Gujarat Board GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Second Language Chapter 4 A Wonderful Creation Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
GSEB Class 10 English Textbook Solutions Chapter 4 A Wonderful Creation (Second Language)
GSEB Class 10 English A Wonderful Creation Text Book Questions and Answers
1. We find endless qualities in a mother. Some qualities are given here. Write about them as shown below. You can also add more qualities you find in your mother.
(1) Mother does unceasing labour housekeeping. She is diligent.
(2) She willingly shares what she has. She is generous.
(3) She combines humour with intelligence. She is witty.
(1) Mother looks after the house and the family. She is dedicated.
(2) Whenever I am ill, she leaves all her work and spends time with me. She is affectionate.
(3) Mother looks after the guests very well. She is hospitable.
(4) I can always depend on my mother for all my needs. I even tell her all my secrets She is reliable.
(5) Mother likes to read a lot. She has a l lot of information about everything. She is knowledgeable.
(6) Mother can manage the house, family and all activities. She is confident.
(7) She enjoys meeting people. She is sociable.
(8) Mother likes to paint and do embroidery, She loves music, too. She is creative.
(9) She also looks after our grandparents’ needs / and medicines. She is caring.
2. Read the Poem
મીઠા મધુ ને મીઠા મેહુલા રે
લોલ, એથી મીઠી તે મોરી માત રે
જનનીની જોડ સખી! નહીં જડે રે લોલ.
પ્રભુના એ પ્રેમતણી પૂતળી રે લોલ,
જગથી જૂદેરી એની જાત રે … જનનીની
અમીની ભરેલ એની આંખડી રે લોલ,
વ્હાલનાં ભરેલાં એના વેણ રે … જનનીની
હાથ ગૂંથેલ એના હીરના રે લોલ,
હૈયું હેમંત કેરી હેલ રે … જનનીની
દેવોને દૂધ એનાં દોહ્યલા રે લોલ,
શશીએ સિંચેલ એની સોડ્ય રે … જનનીની
જગનો આધાર એની આંગળી રે લોલ,
કાળજામાં કૈંક ભર્યા કોડ રે … જનનીની
ચિત્તડું ચડેલ એનું ચાકડે રે લોલ,
પળના બાંધેલ એના પ્રાણ રે … જનનીની
મૂંગી આશિષ ઉરે મલકતી રે લોલ,
લેતા ખૂટે ન એની લહાણ રે … જનનીની
ધરતી માતા એ હશે ધ્રૂજતી રે લોલ,
અચળા અચૂક એક માય રે … જનનીની
ગંગાનાં નીર તો વધે ઘટે રે લોલ,
સરખો એ પ્રેમનો પ્રવાહ રે … જનનીની
વરસે ઘડીક વ્યોમવાદળી રે લોલ,
માડીનો મેઘ બારે માસ રે … જનનીની
ચળતી ચંદાની દીસે ચાંદની રે લોલ,
એનો નહિ આથમે ઉજાસ રે જનનીની
જોડ સખી! નહીં જડે રે લોલ.
– દામોદર ખુશાલદાસ બોટાદકર
List the characteristic of the Mother from the poem. With whom / what is the mother compared
In this poem, the poet has tried to ( compare a mother to many things. But at the end of each comparison, he says that a mother is matchless. She is beyond comparison.
Some of the characteristics of a mother that are mentioned in the poem are as follows:
- She is sweet.
- She is unmatched – beyond comparison.
- She is the gift of God.
- She is different from the rest.
- Her eyes are full of love.
- Her words are full of affection.
- She has endless blessings for her children.
- Her love is eternal.
Here are some words.
complain – complaint
imagine – imagination
inspect – inspection
endure – endurance
feed – food
declare – declaration
1. (A) Tick mark [✓] the sentences with the proper forms of the expressions correctly used. If not, put a [x] and correct them.
(1) Our post office receives 25 complaints of loss of letters every day. [✓]
(2) A painter drew a nice picture. His imagine is excellent. [x]
A painter drew a nice picture. His imagination is excellent.
(3) Our principal never neglects students’ complaints. [✓]
(4) The Inspector came to our school for inspect. [x]
The Inspector came to our school for inspection.
(5) I like Punjabi feed because it is very tasty. [x]
I like Punjabi food because it is very tasty.
(6) Nowadays people have no ability of endurance. [✓]
(B) Underline the proper forms of the words to make meaningful sentences.
Example : Australia made 437 runs. Everybody was eagerly waiting for the (declaration / declare) of the innings.
(1) We expected 50 guests. But we had only thirty. Our (calculate / calculation) went wrong.
(2) Buses are overcrowded these days. Do you have a (reservation /reserve) ?
(3) Exams are round the corner. How is your (prepare / preparation) ?
(4) An angel was present at the time of the (create / creation) of a mother.
(5) There is something wrong with my bike. It needs (repairing / repair).
(6) The (refuse / refusal) of my friend’s proposal disappointed me.
(7) This book is very (interesting/interest).
(8) I like Gujarati (food/feed).
(9) Last week Khaleda (complained / complaint) of headache.
2. Pair the sentences focusing on the meanings of the underlined words.
1.As a mathematician Ramanujam is a genius. [b] — a. I always adjust myself in every situation.
2. Rustom always compromises with me. [a] — b. Sachin is a talented cricketer.
3. Dipti always utters the truth in every situation. [d] — c. Jenil endures his younger brother’s misbehaviour.
4. My brother is ill. [e] — d. Birva always speaks frankly with all.
5. Vishakha tolerates her husband’s bad mood. [c] — e. Naitik is very sick now.
3. Write ‘Yes’ in the brackets if the sentence is correct according to the text. Write ‘No’ in the brackets and correct it without changing the underlined words.
Example: When I was working with full concentration my friend appeared. [Yes]
(1) God gives her a speciality to see all secret things without opening them. [Yes]
(2) The doctor will heal himself when he is sick. [Yes]
(3) Chintu misbehaved badly. So the teacher was impressed.
Chintu behaved nicely. So the teacher was impressed. [No]
(4) Nilofar always compromises with her family as she is the oldest member. [Yes]
(5) Examinations are round the corner.
The students have to pay attention to their studies. [Yes]
(6) Rama performs her duties without getting irritated. [Yes]
4. Match A with B to make phrases. Use each phrase in a sentence.
|Part A||Part B|
Example: closer to
The engineer went closer to the model.
(1) tears for
“What are the tears for?” asked Mohan.
(2) care of
Nitin takes good care of his grandparents.
(3) details about
Can you tell me the details about this TV ?
(4) works with ?
Rohit works with a lot of sincerity.
5. Frame correct sentences with the help of words in bold.
(1) Malaria is the reason / result of dirty water.
Malaria is the result of dirty water.
(2) Vishakha saw a strange bird. She looks happy / puzzled.
Vishakha saw a strange bird. She looks puzzled.
(3) My teacher scolded me. I calmed down / got irritated.
My teacher scolded me. I got irritated.
(4) The topic of indirect speech was difficult.
So the teacher complained / explained it two times.
The topic of indirect speech was difficult.
So the teacher explained it two times.
(5) The student urged / ordered his teacher for a leave.
The student urged his teacher for a leave.
6. Find out the words with similar meanings and use them in your own sentences.
Example : Bhim gave a powerful blow to Bakasur.
Can you please simplify this topic for me ?
What is the cause of earthquakes ?
(c) very much
(d) lots of
Was father angry ? Yes, very much.
(c) very much
What was the teacher’s remark about your marks ?
Mohan has rejected his friend’s proposal to do the project together.
1. Classify the information in the table. What facilities has God provided to the mother ?
|What (The facilities)||Why (The purpose for the facilities)|
|(1) moveable and replaceable parts||to heal herself when she is sick|
|(2) a lap||for her children|
|(3) a kiss||to cure everything|
|(4) six pairs of hands||to manage children and family|
|( 5 ) three pairs of eyes||to look after her children, to see all secret things, to tell her children ‘I love you’.|
|(6) toughness||to run on any food available, to think, reason and compromise|
2. Tick mark the most appropriate options.
The angel was very much eager to know…
A. what the Lord was doing.
B. why the creation was still imperfect.
C. about the details of God’s creation.
D. about the importance of mother’s kiss.
C. about the details of God’s creation.
The Lord planned to give six pairs of hands ? so that she can…
A. look after her family.
B. do the homework of her children.
C. rim her family with limited resources.
D. efficiently manage her family.
D. efficiently manage her family.
Besides thinking, a mother has an ability …
A. to manage all her household work.
B. to argue and compromise.
C. to challenge anybody.
D. to endure anything.
B. to argue and compromise.
What is the greatest virtue of a mother ?
A. kindness and tenderness.
B. polite and loving nature.
C. love for children.
D. ability to manage all her duties.
D. ability to manage all her duties.
3. Rewrite the text replacing the underlined words with those given in the brackets.
(food, pair of hands, stands up, to run, a kiss, a broken leg, all parts, replaceable, brain, : repairable)
Her body should be moveable and flexible. She has a lap that disappears when she sleeps or sits. I have to put lips that can cure everything from an injured leg to a broken heart. Moreover, she has to have six heads. She is able to walk on any path available.
Her all parts should be moveable and replaceable. She has a lap that disappears when she stands up. I have to put a kiss that can cure everything from a broken leg to a broken heart. Moreover, she has to have six pairs of hands. She is able to run on any food available.
4. Some statements about the creation of mother are given. Say whether they are True or False. If false, correct and rewrite them in the space provided.
(1) Mothers have self-curing power. – True
(2) The good Lord easily decided on how and where to put the three pairs of eyes. – False
The three pairs of eyes was a big problem for the good Lord.
(3) Mother’s eyes quickly understand the feelings and emotions of her children. -True
(4) The tears of mother are incomparable. -True
(5) The tears of mother are for joy as well. -True
(6) Mother really needs so many things to manage her kitchen. – False
Mother can run her kitchen on any food available.
(7) The kiss of a mother can heal a broken head. – True
(8) The Lord needed the advice of the angel so he called him. – False
The angel appeared when the Lord was working.
(9) The good Lord created the perfect model of mother in a day. – False
The good Lord worked day and night for six days to create the perfect model of mother.
(10) The Lord put the tear in mother’s eyes. – False
The Lord did not know where the tear came from. It was a miracle.
5. You are playing the role of an angel and your partner is playing the role of a creator-the God. Complete the conversation in your words. Use information from the text. You can begin like this :
You (The angel):Oh, Good Lord, you seem to be very busy.
Your partner (The God): Yes, dear! Come in.
You: What are you doing here with such great concentration, my Lord ?
Your partner: I am creating a mother. Do you want to know the details ?
You : Yes, of course.
Your partner : All her parts should be moveable , and replaceable. She has a lap that disappears when she gets up. Her kiss can cure anything from a broken leg to a broken heart. She has six pairs of hands. She can run her kitchen on any food available. And she should have three pairs of eyes.
You: That’s impossible to create. Six pairs of f hands ! Three pairs of eyes !
Your partner: Yes. Six pairs of hands is not a problem. It’s the three pairs of eyes that is confusing me.
You : Well, I can imagine ! But what are the three I pairs of eyes for ?
Your partner: One pair that sees her children through closed doors. Another pair to look at the children and say, ‘I understand and I love you. without uttering a word. And the ! third pair to see all secret things without opening them.
You: Oh Lord! This is so difficult. Please take I some rest. This cannot be done in one day.
Your partner: Oh, no ! I cannot rest. I have almost finished my work. I have put the best ideas in this creation, This mother will heal herself when she is sick. She would be able to feed a family of six members I only on half a kilo of cabbage. And she would manage a child’s bath, play, study, food and sleep without getting irritated.
You: (Touching the model of mother.) It is too soft, Lord.
Your partner: Yes, but tough, too. You cannot imagine what she can do and endure.
You : Can mother think ?
You : Well, she can/not only think, but can reason and compromise too.
Your partner : That’s amazing, Lord! (Touching the cheek of the mother…) Oh, Lord! Something is wrong.
Look, her eyes are leaking!
You: How did that happen ?! It is a tear. But I have not put it there. It is a miracle. I am so surprised myself!
Your partner: What is a tear for, Lord ?
You: It is unique. It could be for pain, or joy, or pride, or disappointment, or loneliness.
Your partner : Lord ! What a wonderful creation this is!
6. Frame a question to get the underlined word as the answer.
Example : The Lord was working with full concentration.
How was the Lord working ?
(1) All her parts should be movable and replaceable.
What should be special about all her parts ?
(2) A mother’s kiss can cure everything from a broken leg to a broken heart.
What can a mother’s kiss cure ?
(3) The Lord was thinking about three pairs of eyes.
I What was the Lord thinking about?
(4) The Lord wanted the mother to have six l pairs of hands.
What did the Lord want the mother to have ?
(5) The angel moved his finger across the cheek of the model and knew that the model of a mother was very soft.
How did the angel know that the model ‘ of a mother was very soft ?
(6) The angel requested the Lord to go to bed. What did the angel request the Lord?
7. Write short notes
Mother – A Wonderful Creation
(parts – movable – kiss – lap – six pairs of hands – three pairs of eyes – model – feed her family – eyes leaking – tears – unique)
Mother is a wonderful creation of God. When God created mother, he wanted all her parts to be movable and replaceable. Her lap disappears when she stands up. Her kiss can cure everything from a broken leg to a broken heart.
God wanted to give her six pairs of hands to manage her children ‘and family, without getting irritated. She would be able to run on any food available. God also wanted to give her three pairs of eyes. One pair that sees her children through closed doors. Another pair to look at the children and say, ‘I understand and I love you.’
without uttering a word. And the third pair to see all secret things without opening them. When the model was ready, her eyes started leaking. It was unique. It was a miracle. That was a tear. It could be for pain, or joy, or pride, or disappointment, or loneliness.
Qualities found in a mother
(kiss-cure broken heart-heal herself-feed a family of six members – reason – argue – compromise – manage nine-year old child – strong – endurance – tough)
God gave unique qualities to mother. Her kiss can cure everything from a broken leg to a broken heart. She can heal herself when she is sick. She can feed a family of six members only on half a kilo of cabbage.
She can manage a child’s bath, play, study, food and sleep without getting irritated. Though she looks soft, she is tough. No one can imagine what she can do and endure. A mother can not only think, but can reason and compromise too.
8. Imagine that you are creating a wonderful father / a wonderful teacher. Think : What will you provide ? Why ? (work in pairs)
Father-A Wonderful Creation
|What facilities will you provide?||Why? (purpose / reason for the facilities)|
|(1) Two pairs of hands||one pair to do his office work and the other pair to play with me|
|(2) Rechargeable parts||to recharge and replace any part when he is tired of his office work, so that he always remains fresh|
|(3) Two pairs of eyes||one pair to keep an eye on his office work and the other to enjoy reading, watching TV, etc.|
|(4) Ability to work tirelessly and never fail in anything||to fulfill all his wishes and dreams for the family without getting disappointed or discouraged|
9. Make a list of household work / chores you see your mother doing (work in pairs). Then read out your list in the class. (Classroom / Individual Activity)
Begin in this way: My mother does…
Give your views. You may use your mother tongue.
(1) Generally children are more friendly and closely attached to their mothers. Think of the reasons for such intimate relation.
(2) Recall a memorable incident about you and your mother. Share it with the class.
(3) Work in groups of four or five. Collect some poems /stories / quotations / sayings / proverbs and songs related to mother’s love and greatness and present them in the class.
10. Here are some qualities of a mother. Arrange them in the order of your preference. Arrange from lower to higher. Top is the most preferable.
(1) Mother’s lap
(2) Mother’s kiss
(3) Love and compassion for the family
(4) Wonderful management skill
(6) Manage children’s routine work
(1) Mother’s kiss
(2) Mother’s lap
(3) Love and compassion for the family
(6) Wonderful management skill
(8) Manage children’s routine work
1. Look at these sentences in A and B.
|A (Statements)||B (Instructions, public notices)|
|Someone stole my pen drive.||My pen drive was stolen, (doer unknown)|
|We sell all types of books here.||All types of books are sold here, (doer not important)|
|The SSCE board announces the results.||The results are announced by the SSCE board, (object is more important)|
|The principal will award a gold medal to Manisha.||Manisha will be awarded a gold medal by the principal, (process more important)|
|The city disposes the waste materials in a variety of ways.||The waste materials are disposed in a variety of ways, (doer not important)|
Note : In some sentences the ‘doer’ is not required.
Especially in notices at public places and instructions.
2. Write sentences given in A without mentioning the ‘doer’ in B.
|A (Statements)||B (Instructions, public notices)|
|1. The clerk issues passbooks here.||1. Passbooks are issued here.|
|2. The clerk books tatkal tickets here.||2. Tatkal tickets are booked here.|
|3. The accountant accepts fees at the accounts office.||3. Fees are accepted at the accounts office.|
|4. Authority requests the visitors not to feed animals.||4. Visitors are requested not to feed animals.|
|5. Authority advises passengers not to pack liquid items in suitcases.||5. Passengers are advised not to pack liquid items in suitcases.|
|6. We allow maximum six persons per event.||6. Maximum six persons per event are allowed.|
|7. The principal will declare results of the tournament tomorrow.||7. The results of the tournament will be declared tomorrow.|
3. Study the sentences and find out the emphasis or importance. See how the places are changed when the doer is important and not important.
(a) A rat killed a cat.
(b) A cat was killed by a rat.
|Verb||Who (doer)||What/Whom (receiver)||Addition|
|killed||a rat||a cat||–|
|was killed||a rat||a cat||by|
|Verb||Who (doer)||What /Whom (receiver)||Addition|
|1. (a)Aditya writes poetry.||writes||Aditya||poetry||–|
|1. (b) Poetry is written by Aditya.||is written||Aditya||poetry||by|
|2. (a) Suzan bought this painting.||bought||Suzan||painting||–|
|2. (b) This painting was bought by Suzan.||was bought||Suzan||painting||by|
|3. (a) Shekhar watched a movie.||watched||Shekhar||a movie||—|
|3. (b) A movie was watched by Shekhar.||was watched||Shekhar||a movie||by|
|4. (a) Vedant will direct this play.||will direct||Vedant||play||–|
|4. (b) This play will be directed by Vedant.||will be directed||Vedant||play||by|
|5. (a) The police caught the thief.||caught||the police||the thief||–|
|5. (b) The thief was caught by the police.||was caught||the police||the thief||by|
|6. (a) The chief guest delivered a speech.||delivered||the chief guest||a speech||—|
|6. (b) A speech was delivered by the chief guest.||was delivered||the chief guest||a speech||by|
4. Look at these sentences. Turn the sentences and questions of A type into B type as shown in the examples.
|She eats a mango, (statement)||A mango is eaten by her.|
|Does she eat a mango ? (question)||Is a mango eaten by her ?|
|What does she eat ? (question)||What is eaten by her ?|
|The secretary sent the file yesterday, (statement)||The file was sent by the secretary yesterday.|
|Did the secretary send the file yesterday ? (question)||Was the file sent by the secretary yesterday ?|
|What did the secretary send yesterday ? (question)||What was sent by the secretary yesterday ?|
|1. Aditi directs a play.||1. A play is directed by Aditi.|
|2. Does she direct a play ?||2. Is a play directed by her ?|
|3. What does she direct ?||3. What is directed by her ?|
|4. Meenaben keeps the butter in the fridge.||4. Butter is kept in the fridge by Meenaben.|
|5. Does Meenaben keep the butter in the fridge?||5. 1s the butter kept in the fridge by Meenaben?|
|6. What does Meenaben keep in the fridge ?||6. What is kept in the fridge by Meenaben?|
|7. Neha drinks a glass of milk every morning.||7. A glass of milk is drunk by Neha every morning.|
|8. Does Neha drink a glass of milk every morning ?||8. Is a glass of milk drunk by Neha every morning.|
|9. What does Neha drink every morning ?||9. What is drunk by Neha every morning ?|
|10. Aquib plays cricket in the evening.||10. Cricket is played by Aquib every evening.|
|11. Does Aquib play cricket in the evening ?||11. Is cricket played by Aquib every evening ?|
|12. What does Aquib play in the evening ?||12. What is played by Aquib every evening|
|13. Simran bought a diamond necklace.||13. A diamond necklace was bought by Simran.|
|14. Did Simran buy a diamond necklace ?||14. Was a diamond necklace bought by Simran ?|
|15. What did Simran buy ?||15. What was bought by Simran ?|
|16. Rohit purchased an expensive gift.||16. An expensive gift was purchased by Rohit.|
|17. Did Rohit purchase an expensive gift ?||17. Was an expensive gift purchased by Rohit ?|
|18. What did Rohit purchase ?||18. What was purchased by Rohit ?|
5. Look at the sentences given in A and B :
|1||Divya eats a banana every day.||A banana is eaten by Divya every day.|
|2||Nehal writes letters.||Letters are written by Nehal.|
|3||Javed wears a tie regularly.||A tie is worn by Javed regularly,|
|4||We play cricket every Sunday.||Cricket is played by us very Sunday,|
|5||The principal closed the gates.||The gates were closed by the principal.|
|6||Chintu broke the window yesterday.||The window was broken by Chintu yesterday.|
|7||The children saw the movie.||The movie was seen by the children.|
|8||They grew these trees a few years ago.||These trees were grown by them a few years ago.|
|9||The principal will announce the winners tomorrow.||The winners will be announced by the principal tomorrow.|
|10||The President will deliver a lecture next Monday.||A lecture will be delivered by the President next Monday.|
|11||They will host the events next month.||The events will be hosted by them next month.|
|12||All students will draw a picture in next class.||A picture will be drawn by all the students in next class.|
|13||Shivani has completed the project.||The project has been completed by Shivani.|
|14||I have invested a huge amount of money.||A huge amount of money has been invested by me.|
|15||Mihir and Mona have sent invitations.||Invitations have been sent by Mihir and Mona.|
|16||They have chosen the best movie.||The best movie has been chosen.|
|17||Friends had invited me last night.||I had been invited by friends last night.|
|18||The police had caught all the thieves.||All the thieves had been caught by the police.|
|19||Last ten students had submitted assignments.||Assignments had been submitted by last ten
|20||The house had been cleaned by them.||They had cleaned the house.|
6. Look at this example and observe the placing of words in the blocks. Fill up the blocks for the remaining sentences :
Practise some more sentences from L. 5 Sentence Nos. 3, 7, 9, 10, 14, 15, 18, 20
Divya eats a banana every day.
7. (A) Look at these sentences. Try to match these sentences with the sentences (according to tenses) given in L. 5 (A). Take help of your teacher, if required :
|Sr. No||Looks like L. 5 Column A Sentence No.|
|1.||Parimalbhai offers prayer every morning.||1|
|2.||They practise dance every weekend.||4|
|3.||Radhika sang a song.||7|
|4.||The teachers corrected the mistakes.||5|
|5.||Vikas will buy a new computer next week.||10|
|6.||Everyone will donate clothes in a camp.||12|
|7.||They have cycled five miles.||15|
|8.||Margi has paid the bill.||14|
|9.||She had delivered a lecture.||18|
|10.||They had distributed the books.||20|
7. (B) Now convert these sentences the way shown In L. 5 Column B.
(1) Prayers are offered by Parimalbhai every morning.
(2) Dance is practised by them every weekend.
(3) A song was sung by Radhika.
(4) The mistakes were corrected by the teachers.
(5) A new computer will be bought by Vikas next week.
(6) Clothes will be donated by everyone in a camp.
(7) Five miles have been cycled by them.
(8) The bill has been paid by them.
(9) A lecture had been delivered by her.
(10) The books had been distributed by her.
8. (A) Look at these sentences. Try to match these sentences with the sentences given in L. 5 Column B.
|Sentences||Looks like L. 5 Column B Sentence No.|
|( 1) Letters are typed by her every day.||1 and 4|
|(2) Blue shoes are worn by them.||2|
|(3) The Ramayana was written by Valmiki.||6 and 7|
|(4) The museum was visited by the students.||5|
|(5) The dinner will be made by Sharon tonight.||9|
|(6) The prizes will be distributed by the guests.||10|
|(7) The robot has been designed.||13|
|(8) This rangoli has been prepared.||14|
|(9) The politicians had been interviewed by the reporters.||18|
|(10) All his money had been withdrawn by Firoz.||18 and 20|
(B) Now convert these sentences the way shown in L. 5 Column A.
(1) She types letters every day.
(2) They wear blue shoes.
(3) Valmiki wrote the Ramayana.
(4) The students visited the museum.
(5) Sharon will make the dinner tonight.
(6) The guests will distribute the prizes.
(7) (They) have designed the robot.
(8) (She) has prepared this rangoli.
(9) The reporters had interviewed the politicians.
(10) Firoz had withdrawn all his money.
9. Write into the brackets which sentences are like L. 5 Column A or L. 5 Column B. Convert the Column A type sentences into Column B type. Convert the Column B type sentences into Column A type. Add the ‘doer’ in a sentence if it is not given.
Example : Books are issued here. (B)
The librarian issues books here, (‘doer’ is added here)
(1) Rehana was out in the evening for shopping when she was attacked by a street dog. (B)
Rehana was out in the evening for shopping when a street dog attacked her.
(2) Rehana’s leg was bitten. (B)
The dog bit Rehana’s leg.
(3) She got stitches in two wounds. (A)
Stitches in two wounds had been got by her.
(4) Two days later, her brother admitted Rehana to a hospital. (A)
Two days later, Rehana was admitted to a hospital by her brother.
(5) Even after she was discharged, she was told to take rest for two weeks. (B)
Even after she was discharged, the doctors told her to take rest for two weeks.
(6) Rehana is self-employed and her sickness affected her business. (A)
Rehana is self-employed and her business was affected by her sickness.
(7) Also, the dress and shoes she’d been wearing at the time of attack were ruined by bloodstains. (B)
Also, bloodstains ruined the dress and the shoes she’d been wearing at the time of attack.
(8) Rehana had claimed compensation from the owners of the dog. (A)
Compensation had been claimed from the owners of the dog by Rehana.
10. Read the page from the diary of a student. It describes his / her visit to a jail. However, some sentences are incorrect. Underline the incorrect part and write the correction in the space provided.
(1) I still wonder why I want to experience it. But it was the day today, – wanted
(2) After efforts of a year, I am allowed to visit the Sabarmati Central Jail on the Independence Day today, – was
(3) I am gone there in the morning at 8 a.m and was stayed in the jail till 6 p.m.had gone, stayed
(4) During my ten hours’ stay, I experience I; that there is a life in the jail as well, experienced, was
(5) I was late but the staff tell me that the day started at 6 a.m. with a prayer.-told
(6) There is a place where prisoners from all religions come together and worshipped according to their faith.-was, came
(7) Prayers are follow by light exercises and Yoga. – were followed
(8) Followed by the routines, the prisoners : assigned duties in different jail departments. – routine, were assigned
(9) There are departments like Kitchen, Library,Canteen, Carpentry Workshop,Snacks & Fast Food and Jail Administration in the jail. – were
(10) The prisoners worked in different departments in the morning for three hours.
(11) The lunch was served at 1 p.m. in the dining hall.
(12) The prisoners rest for two hours in the afternoon – rested
(13) At 4 p.m., the prisoners is served tea coffee. – were
(14) The prisoners are free to play or read in the library for one hour in the evening, – were
(15) It was an opportunity of lifetime to visit the cell where Mahatma Gandhi is kept in 1922. – was
(16) It was indeed good to see that there is an atmosphere that helps a person to change in the jail.- was
(17) Only goodness can harvest goodness – reap
(18) The jail authorities are trying all possible ways to help all in the jail become good citizens so that they can also contribute in the growth of the nation. –were, to become, could
11. Read this paragraph. Fill in the blanks using the appropriate verb forms.
The movie-making industry gives (give) away National Film Awards every year to recognize outstanding work of movie actors, directors, and others associated with the industry. These awards are presented (present) in a formal ceremony in Delhi.
The President of India hands over (hand over) the awards. Several people are nominated (nominate) in specific categories, such as Best Movie, Best Actor, Best Music and Best Costumes. One nominee is chosen (choose) to receive an award in each category.
The Awards were first presented (present) in 1954. The National Film Awards are given (give) in two main categories: Feature Films and Non-Feature Films. The Directorate of Film Festivals in India appoints (appoint) the juries.
In addition, a Lifetime Achievement Award, named after the Father of Indian Cinema, Dadasaheb Phalke is awarded (award) to a film personality for the outstanding contribution to the growth and development of Indian Cinema. Millions of people watch (watch) the award ceremony. The record for the highest number of awards is held (hold) by Satyajit Ray.
1. How would you help your mother in her daily work ?
(A) Make a list of work your mother does.
(B) Make a list of work you can do to help your mother.
(A)What my mother does.
(1) Gets up early and prepares tea and breakfast for the family.
(2) Prepares our lunch boxes.
(3) Irons our clothes.
(4) Puts the clothes in the washing machine, dries them on the clothes line and folds them when they are dry.
(5) Prepares lunch, dinner and our favourite dishes.
(6) Serves us lunch and dinner.
(7) Waters the plants.
(8) Goes to the market to buy vegetables, fruits and grocery
(9) Helps us with our homework and project work.
(10) Looks after the house.
(B) What I can do to help my mother…
(1) Help her in making breakfast and tea.
(2) Fill our lunch boxes.
(3) Iron clothes.
(4) Serve lunch and dinner to the family.
(5) Water the plants.
(6) Go to the market with her and help her.
(7) Do my own homework and project work.
2. Write a paragraph on ‘The Taj Mahal – A Splendid Creation’. Use this data.
an ivory-white marble mausoleum ’- on the south bank of the Yamuna’ river in Agra – the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal – opened in 1648 – Mughal and s Iranian architecture – white marble with semi precious stones – central dome of 240 feet (73 metres) surrounded by four smaller domes-four 1 slender minarets, beautiful gardens with ; fountains – architects: Ustad Ahmad Lahouri, Ustad Isa-more than 20,000 workers from India, Persia, Europe and the Ottoman Empire-some 1,000 ; elephants worked for around two decades – burials : Mumtaz Mahal, Shah Jahan, Gauharara Begum.
The Taj Mahal-A Splendid Creation
The Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world. It was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, in the memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum. It is situated on the south bank of the Yamuna river in Agra.
It was opened in 1648. The Taj Mahal is a beautiful illustration of Mughal and Iranian architecture. It is built using white marble, with semi-precious stones. The central dome is 240 feet (73 metres) high and it is surrounded by four smaller domes. There are four slender minarets around the structure.
It is said that the architects of the Taj Mahal were Ustad Ahmad Lahouri and Ustad Isa. They employed more than 20,000 workers from India, Persia, Europe and the Ottoman Empire. About 1,000 elephants worked for around two decades to complete this huge structure.
There are beautiful gardens with fountains. It adds to the beauty of this magnificent structure. It is said that not only Mumtaz Mahal, but Shah Jahan and Gauharara Begum are also buried here. Indeed, the Taj Mahal is a splendid creation of man.
3. Write a paragraph in about a hundred words on : The Problems of Homemakers. You may use these points.
(most important role in the family -expectations of everybody – endless work-rising early before everyone else and going to bed late after everyone else – no holidays – problems at home – dedication and tireless work-usually not appreciated – not respected as working women are – selfless love for family motivates – wish for help and support from family members – desire for a vacation from household work)
Homemaker – a person who makes a house a home. A mother, a housewife, a homemaker. Call her what you may, but you can never imagine the work done by a homemaker. A homemaker plays the most important role in a family. She works tirelessly to fulfill the expectations of each and every member of the family. Her work is endless.
She gets up early in the morning before everyone else. She prepares tea and breakfast for the whole family. She takes care of the needs of her husband and children. She sees to it that they are never late to office or school.
A homemaker works tirelessly from morning to late night. Even on holidays! Even if she is not well, she will still do all her duties lovingly. A homemaker dedicates her life to her home and family. But often her work is never appreciated by her family. Sometimes, she dedication and sacrifice are taken for granted by everyone. Her only motivation is her love for her family.
I wish we understand and appreciate a homemaker. Each of us should help her in her work. She should have holidays, too. She should be able to enjoy free time, just like we all do.
4. Narrate an incident when you hurt your mother.
It was the time of my annual exam. I was preparing for my Maths exam. Maths has never been my favourite subject. So I was nervous and tensed. I could not sleep that night. So I got up late that day.
Mother called me for breakfast. I shouted angrily that I had no time as I was getting late. Mother did not say anything. She brought milk and breakfast to my room. I again got angry with her for not waking me up early.
“But you said you had set the alarm,” she reminded me. She was right. But I was in no mood to listen to anyone. I looked at the breakfast and made a dirty face.
“Oh, no! Idlis again! I don’t like idlis at all. Can’t you ever make something tasty for me ?” I grumbled. “But last night you said you wanted to have idlis for breakfast!” mother said. She looked hurt. Yes, she was right. I quickly had my breakfast and left without saying bye to mother.
1. Read the extracts and answer the questions.
(1) The good Lord was extremely busy that day. He was into his sixth day of overtime. When he was working with full concentration, an angel appeared and commented, “You are taking so much care for creating this creature.”
Why was the Lord extremely busy?
The Lord was extremely busy because the was creating a creature and was into the sixth day of overtime.
The angel commented that….
The angel commented that the Lord was taking so much care for creating the creature.
(2) “That’s true,” said the Lord. “Do you want to know the details ?” “What are they ?” the angel was curious. “All her parts should be movable and replaceable too. She has a lap that disappears when she stands up. I have to endow her with a kiss that can cure everything – from a broken leg to a roken heart. Moreover, she has to have six pairs of hands. She must be able to run on any food available and should ave three pairs of eyes.”
Who was curious to know the details ?
The angel was curious to know the details
What does the Lord say about her parts ?
The Lord says that all her parts should be movable and replaceable.
She has a lap….
She has a lap that disappears when she stands up.
What can her kiss do ?
Her kiss can cure everything – from a broken leg to a broken heart.
How many hands and eyes should she have ?
She should have six pairs of hands and three pairs of eyes.
(3) The angel shook his head slowly and said, “A mighty impossible task, I suppose. Six pairs of hands? No way!” “No, these hands are not a problem for me. It is the three pairs of eyes that the mothers have to have.” The Lord looked puzzled. “Oh, so you are creating a standard model of a mother ? But three pairs of eye ? What for ?” the angel got interested. “One pair that sees her children through closed doors. Another pair to look at the children and say, ‘I understand and I love you.’ without uttering a word. And the third pair to see all secret things with out opening them.”
What was a problem for the Lord?
Giving three pairs of eyes to the mother was a problem for the Lord.
What was the Lord creating?
The Lord was creating a standard model of a mother.
What will the first pair of eyes do ?
The first pair of eyes will see the children through closed doors.
What will the second pair of eyes do ?
The second pair of eyes will look at the children and say ‘I understand and love you’ without uttering a word.
What will the third pair of eyes do ?
The third pair of eyes will see all secret things without opening them.
(4) “Lord !” requested the angel. “Please go to bed, do not take so much trouble in a single day.”
“I cannot,” He refused. “I have almost completed the work. I have put the best s of my ideas into this model. Now this mother will heal herself when she is sick. She would be able to feed a family of six members only on half a kilo of cabbage. And she would manage a child’s s bath, play, study, food and sleep without ? getting irritated.”
What did the angel request the Lord?
The angel requested the Lord to go to bed and not take so much trouble in one day.
Why did the Lord refuse to rest?
The Lord refused to rest because / he had almost completed his work and had put the best of his ideas into the model.
The mother will when she is sick.
The mother will heal herself when she is sick.
The mother would manage….
The mother would manage a child’s bath, play, study, food and sleep without getting irritated.
The mother would be able to feed….
The mother would be able to feed a family of six members only on half a kilo of cabbage.
(5) The angel went round the model of the mother very slowly. He touched it and said, “It’s too soft.” “But very tough,” said the Lord excited. “You cannot imagine what this mother can do and endure.” “Can it think?” “Not only can she think but can reason and compromise too,” said the Lord.
What did the angel feel about the model of the mother ?
The angel felt that the mother was too soft.
Why did the Lord say that the model of the mother was tough ?
The Lord said that the model of the mother was rough because no one could imagine what she can do and endure.
The mother can not only think….
The mother can not only think but can reason and compromise too.
(6) The angel was impressed. He went closer to the model and moved his finger across the cheek.
“Oh Lord, her eyes are leaking!”
“How did this happen ? It must be a tear. I have not put it there. It is a miracle !” The Lord exclaimed.
“But, what is a tear for, my Lord?”
“It is something unique. May be it
is for pain, for joy, pride, disappointment,
loneliness,” the Lord explained.
“What a wonderful creation!”
What are tears for ?
Tears may be for pain, joy, pride, disappointment or loneliness.
Why was the Lord surprised on seeing a tear?
The Lord was surprised on seeing a tear because He had not put it’ and it was a miracle.
2. Frame sentences using the given set of words. You may change the forms of the words.
(1) busy – overtime
Amit is very busy because he has to work overtime to complete the project.
(2) curious – details
Everyone was curious to know the details of the computer.
(3) task – impossible
The task of completing the work before time is difficult but not impossible.
(4) request – utter – trouble
Soham requested his friend not to utter a word about the accident otherwise they would get into trouble.
(5) hesil – sick
Can prayers heal the sick?
(6) manage – irritate
Only a mother can manage the house without getting irritated.
(7) endure – imagine
No one can imagine how much a woman can endure.
(8) creation – impress
The visitors were impressed by the beautiful creations of the artist.
(9) wonderful – unique
The Rani ki Vaav is a wonderful and unique structure.
3. Fill in the blanks selecting the correct
words from the brackets.
(1) (requested, manage, disappointment, irritated)
The teacher could not manage the students. She was irritated. She requested the principal to help her. The principal expressed his disappointment with the teacher.
(2) (disappear, curious, puzzled, refused)
The magician made the ball disappear. Some children were puzzled. Some were curious to know the trick. But the magician refused to tell them the secret.
(3) (commented, compromise, extremely, utter) Mr Sharma was extremely busy. His wife commented that he did not have time for the family. She said that she would no longer compromise. But Mr Sharma did not utter a word.
(4) (impressed, concentration, looked at, problems)
The teacher asked the students to study with concentration. She was ready to solve all their problems. The students were impressed with the teacher. They looked at her with admiration.
(5) (tough, excited, wonderful, impossible)
All the players were excited. They had got a wonderful opportunity to prove how tough they were. It was impossible to defeat them.
(6) (trouble, task, pride, creation)
All the children have worked hard to complete this model of a robot. It was a difficult task and the children went through a lot of trouble to complete it in a short time. They will exhibit their creation with a lot of pride.
4. Write short notes using the given points.
Details of the Wonderful Creation
(movable and replaceable parts – her lap – her kiss – six pairs of hands – run on any food available – three pairs of eyes – tears)
Mother is a wonderful creation of God. When God created mother, he wanted all her parts to be movable and replaceable. Her lap disappears when she stands up. Her kiss can cure everything from a broken leg to a broken heart. She would have six pairs of hands to manage her children and family, without getting irritated.
She would be able to run on any food available. She would have three pairs of eyes. One pair that sees her children through closed doors. Another pair to look at the children and say, ‘I understand and I love you.’ without, uttering a word. And the third pair to see all secret things without opening them. Her tears could be for pain, or joy, or pride, or disappointment, or loneliness.
Qualities found in mothers
(her kiss – run on any food available – feed family of six only on half a kilo of cabbage – heal herself – her eyes – manage a child without getting irritated – tough-not only think but can reason and compromise too)
God gave unique qualities to mother. Her j; kiss can cure everything from a broken s leg to a broken heart. She can run on any food available. She can feed a family of six members only on half a kilo of cabbage. She can heal herself when she is sick. Her eyes can see her children through closed doors, see all secret things without opening them and look at the children and say, ‘I understand and I love you.’ without uttering a word. She can manage a child’s bath, play, study, food and sleep without getting irritated. Though she looks soft, she is tough. No ; one can imagine what she can do and endure. A mother can not only think, t but can reason and compromise too.
5. Select the title of the Read related with each sentence.
(Note: Important sentences of this Read are given here.)
(1) The good Lord was extremely busy that day.
(2) When he was working with full concentration, an angel appeared
(3) All her parts should be movable and replaceable too.
(4) She has a lap that disappears when she stands up.
(5) I have to endow her with a kiss that can cure everything – from a broken leg to a broken heart.
(6) Moreover, she has to have six pairs of hands.
(7) It is the three pairs of eyes that the mothers have to have.?
(8) Oh, so you are creating a standard model of a mother ?
(9) Another pair to look at the children and say, ‘I understand and I love you.’ without uttering a word.
(10) One pair that sees her children through closed doors.
(11) And the third pair to see all secret things without opening them.
(12) I have put the best of my ideas into this model.
(13) Now this mother will heal herself when she is sick.
(14) And she would manage a child’s bath, play, study, food and sleep without getting irritated.
(15) You cannot imagine what this mother can do and endure.
(16) Not only can she think but can reason and compromise too.
(17) Oh Lord, her eyes are leaking!
(18) May be it is for pain, for joy, pride, disappointment, loneliness.
(19) What a wonderful creation!
6. Fill in the blanks selecting the correct words from the brackets.
(powerful, national, sharp, Usually, hunt)
The tiger is the national animal of India. It likes to hunt alone. Usually, it hunts at night and can see very well in the dark. It has powerful teeth and nails called claws. But when it walks, it pulls in its claws because it wants to keep them sharp.
7. Write the correct question to get the underlined word / words as answers.
Krishna has a dozen mangoes.
A. Does Krishna have mangoes ?
B. Who has a dozen mangoes ?
C. What does Krishna have ?
D. How many mangoes has Krishna ? Answer:How many mangoes has Krishna ?
The children are studying sincerely.
A. When are the children studying?
B. What are the children studying?
C. How are the children studying?
D. Who is studying sincerely?
How are the children studying ?
The teacher explained a poem.
A. What did the teacher do ?
B. Who explained a poem?
C. What did the teacher explain?
D. How did the teacher explain a poem ?
What did the teacher do ?
The boss asked the peon to open the window.
A. Who asked the peon to open the window ?
B. What did the peon do ?
C. What did the boss do ?
D. What did the boss ask the peon to do?
What did the boss ask the peon to do ?
8. Complete the sentences using the functions given in the brackets.
(1) Kiara usually likes to play tennis. (describing action)
(2) The school bell will ring at 7 a.m. (specifying time)
(3) Manoj is never late to school. (describing action)
(4) Thank you so much for your guidance. You are welcome. (exchanging pleasantries)
(5) The postman works in a post office. (specifying location)
(6) Mihir likes to write poems. (describing action)
(7) Mr Sharma lives in Surat. (specifying location)
(8) The children love to watch cartoon films. (describing action)
9. Complete the dialogue using the functions given in the brackets.
Deep :What is Pooja doing?
Mala: Oh, she is usually studying at this time, (describing action)
Deep : What about Heena?
Mala: She is in the kitchen. (specifying location)
10. Change the text as shown.
The teacher taught a lesson. The students asked some questions. The teacher answered the questions. She took a test.
Begin like this : A lesson was taught …
A lesson was taught by the teacher. Some questions were asked by the students. The questions were answered by the teacher. A test was taken by her.
Sonam plays badminton in the evening. Saira cooks food in the morning. The boys play cricket for the whole day. Father reads newspaper in the afternoon.
Begin like this : Badminton is played …
Badminton is played by Sonam in the evening. Food is cooked by Saira in the morning. Cricket is played by the boys for the whole day. Newspapers are read by father in the afternoon.
A Wonderful Creation Summary in Gujarati
એ દિવસે ઈશ્વર ખૂબ વ્યસ્ત હતા. કામના બોજનો તેમને માટે આજે છઠ્ઠો દિવસ હતો. તેઓ ખૂબ એકાગ્રતાથી કામ કરી રહ્યા હતા ત્યારે એક દેવદૂત આવી પહોંચ્યો અને કહ્યું, “આ પ્રાણીના સર્જનમાં તમે વધારે પડતી કાળજી લઈ રહ્યા છો.” “ખરું છે,” ઈશ્વરે કહ્યું, “તારે વિગતો જાણવી છે?” “શી વિગત?” દેવદૂત જાણવા ઉત્સુક હતો. “તેના બધા અવયવોનું હલનચલન થવું જોઈએ અને તે બદલી શકાય તેવા પણ હોવા જોઈએ.
તેને એક ખોળો છે, જે જ્યારે તે ઊભી થાય ત્યારે અદશ્ય થઈ જાય છે. મારે એક એવું ચુંબન મૂકવાનું છે કે જે બધા ઉપચાર કરી શકે – ભાંગેલા પગથી તે ભગ્ન હૃદય સુધી. તદુપરાંત તેને હાથની છ જોડ હોવી જોઈએ; કોઈ પણ ઉપલબ્ધ ખોરાક પર નભી શકવી જોઈએ જ … અને … આંખોની ત્રણ જોડ હોવી જોઈએ.”દેવદૂતે ધીમેથી માથું હલાવ્યું અને કહ્યું, “મને લાગે છે કે (આ તો) ભારે અશક્ય કામ છે. હાથની છ જોડ? અસંભવ !”
ના, આ હાથની મને કોઈ સમસ્યા નથી. માતાઓને – આંખોની ત્રણ જોડ હોવી જોઈએ એ (સમસ્યા) છે.” ઈશ્વર
મૂંઝાયેલા લાગતા હતા. “અરે, તમે માતાઓની એક આદર્શ મૂર્તિ તૈયાર કરી રહ્યા છો? પણ આંખોની ત્રણ જોડ? શા માટે?” દેવદૂતને રસ પડ્યો.
એક એવી જોડ જે પોતાનાં બાળકોને બંધ દરવાજાની આરપાર જુએ. બીજી જાડથી એક શબ્દ બોલ્યા સિવાય બાળકોને જોઈને કહે : હું સમજું છું અને તમને પ્રેમ કરું છું.’ અને આંખો ખોલ્યા સિવાય ત્રીજી જોડથી બધી જ ગુપ્ત વાતો જાણી શકે.” “ભગવન્! કૃપા કરી સૂઈ જાઓ, એક જ દિવસે આટલો શ્રમ ન કરો,” દેવદૂતે વિનંતી કરી.
“હું સૂઈ ના શકું,” તેમણે ના પાડી. “આ મૂર્તિમાં મારી શ્રેષ્ઠ કલ્પનાઓ કંડારીને મેં મોટા ભાગનું કામ પૂરું કર્યું છે. હવે આ માતા જ્યારે બિમાર હશે ત્યારે તે પોતાની જાતે સાજી થશે.
માત્ર અર્ધો કિલો કોબીમાં કુટુંબના છ સભ્યોને ખવરાવી શકશે અને મિજાજ ગુમાવ્યા વિના બાળકનાં સ્નાન, રમત, અભ્યાસ, ખોરાક અને નિદ્રા સંભાળી શકશે.”
દેવદૂતે ધીમા પગલે માતાની મૂર્તિની પ્રદક્ષિણા કરી. તેણે તેને સ્પર્શ કરીને કહ્યું, “ખૂબ જ કોમળ છે.”
“પણ મજબૂત મનોબળવાળી છે.” ઈશ્વરે ઉત્સાહપૂર્વક કહ્યું. “આ માતા શું કરી શકે અને (કેટલું) સહન કરી શકે તેની તું કલ્પના નહિ કરી શકે.” એ વિચારી શકે?” માત્ર વિચારી જ નહિ, બુદ્ધિપૂર્વક વિચારી સમાધાન પણ કરી શકે,” ઈશ્વરે કહ્યું. દેવદૂત પ્રભાવિત થઈ ગયો. તે મૂર્તિની નજીક ગયો અને ગાલ પર આંગળી ફેરવી. “હે ભગવન, તેની આંખો ચૂવે છે.”
એ કેવી રીતે બન્યું? એ આંસુ હોવું જોઈએ. મેં તે ત્યાં મૂક્યું નથી. આ તો ચમત્કાર છે!” ઈશ્વરે આશ્ચર્યથી કહ્યું.
“પણ ભગવન, આંસુ શાને માટે?” “એ કંઈક વિશિષ્ટ છે. સંભવ છે કે એ વેદના, હર્ષ, ગર્વ, નિરાશા કે એકલતા માટે હોઈ શકે,” ઈશ્વરે સ્પષ્ટતા કરી. કેવું અદ્ભુત સર્જન!”
Idioms And Phrases
(1) to know about
Do you know about the latest laptop computer ?
(2) to get interested in
At the age of fourteen Ali got interested in birds.
(3) to see through
The magician could see through the thin curtain.
(4) to look at
Please look at the blackboard.
feel … (Classroom /Individual Activity)
(1) What did you remember when you read this lesson ?
(2) In what situations do you remember your mother ?
(3) Underline the words / phrases that touched you the most.
(4) How does your mother take care of you ?
(5) How do you express your love for your mother ?