that the power or potential he had got was not of his own but of some Supreme power.

Question 6.
What does the phrase ‘fashioner of swords’ refer to ?
The phrase ‘fashioner of swords’ refers to the maker of swords. The word ‘fashioner’ refers to the ‘maker of variety of swords’ to be used on the battlefield.

Question 7.
How did the poet behave in bygone times when he was a dreamer?
When the poet was a dreamer in bygone times, he behaved very arrogantly as he possessed great wealth. His pride had made him insolent. He was a great dreamer who never knew that he himself was merely a dream at the feet of the Supreme.

Question 8.
What happens when the poet surrenders at the feet of the Almighty?
When the poet surrenders at the feet of the Almighty, he has the sudden realisation that he is no more a dreamer. He has no right to feel proud or be arrogant about the things that he claims to be his own. The wealth he dreams of does not belong to him at all. Then he ceases to be a dreamer and realises that he is merely a dream to get realised.

4. (a) Lines 2 and 4 end with words ‘feel-wheel’. Study the last word of each line and make a list of other rhyming words in the poem. Work in pairs.

Stanza 1: Rhyming words
Lines : 2. 4 — Feel, wheels
Lines: 3. 6. 8 — clay, away. clay

Stanza 2:
Lines: 2, 4 — pen. men
Lines : 6, 8 — long, song

Stanza 3:
Lines: 1, 3 — swords, battlefields
Lines : 2, 4 — gone. shone
Lines : 6. 8 — Lord, sword

(b) Select any three pairs of rhyming words from the poem and find one more rhyming word for each pair.
Example : feel – wheel – kneel
Pairs of rhyming words are :
(1) clay – away – astray
(2) pen – men – den
(3) long – song – gong
(4) hurl – pearl – swirl

(c) Prepare a list of words that are used more than twice in the poem.
Words used more than twice are : used to be, in days, on, but, now, ceased, had, sword.

(a) self-realization of the poet.
(b) advantages of getting materialistic things.
(c) benefits of writing beautiful songs.
(d) gain from fighting battles.
(a) self-realization of the poet.

(2) The poet wishes to cease to be a potter because …
(a) he has become master of making pots.
(b) he has realized the harm of declaring himself to be a great potter.
(c) he has acquired fame of a skilled potter.
(d) he wishes to adopt some other profession.
(b) he has realized the harm of declaring himself to be a great potter.

(3) The poet wishes to surrender to God because …
(a) he wants to acquire emerald and pearls.
(b) he has learnt the truth of mortality of living beings.
(c) he wants to win hundred battles.
(d) he wishes to impress others.
(b) he has learnt the truth of mortality of living beings.

Question 1.
Identify the Figures of Speech in the following line:
‘His fingers mould the yielding clay’
The Figure of Speech used in the line ‘His fingers mould the yielding clay’ is Synecdoche

Question 2.
What is the meaning of the line – ‘Innumerable songs would come To win the hearts of men’.
The meaning is that the poet would compose a number of songs which would be popular among people and win their acclaim.

Question 3.
Identify the Figure of Speech in the line -‘Glittered and gleamed and shone.’
Answer:The Figure of Speech in the line – ‘Glittered and gleamed and shone’ is Climax.

Question 4.
Explain –
‘In bygone times I used to be A dreamer who would hurl On every side an insolence of emerald and pearl.
These lines suggest that in past the poet was a wealthy man and felt greatly proud of his ; abundant wealth.

(1) In days gone by I used to be
A potter who would feel
His fingers mould the yielding clay
To patterns on his wheels;
But now through wisdom lately won,
That pride has died away;
I have ceased to be the potter
And have learned to be the clay.

Questions:
(1) What pride was the poet as a potter bearing formerly?
(2) What did the poet as a potter learn with the course of time?
(1) As a potter the poet felt proud that he could mould clay and make different patterns.
(2) With the course of time, the poet became wise, shook off his pride and felt that he had ceased to be the potter and learned to be the clay.

(2) In other days I used to be
A poet through whose pen
Innumerable songs would come
To win the hearts of men;
But now through new-got knowledge
I have ceased to be the poet
And have learned to be the song.

Questions:
(1) Describe the poet’s compositions.
(2) What was the poet’s realisation on a later stage ?
(1) The poet composed innumerable songs which could win the hearts of men.
(2) On a later stage, with the help of newly got-knowledge, the poet ceased to be the poet and learned to be the song.

OR

Questions:
(1) In other days what would come through poet’s pen ?
(2) Why has the poet ceased to be a poet ?
(3) Why does the poet write the poems ?
(1) In other days, innumerable songs would come through the poet’s pen.
(2) The poet has ceased to be a poet as he has got new knowledge.
(3) The poet writes the poems to win the hearts of men.

OR

Questions:

(1) What was the poet in the past ?
(2) What was the effect of poet’ song ?
(3) The poet was a but now he wants to become
(1) The poet was a poet in the past.
(2) The poet’s song could win the hearts of people.
(3) The poet was a poet but now he wants to become a song.

OR

Questions :
(1) Why did the poet write innumerable songs in his earlier years ?
(2) What knowledge had the poet got ?
(3) Find out the word from the stanza for ‘the things can’t be counted’.
(1) The poet wrote innumerable songs in his earlier years to win the hearts of men.
(2) Afterwards the poet came to know that he was no longer a poet, but was the song.
(3) The word for ‘the things can’t be counted’ is ‘innumerable’.

(3) I was a fashioner of swords
In days that now are gone
Which on a hundred battlefields,
Glittered and gleamed and shone;
But now that I am brimming with
The silence of the Lord,
I have ceased to be sword-maker
And have learned to be the sword.

Questions :
(1) What do the words ‘fashioner of swords’ in the stanza mean ?
(2) What does the poet mean by ‘I am brimming with the silence of the Lord’ ?
(1) The words ‘fashioner of swords’ mean ‘maker of swords’.
(2) The words ‘I am brimming with the silence of the Lord’, the poet means that now he has grown wise enough to understand the futility of war and ‘peace’ is the ultimate need of the world.

(4) In bygone times I used to be
A dreamer who would hurl
On every side an insolence
Of emerald and pearl;
But now that I am kneeling
At the feet of the Supreme
I have ceased to be the dreamer
And have learned to be the dream.

Questions :
(1) What did the poet dream of in his bygone days ?
(2) What is the latest realisation of the poet ?
(1) In his bygone days, the poet dreamt of being very wealthy lying by the side of gems.
(2) Lately the poet realised that whatever wealth he collected was futile. The real solace he could find submitting himself to God.

OR

Questions:
(1) What was the poet in his past ?
(2) What changed the poet’s thoughts ?
(3) The poet was a but ……… now he wants to become ………
(Fill in the gaps with proper words.)
(1) In his past, the poet was a dreamer.
(2) The poet surrendered himself to God and in the submission he found his thoughts changed.
(3) The poet was a dreamer but now he wants to become a dream.

(5) In days gone by I used to be
A potter who would feel
His fingers mould the yielding clay
To patterns on his wheels;
But now through wisdom lately won,
That pride has died away;
I have ceased to be the potter
And have learned to be the clay.

Questions :
(1) What was the potter proud of ?
(2) What is the potter’s realisation after winning wisdom ?
(3) Identify and explain the Figure of Speech in the line ‘That pride has died away’.
(1) The potter was proud that he could mould the clay on his wheels to any patterns he wished to create.
(2) After winning wisdom, the potter realised that his pride was useless. He ceased to be the potter and learned to be the clay.
(3) The Figure of Speech in the line ‘That pride has died away’ is personification because the human quality of ‘dying’ is attributed to ‘pride’.

Vocabulary

1. Use the correct forms of the words given in the brackets.

A pioneer of the American animation (animate) industry, Walter Elias ‘Walt’ Disney introduced (introduce) several developments in the production (product) of cartoons. Walt developed (develop) the character Mickey Mouse in 1928 which was his first highly (high) popular success. He also provided (provide) the voice for his creation (create) in his early years. In the 1950s, Disney expanded (expand) into the amusement park industry and in 1955, he opened (open) Disneyland. Disney was a heavy smoker throughout his life and his death (die) occurred due to lung cancer in 1966 before the park was completed. His film work continued (continue) to be shown (show) and adapted. His studio maintains high standards in its production (product) of popular entertainment. He is considered to be a national cultural (culture) icon and remains an important figure in the history of animation.

2. Replace the underlined words with the words opposite in meaning from the brackets.

(brilliant, forget, success, borrowed, imagination, adding, flopped, celebrated)

Question 1.
Walt was a genius who had an extraordinary skill of removing imagination to any story or idea.
Walt was a genius who had an extraordinary skill of adding imagination to any story or idea.

Question 2.
Walt started a little animated-cartoon company in Kansas city which succeeded miserably.
Walt started a little animated-cartoon company in Kansas city which flopped miserably.

Question 3.
Walt lent $500 from an uncle to start a cartoon series called Alice in Wonderland. Answer: Walt borrowed$ 500 from an uncle to start a cartoon series called Alice in Wonderland.

Question 4.
The 40th birthday of Walt’s mouse, Mickey was condemned in 1968.
The 40th birthday of Walt’s mouse, Mickey – was celebrated in 1968.

Question 5.
Mickey was the first successful outcome of Walt’s brilliant reality.
Mickey was the first successful outcome of Walt’s brilliant imagination.

Question 6.
Walt’s ‘crazy idea’ of starting a Disneyland ! turned out to be a great failure.
Walt’s ‘crazy idea’ of starting a Disneyland turned out to be a great success.

Question 7.
Walt’s graphic telling of the fairy tale made the young Roy Edward remember all about – his measles.
Walt’s graphic telling of the fairy tale ( made the young Roy Edward forget all about his measles.

Question 8.
Walt’s idea of starting an amusement park seemed to be a silly idea.
Walt’s idea of starting an amusement park seemed to be a brilliant idea.

3. Fill in the blanks with proper words from those given in the brackets.

(riveted, grinned, splash, hell-bent, nickel, extravagance, dissent, snuggling)

(1) Aditya is stubbornly determined to achieve his goals. He is ……… on fulfilling his dreams.
(2) Sonali drew close to her mother to receive; comfort and affection. She was …………
(3) Riya gave a coin of five cents to her friend. The coin was a …………
(4) The Alice cartoons could not display things much prominently. They could not create a …………
(5) Everyone firmly fixed their eyes on the trick that the magician was performing on the stage. Their eyes were ………… on the magician.
(6) The children smiled broadly when they were given ice-cream. They at the sight of the ice-cream.
(1) hell-bent
(2) snuggling
(3) nickel
(4) splash
(5) riveted
(6) grinned

4. Select the proper word from the brackets and use it at the proper place.

Example:
The town is surrounded by and has annually a large number of visitors. (nickels / orchards)
The town is surrounded by orchards and has annually a large number of visitors.

Question 1.
After school some students always around the building to talk to their friends, (linger / splash)
After school some students always linger around the building to talk to their friends.

Question 2.
He shows great for his work. (grin / enthusiasm)
He shows great enthusiasm for his work.

Question 3.
Tom won the lottery, but went a year later. (bankrupt / industrious)
Tom won the lottery, but went bankrupt a year later.

Question 4.
Tom’s cat against his leg. (snuggled / cranked)
Tom’s cat snuggled against his leg.

Question 5.
The play was a total, and was shut down after three days, (dissent/flop)
The play was a total flop, and was shut down after three days.

Question 6.
She at me when she came into the room. (grinned / riveted)
She grinned at me when she came into the room.

5 Find out a word from the text to answer the question. Write the word and use it in a sentence of your own.

Example:

Question 1.
Which qualities are required in a person in order to become successful ?
Industrious : The industrious worker was able to finish the difficult task in just a few hours.

Question 2.
What happens when a person spends more than his earnings ?
Bankrupt: A person becomes bankrupt when he spends more than his earnings.

Question 3.
What do you do when you are afraid ?
Desperate: When we are afraid, we became desperate to jet rid of the danger.

Question 4.
What will people think about you if you consistently disagree with others?
Stubborn : If we consistently disagree with others, people will take us as stubborn.

Question 5.
Where do you find a lot of fruits and vegetables ?
Farm: We find a huge lot of fruits and vegetables in a farm.

Question 6.
How will you react if you see your / favourite dish on your plate ?
Gleam: If I see my favourite dish on my plate, at once my face would gleam.

Question 7.
If a film does not make good earning, how do the film critics react?
Criticism: If a film does not make a good earning, the film critics trigger criticism at it.

6. Unscramble the words in Part ‘A’ and match it with the description.

 No. Part ‘A’ Description Ex. 1. UHLR (HURL) -F (A) end 2. ENELK (B) previous 3. EASEC (C) shine 4. EBONYG (D) rudeness 5. TPTERNA (E) go down on one’s knees 6. ITTERLG (F) shout abuse 7. CINOLENES (G) arrangement

(1) HURL – shout abuse — (F)
(2) KNEEL – go down on one’s knees — (E)
(3) CEASE – end — (A)
(4) BYGONE-previous — (B)
(5) PATTERN – arrangement — (G)
(6) GLITTER-shine — (C)
(7) INSOLENCE – rudeness — (D)

Answer the questions using words from the brackets.

(wise, proud, insolent, silence, dreamer, patterns, glittering, battlefield)

Question 1.
Where do you find the things like swords, daggers and spears ?
We find swords, daggers and speare on battlefield.

Question 2.
How does a teacher feel when his student s wins a prize ?
The teacher feels proud when his student wins a prize.

Question 3.
Why does Rohan behave disrespectfully with his elders ?
Rohan behaves disrespectfully because he is insolent.

Question 4.
When can you concentrate and meditate properly ?
We can concentrate and meditate in silence.

Question 5.
What are the different kinds of design called ?
Different kinds of design are called patterns.

Question 6.
Why does Aditya behave humbly with everyone?
Aditya behaves humbly because he is wise.

Question 7.
Who thinks of becoming a successful person in future ?
A dreamer thinks of becoming a successful person.

Question 8.
Why are the diamonds looking amazing ?
Diamonds look amazing because of their glittering.

8. Find antonyms of these words from the text. Frame sentences of your own using the antonyms.

recent, numerable, dull, began, stupidity, respect, illiterate
Example : recent x bygone
We always remember our bygone days.

(1) numerable x innumerable
Innumerable ants feasted on the dead body of the snake lying near the ant hill.

(2) dull x fillip
The advertising company gave much-needed fillip to the sales.

(3) began x finished
The campers finished their assignment after a long struggle.

(4) stupidity x wisdom
His handling of the meeting displayed his wisdom.

(5) respect x insolence
The teacher informed the parents that their word’s insolence was intolerable.

Function

1. Read these conversations and try to understand the use of the underlined words:

(a) Mr Khan : What do you want as your birthday gift, beta?
Zoya : Whatever you want to give.
Mr Khan: I want to buy that smart phone for you.
Zoya: But it may be too costly for you to buy.
Mr Khan: Don’t worry, I have money enough to get it for you, dear.
Zoya: That mobile is too large to look beautiful. (The smaller, the better.)
Mr Khan: Hmmm. Look at the one next to it. It seems delicate enough for you ? to have it.
Zoya: Yaaah. But, it’s too fragile for me to handle as I do a lot of commuting for my study. Papa, see that on the left. This one looks sturdy enough to keep with.
Mr Khan : Ok, then. I have read the price on the tag. It isn’t that costly. Shall we go for it?
Zoya : Thank you, pa.
Mr Khan : You’re smarter than that phone.

(b) Manan : Hey, buddy. Did you watch the IPL match yesterday?
Shreyansh : Yes. I am cricket crazy, you know. Kohli played the game marvellously enough to make his team win.
Manan : It was a glorious game indeed. It was too difficult for any bowler to send him to the pavilion.
Shreyansh: Gayle also made a rocking half century. This time, he was calm enough to play sensibly.
Manan: Oh yes, I liked his game too. The bowlers made the ball too short-pitched to control the batsmen.
Shreyansh: Earlier the team’s run-rate was too slow to chase but later in the game, this duo turned the tables.
Manan: As a captain, his strategy was well- thought-out enough to lead the team towards victory.

(c) Mrs Mehta : Where are you going now, beta ?
It’s time to study.
Salil: I have told you many times not to ask every now and then.
Mrs Mehta: But, you see, it’s already too late to begin for preparation of exams.
Salil: I have done my preparation enough to get good score in exams, mom.
Mrs Mehta: And you also waste your time using your cell phone and all. Don’t be too distracted at this juncture of time.
Salil: Ohh, mom. You are too over-caring to understand me.
Mrs Mehta: Don’t blame on me. Due to your wandering with your friends, you have become overconfident enough to ignore all our advices.
Salil: Not at all, mama. I need to go now.
Mrs Mehta: Come back early. Take care.

(d) Read the conversation and fill in the gaps with appropriate options given in the brackets.
[ you also need to be cool enough to convince your parents nicely, your parents are well-experienced enough to guide you, you are also too possessive to understand him fully, you are too stubborn to accept the reality ]
(After counsellors’ meeting with Mr and Mrs Mehta and Salil individually)
Counsellor : Hi, buddy. What’s going on ?
Salil: Fine, Sir.
Mrs Mehta: I am fine too.
Counsellor: Dear Salil, you are too stubborn to accept the reality.
Salil: Ohh, is it so ? Am I not mature enough to take decisions by my own ?
Counsellor : Yes, you are but your parents are well-experienced enough to guide you in proper direction.
Mr Mehta: You see, Salil. You are too immature to think beyond the limits. We want you to be responsible now.
Counsellor: See, your parents are right. But Mrs and Mr Mehta, you are also too possessive to understand him fully.
Mrs Mehta: What! Really ? What should we do now?
Counsellor: You must be patient enough to listen to your kid’s problems. You should suggest him later. Beta, you also need to be cool enough to convince your parents nicely.

2. Read examples and notice the true and false statements as meanings given below them.

Ex. 1 (a)
This mobile phone is too costly for an ordinary rickshaw driver to buy.
(1) It is very cheap. – False
(2) It is very costly but he can buy it. – False
(3) It is very costly and he cannot buy it. – True

Ex. 1 (b)
This mobile phone is not costly enough for a middle class worker to buy.
(1) He can afford it. – True
(2) It is very costly but he can buy it. – False
(3) It is very cheap and he cannot buy it. – False

Ex. 2 (a)
This mobile phone looks delicate enough for a young girl to have it.
(1) It looks very much delicate so that she cannot have it. – False
(2) It looks very much delicate so that she can have it. – True
(3) It does not look very delicate so she can’t have it. – False
(4) The girl has sufficient money to buy this phone. – True

Ex. 2 (b)
This mobile phone looks too delicate for a truck driver to have it.
(1) It looks very much delicate so that he will have it. – False
(2) It looks very much delicate so that he will not have it. – True
(3) It does not look very delicate so he can’t have it. – False
(4) Drivers don’t like/can’t buy such delicate phones. – True

Now, read the sentences taken from F. 1.
Write True for the options with similar meanings.

(1) Kohli was calm enough to play sensibly.
(a) He was very much calm so he played sensibly. – True
(b) He was calm but he didn’t play sensibly.
(c) He was not calm so he played sensibly.
(d) He was quite sensible therefore he played calmly.

(2) The team’s run rate was too slow to chase the winning score.
(a) The team’s run rate was very slow so that they could chase the winning score.
(b) The team’s run rate was not very slow to chase the winning score.
(c) The team’s run rate was very slow so they could not chase the winning score. – True
(d) The team won the match due to their fast play.

(3) Mother is too over-caring to understand Salil.
(a) She is not over-caring to understand him.
(b) She is so over-caring that she doesn’t understand him. – True
(c) She is so over-caring that she understands him.
(d) Due to pampering by his mother, Salil feels that he is not understood well by her.

(4) Salil also needs to be cool enough to convince his parents nicely.
(a) He must be cool so that he can’t convince his parents nicely.
(b) He must be cool so that he can convince his parents nicely. – True
(c) He must not be cool to convince his parents nicely.
(d) He must lose his temper to make his parents understand him.

3. Match ‘A’ with ‘B’Tick mark the sentence similar in meaning.

 ‘A’ ‘B’               ‘ (a) Due to his poor result, John was too sad to say a word. (1) He was so sad that he didn’t/couldn’t speak a word. (2) He was so sad that he said many words. (b) Vedant is too aggressive to listen to his parents. (1) He is so aggressive that he doesn’t like to listen to his parents. (2) He is so aggressive that he always listens to his parents. (c) Samir’s dance performance was impressive enough to win the audience’s hearts. (1) His performance could not win the audience’s hearts. (2) His performance was so impressive that he could win the audience’s hearts.

(a) → (1) (b) → (1) (c) → (2)

Write sentences without changing the meaning and without using ‘too’ or ‘enough’:

Question 1.
The good fortune was too good to last.
The good fortune was so good that it did not last.

Question 2.
Every kid isn’t fortunate enough to have l a bicycle of his own.
Every kid isn’t so fortunate that it can have a bicycle of his own.

4. Read the situation and the two options. Give your advice by writing ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ with a reason using ‘too’ or ‘enough’. An example is given for you.

Example : Mayank earns ₹ 7000 per month,
(a) Should he buy a mobile phone worth ₹ 10,000 ? (No)
Reason: The mobile phone is too costly for him to buy.

(b) Can he pay ₹ 200 as his birthday party bill ? (Yes)
Reason: Mayank has money enough to pay his bill.

(1) Ilyas has scored 52 percent in HSC Science Stream with B Group.

(a) Can he get admission in medical field ? (No)
Reason : His merit is too low. (low)

(b) Can he get admission in B.Sc. ? (Yes)
Reason: He has secured marks enough high to get admission in B.Sc. (high)

(2) Vedant is sitting in a local train to reach Mumbai urgently.

(a) Will he reach there as early as expected ? (No)
Reason : He will not reach there as early as expected because train is too slow, (slow)

(b) Should he take a superfast train to reach there earlier ? (Yes)
Reason: He should take a train fast enough to reach there earlier. (fast)

(3) Vinayak books cabs, tickets and pays bills through online banking.
(a) Is it advisable enough for him to write the password in his diary? (No)
Reason: It is not safe enough for him to write the password in his diary, (safe)

(b) Should he motivate his friends for online banking ? (Yes)
Reason: He should motivate his friends for online banking because it is convenient enough, (convenient)

5. Complete the paragraph using proper words / phrases from the brackets. Use capital letters where needed :

(excellent, they, he, to excel, too, has won, that, clever, enough, she, his, her, such)

Heer is my student ………… is clever ………….. to answer any question. She is an extraordinarily clever student. On the contrary,………. brother Neel is not ………. a ………. student like her. ………. is ………. dull ………. in any exam. But he is a good sports person. He is so ………. in sports ………. he ………. many competitions ………. attitude remains positive about health and life. Though they are good at different activities,………. help each other.
Heer is my student. She is clever enough to answer any question. She is an extraordinarily clever student. On the contrary, her brother Neel is not such a clever student as she is He is too dull to excel in any exam. But he is a good sports person. He is so excellent in sports that he has won many competitions. His attitude remains positive about health and life. Though they are good at different activities, they help each other.

We went for a long walk in the evening. After a while, Jenish was too tired to walk further. He had to hire a cab. Unfortunately, none had any money and we had forgotten to bring any ATM cards with us. We became too frustrated to think of any option.  Luckily, one of our friends – Muneer appeared and he gave us money. Jenish was too happy to express his feelings. He was too overjoyed not to hug our friend – Muneer.

Rewrite the above paragraph without using ‘too’ and ‘enough’. See that the meaning doesn’t change.

We went for a long walk in the evening. After a while Jenish was so tired that he could not walk any further. He had to hire a cab. Unfortunately, none had any money and we had forgotten to bring any ATM cards with us. We became so frustrated that we could not think of any option. Luckily one of our friends – Muneer appeared and he gave us money. Jenish was so happy that he could not express his feelings. He was so overjoyed that he hugged our friend – Muneer.

7. Read this dialogue. Pay attention to the underlined words.

Ami: Hi, dear. I was waiting for you the whole day. You didn’t come online then.
Ravi : Sorry, yaar. I was so busy with the project that I could not spare time.
Ami: Oh, really. Good excuse. You are so smart that you can convince anybody.
Ravi: Is it so ? Thanks then.
Ami: But …. You can’t convince me as I am not so innocent that I will accept what you say.
Ravi: Ok Baba. Will be online tonight.
This time, use ‘too’ and ‘enough’ and rewrite the statements without changing the meaning.
Ami: Hi dear. I was waiting for you the whole day. You didn’t come online then.
Ravi: Sorry, yaar. I was too busy with the project to spare time.
Ami: Oh, really. Good excuse. You are smart enough to convince anybody.
Ravi: Is it so ? Thanks then.
Ami: But… you can’t convince me as I am not innocent enough to accept what you say.
Ravi: Ok Baba. Will be online tonight.

(1) Jenish was so tired that he could not walk further.
Jenish was such a tired boy that he could not walk further.

(2) The park is so beautiful that people visit it every now and then.
It is such a beautiful park that people visit it every now and then.

Write the sentences using ‘such … that’ You can add a suitable noun.

(1) You are too young a boy to cast your vote.
You are such a young boy that you cannot cast your vote.

(2) He is so old a person that the driving license cannot be issued.
You are such an old person that the driving licence cannot be issued.

(3) Meera was bold enough to slap that eve-teaser.
Meera was such a bold person that she slapped the eve-teaser.

(4) His result was so nice that he got admission in that college.
He got such a nice result that he will get admission in that college.

9. Read the questions and complete the answers using the word/s given in the brackets using ‘too’, ‘enough’, ‘so… that’.

Example:
Anwer:
No, I am busy enough not to join you. (busy)

1. Did the children play on that road ?
No, that road was too dusty to play, (dusty)

2. Should Medhavi work hard for the next exam ?
Yes, her result in the first exam was enough dull, (dull)

3. Can that machine be operated by this operator ?
No, the machine is too rusty to be operated. (rusty)

4. Should Vivek ride his bike slowly ?
Yes, there is too much traffic not to get hurt, (traffic, hurt)

5. Do you visit banks for money transactions ?
Generally I don’t, as online banking is convenient enough, (convenient)

10. Compose a paragraph on each situation using ‘too’, ‘enough’, ‘so … that’, ‘such … that’, etc.

(a) Shashank wants to sell his old vehicle on OLX. He has to describe his vehicle for getting better selling price.
I have an old car. Its brand name is Fiat. It is too strong not to bear weight on its top. It is spacious enough to accommodate five persons. The engine is in so good condition that one can travel 400 km without stopping.

The tyres are strong enough to run long distance without getting heated. The focus of the head light is too bright not to clear darkness for at least 1 km. Its sky blue colour is too good to miss attracting one’s attention. It is such a good car that one would not regret spending money on it.

(b) Two friends converse praising their pet animals. Write a dialogue.
Dhruv: Rocky is my pet dog. It is too strong. It is courageous enough to keep thieves away.
Ruthvij : Harry my pet dog is too small to keep thieves away. But it is playful enough by nature.
Dhruv: Dogs are meant to watch the house. They should be ferocious enough to keep the strangers away.
Ruthvij : My dog is too attractive not to draw the attention of a passer-by.
Dhruv: My dog keeps the unwanted people away.

11. (A) Work in groups of six or seven. Match A with B and write at least four sentences for each item as shown in the example. Mark your time to find out which group completed it first.

Example : smooth-hilly to walk
(1) This road was smooth enough to walk.
(2) The road was so smooth that they could walk properly.
(3) It was such a smooth road that they could walk properly.
(4) This road was too hilly for them to walk comfortably
(5) This road was so hilly that they could not walk comfortably.
(6) It was such a hilly road that they could not walk comfortably.

 ‘A’ ‘B’ 1. rich-poor to carry 2. tall-short to run fast 3. dull-clever to catch a bus 4. fat-thin to answer the questions 5. heavy-light to reach the shelf 6. slow-fast to pay fess

1. rich-poor – to pay fees
(1) Bhalchandra is too rich not to pay his fees.
(2) Gurprit is so rich that he cannot pay his fees.
(3) Bhalchandra is rich enough to pay the fees.
(4) For Gurprit it was such a difficult task that he could not take care of his fees.

2. tall-short – to reach the shelf
(1) He is not so tall that he can reach the shelf.
(2) He is too short to reach the shelf.
(3) The shelf was not so high for the tall boy that he could not reach easily.
(4) The boy was tall enough to reach the shelf.

3. dull-clever – to answer the questions
(1) He was too dull to answer the questions.
(2) He was so dull that he could not answer the questions.
(3) The student was clever enough to answer 7 the questions.
(4) He was such a clever student that he could answer questions easily.

4. fat-thin – to run fast
(1) The competitor was too fat to run fast.
(2) The competitor was thin enough to run fast.
(3) The competitor was so fat that he could not run fast.
(4) The competitor was such a thin person that he could easily run fast.

5. heavy-light – to carry
(1) The luggage was too heavy for the traveller to carry.
(2) The bag was so light that the student could easily carry it.
(3) The victim of the accident was light enough to be carried to the hospital.
(4) It was such a heavy coffin that even six persons could not carry it.

6. slow-fast – to catch a bus
(1) The bus was running too fast for the boy to catch it.
(2) The thief was so slow that he could not catch the bus to escape.
(3) The boy ran fast enough to catch the bus.
(4) He ran with such a slow speed that he was not able to catch the bus.

(B) Read the sentences. Fill in the blanks with names from your own class.

(a) Suresh / Sidhi is so friendly that he / she can make new friends easily.
(b) Gaurav is kind enough to help even a stranger.
(c) Nirmal is too introvert to communicate with any.
(d) Gautam / Geeta has such a beautiful handwriting that he/she is liked by all teachers.
You must be having some students with the qualities mentioned here. Identify those students and frame sentences as given in F. 11 (B).
(clever, helpful, extrovert, tall, strong, proactive, understanding, punctual, polite, adjusting, co-operative and more)
(1) Narendra is too clever to indulge in foolish activities.
(2) Pandurang is helpful enough to look after the poor.
(3) Naina is too extrovert not to give a stage performance.
(4) Shakuntala is such a tall girl that she is unable to make herself comfortable in the class.
(5) Madhavi is so strong that she can perform any task assigned to her.
(6) Navneet is proactive enough to find a solution to the rising problems.
(7) Neetish is too understanding not to help the needy.
(8) Bansidhar is such a punctual person || that one can depend on him.
(9) Pushpa is so polite that elderly people like her.
(10) Paritosh has enough adjusting nature to accommodate any new comer.
(11) Hitesh is too cooperative not to make his classmates like him.

12 Read the pairs and tick mark if they are similar in meaning. If not, rewrite the second sentence to make it similar.

Question 1.
Dhanpura is too small as a village for a bank to open its branch here.
Dhanpura is such a small village that any bank will open its branch here.
Dhanpura is such a small village that no bank will open its branch here.

Question 2.
The maintenance of this bike is low enough to attract more buyers.
This maintenance-free bike doesn’t attract any buyers.
This maintenance-free bike attracts more buyers.

Question 3.
She is not fast enough to win the race in Khel Mahakumbh.
Hemangini is such a fast runner that she will win the race in Khel Mahakumbh.
Hemangini is fast enough to win the race in Khel Mahakumbh.

Question 4.
APJ Abdul Kalam had such an effective personality that people still love him. People still love Dr Kalam for his charismatic personality.
People still love Dr Kalam for his charismatic personality.

Writing

Question 1.
Describe your favourite cartoon series in about 100 words. You can use these points.
(Name of the show-main character – creator of the show – storyline / theme-Why do you like it?)
‘Mickey Mouse’ is not only my favourite show but also of many other viewers. The main character of the show is a mouse. This show and its character was the creation of Walt Disney. He was highly imaginative and industrious. In spite of failures he never gave up efforts to innovate that could entertain the children and the grownups.

The main contents of the show always portrays how the mouse is clever enough to find for itself. It also escapes many attempts made by its enemies to kill him. The show is liked by one and all because it creates humour and fun as a result of clever activities. It is not ordinary. It is very active and clever. Walt Disney creation of the series was appreciated by all.

Question 2.
Draw or Paste an image of your favourite Walt Disney cartoon character, and write a note answering these questions.

• When were you introduced to this character ?
• Through which medium (book or movies) were you familiarized with this character and who introduced it to you?
• Do you find any similarity in traits between that character and yourself or people you know around you ? Describe one incident how it is similar.

• I was introduced to this character at a very early age.
• I was familiarized to this character through books. I was introduced to it by a childhood friend of mine.

• I like the adventures performed by this character.
• Since guests had come, mother asked us (brothers) to avoid feasting on a piece of cheese.
• One of my brothers was interested in having the piece for himself as I wanted. Both of us tried to get the piece and finally I succeeded in having the piece for myself.

Question 3.
As a newspaper reporter if you want to ask five interview questions to Walt Disney, what would they be ?
Example : How old is Mickey Mouse this year ?
(1) Why did you think of a mouse and not any other creature to work on ?
(2) What made you think that you will get such an overwhealming success by creating the character of Mickey Mouse ?
(3) Had you conceived Disneyland as your dream-project or just a tryout?
(4) Suppose you are asked to prepare another dream-project, what would you like to work on ?
(5) Do you think that Mickey Mouse is presented in various media as you had conceived home

Activity

1. Visit some websites to know more about Disney and his world of imagination
(a) http://thewaltdisneycompany.com
(b) www.waltdisney.org
Find out interesting things which are not mentioned in Read – 1. Present them before the class using powerpoint presentation / chart.

Note: Students will collect this information browsing on net and prepare the presentation. They will present the presentation / chart using powerpoint in their classroom.

### Shaper Shaped Summary in Gujarati

પરિચય કવિશ્રી હરીન્દ્રનાથ ચટ્ટોપાધ્યાય દ્વારા રચાયેલું આ કાવ્ય આપણી કેટલીક શરૂઆતની, અણસમજણની માન્યતાઓ અને કાળક્રમે સાચી વાતનું ભાન થતાં તેમાં આવેલા બદલાવની સૂચક વાત કરે છે. આવી ચાર ઘટનાઓ અહીં નિરૂપાઈ છે.

• એક સમયે ‘હું માટીને ધારું તેમ ઘડી શકું એવો વહેમ ધરાવતો કુંભાર સમય જતાં સ્વીકારે છે કે હું એ ‘ઘડવૈયો નથી, પણ માત્ર ઘડાનાર માટી’ જ છું.

• એક સમયે ‘મારા શબ્દ સામર્થ્યથી માનવ-મનને સ્પર્શી જનાર અગણિત ગીત (કાવ્ય) રચી શકું’ એવા નશામાં મહાલતા કવિને નવું જ્ઞાન લાધતાં એ સ્વીકારવા મજબૂર થઈ જાય છે કે હું ગીત (કાવ્ય)નો રચનાર નહિ, પરંતુ રચાનાર ગીત પોતે જ છું.

• ‘હું સેંકડો યુદ્ધભૂમિમાં ઝળહળતી ફતેહનું કારણ બને એવી તલવારો બનાવી શકું છું.’ એવા વ્યર્થ અભિમાનમાં રાચતો તલવારનો ઘડનાર ઈશ્વરના મૌનનો સાક્ષી બને છે ત્યારે માનવા લાગે છે કે “તલવાર ઘડનાર હું નથી, હું તો ઘડાનાર તલવાર માત્ર છું.’

• વીતેલાં વર્ષોમાં હીરામોતીનાં સપનાંમાં આળોટનારને ઈશ્વરના સાનિધ્યમાં એ વાત સમજાઈ ચૂકી છે. મારાં સપનાં એ માત્ર સપનાં જ છે, સપનાં જોનાર માટે એમનું સાકાર થવું લગભગ અશક્ય છે. આમ, આ કાવ્યમાં ઈશ્વરની વિરાટ શક્તિની સામે ગર્વમાં રાચનાર માનવ કોઈ જ મહત્ત્વ ધરાવતો નથી એવી સભાનતા આણવાનો પ્રયાસ થયો છે.

Glossary (શબ્દાર્થ)

Phrase

brim with (બ્રિમ વિથ) overflow with something – છલકાવું, ઊભરાવું

ભાષાંતર

ભૂતકાળમાં, હું
એક કુંભકાર હતો (અને) માનતો હતો કે
મારી આંગળીઓ લચીલી માટીને
ચાકડા પર જુદા જુદા ઘાટ આપી શકે છે;
પરંતુ હવે, પાછળથી પ્રાપ્ત ડહાપણથી (જાણ્યું કે),
એ ગર્વ ઊતરી ગયો છે;
હું હવે ઘડવૈયો મટી ગયો છું
અને માટી બનવાનું શીખી લીધું છે.
ગત દિવસોમાં,
હું એક કવિ હતો જેની
કલમમાંથી અસંખ્ય કાવ્યો (ગીતો) ઊતરતાં રહેતાં
કે જેમનાથી માનવોનાં દિલ જીતી લેવાતાં;
પણ હવે, નવા લાધેલા જ્ઞાનથી,
કે જે અત્યાર સુધી લાધ્યું નહોતું,
હું કવિ મટી ગયો છું
અને કાવ્ય (ગીત) બનવાનું શીખી લીધું છે.

હું એ સમયે એક કુશળ તલવાર ઘડનાર હતો |
(જોકે) હવે એ (દિવસો) વહી ગયા છે
જે (તલવારો) સેંકડો યુદ્ધભૂમિ પર,
ઝબકી છે, ચમકી છે (વિજયપ્રાપ્તિનું સાધન બની છે);
પણ હવે મારામાં છલકાય છે.
ઈશ્વરની (ભેટરૂપ) એ શાંતિ, કે (આજે)
હું તલવાર ઘડનાર મટી ચૂક્યો છું અને (મું)
શીખી લીધું છે તલવાર બનવાનું.
વીતેલાં (એ) વર્ષોમાં, હું સ્વપ્નોમાં રાચતો રહેતો અને મારો
(પેલાં) નીલમ અને મોતીઓના માલિક હોવાનો
ઘમંડ સતત ઊભરાતો રહેતો;
પણ હવે હું ઘૂંટણિયે પડું છું
એ સર્વશક્તિમાનનાં ચરણોમાં
હું (હવે) એ સ્વપ્નોમાં રાચનાર મટી ગયો છું.
અને (મું) સ્વપ્ન બનવાનું શીખી લીધું છે. -– હરીન્દ્રનાથ ચટ્ટોપાધ્યાય