This GSEB Class 8 Social Science Notes Chapter 3 Indian Constitution covers all the important topics and concepts as mentioned in the chapter.
Indian Constitution Class 8 GSEB Notes
→ The systematic compilation of a set of rules to run the government of a country is known as the ‘Constitution’ of the country.
→ The Constitution can be in written or unwritten form.
→ Our Constitution starts with the ‘Preamble’.
→ The Constitution of India is the statement of national goals and aims like democracy, socialism, secularism, national unity, etc.
→ The Constituent Assembly was formed on 9th December, 1946 and it comprised of many scholars and leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Shyam Prasad Mukherjee, Sardar Baldev Singh, etc.
→ Constitution scholars like Alladi Krishnaswami Iyer, Dr B. R. Ambedkar, K. M. Munshi were also included in the constitution committee.
→ Frank Anthony represented the Anglo-Indians and H. P Modi represented the Par sis on the constitution committee.
→ Female members like Sarojini Naidu and Vijayalakshmi Pandit were also included in the constitution committee.
→ Dr Rajendra Prasad was elected President of the constitution committee.
→ Dr B. R. Ambedkar was the head of the Drafting Committee which gave the Constitution its final shape.
→ The constitution committee started working on 9th December, 1946.
→ The constitution committee passed the Constitution on 26th November, 1949 which was enforced on 26th January 1950.
→ No country can function smoothly without a Constitution which finely weaves the ethos and ideals of a country.
→ The salient features of the Constitution of India are Democratic rule, Secularism and Republic.
→ India is also a republic nation. Republic means a government that obtains powers from people directly or indirectly.
→ The Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary are the organs of Government.
→ India is a ‘federal state’. Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar has called the Right to constitution Remedies as the ‘Soul of our constitution’.