Gujarat Board GSEB Class 10 English Textbook Solutions Writing Skills Essay Writing Questions and Answers, Notes Pdf.
Essay Writing GSEB Std 10 English Grammar
An essay is, generally speaking, a written composition containing an expression of one’s personal opinions or ideas on a subject. The subject is generally given to you, and you are left to select and arrange your material. The process of selection and arrangement must always be completed before you begin to write your essay.
Collection of Material: Your first task is to collect your material. You should begin by writing down, in the form of notes, all your ideas on the given subject. You can get such ideas by putting to yourself a series of questions about the subject. When you have collected a good store of ideas, your next task is to take stock of them. Leave out those which are not really important or interesting. Take care that none of your ideas is repeated.
Arrangement of Material: The next step is to arrange your stock of ideas and facts in logical order, according to a definite plan. Just as a good house cannot be built without a carefully prepared plan, in the same way a clear and effective essay cannot be written without a well-arranged plan.
You will find that your ideas will fall into certain divisions. Each of these divisions will form a paragraph. Outline: Before beginning to write an essay, you should make a brief outline of the main heads, under which you will arrange your ideas. Arrange under each main head the ideas you have collected. In this way, you will be able to exclude all those ideas which are not necessary for your subject. Take care that each thought really belongs to the head under which it is placed.
Paragraphs: Divide your essay into paragraphs. Give one paragraph to each heading. In this way, you will be able to have four or five paragraphs for an essay. But they should be related to one another, according to the direction of your plan. Show, as far as possible, the connection between one paragraph arid another. Keep to your point. See that each detail appears in its right place.
Pay attention to the following points in your paragraphs:
- The paragraph must be a part of one main head only.
- There can be both short and long paragraphs. They can be of varied lengths.
- Remember that the first and last sentences of a paragraph attract most attention. The first sentence generally states the subject and the last sentence sums up effectively what has been said in the paragraph.
- There must be a logical sequence of thought in each paragraph. All ideas should be connected with the leading idea. They should be arranged according to their importance or order.
- There should be a suitable connection between the paragraphs.
Parts of the Essay: An essay is generally divided into three parts :
- The Introduction,
- The Body and
- The Conclusion.
1. The Introduction: In a short essay, this should be very brief. It should not be bigger than the body of the essay itself. It generally consists of a very short paragraph. But it should always be very interesting. The introduction consists of a definition or explanation of the title. Sometimes it consists of a very brief story or some general remark relating to the given subject.
2. The Body: This is the main part of the essay. It consists of the facts, illustrations, reflections of the writer on the given subject. Here you should follow closely your outline. The paragraphs should be well constructed. The proper connection between one paragraph and another should be shown. You must keep to the point.
3. The Conclusion: The Ending, like the Beginning, should be short and striking. It should be natural. See to it that your essay does not come to an end abruptly. A simple sentence, sometimes, if expressed properly, will make a good ending. A good way to conclude an essay is to give a short summary of the ideas contained in the middle part of the essay. As a writer says: ‘The last sentence, above all, should be pleasing both to the mind and to the ear’.
Style in Writing: The style in which the essay is to be written is the most important. The following points should be carefully attended to:
- Take great care to select only such words and phrases exactly express the ideas which you have in your mind.
- Frame your sentences in such a way that they are short, clear and simple.
- Avoid the use of unnecessary words.
- Do not use a word or phrase the meaning of which you do not know.
- Be clear in what you write.
- Be direct: use short sentences in preference to long ones.
- Be simple: Do not use high-sounding words and phrases. Avoid flowery language. Use simple words and simple sentences.
- Be brief: Say what you want to say as briefly as you can. Never use ten words where one
- Be natural: Do not try to imitate others. Write your own thoughts in your own style.
Hints on Essay Writing: Bear in mind the following points:
- Do not start writing at once. Think out carefully for ten minutes or so on what you are going to write.
- Set down the various ideas that come to your mind.
- Select your ideas carefully. In a short essay, you can deal with a few points only.
- Stick to these points. It is of no use to write down a lot of things that have nothing to do with the subject. If you do so, the result will be a bad essay.
- Arrange your ideas. You cannot write a good essay without a plan. So, you must make a plan and arrange your ideas in such a way that they follow one another naturally.
- Divide your essay into paragraphs. Write a fresh paragraph on each point in the plan. (As a rule, four or five short paragraphs are enough for a short essay.)
- Divide your essay into three parts: the Introduction, the Body, and the Conclusion.
- Use simple words and short sentences.
- Be clear as well as brief.
- Be interesting as well as pertinent.
- Revise carefully what you have written. Correct all mistakes in spelling, capital letters, grammar, punctuation, etc.
Classification of Essays
Essays may be divided into
- Expository and
Narrative Essays: A Narrative Essay consists of the narration of some event or series of events. Narrative compositions may be on such subjects as the following:
- Incidents (e.g., a street quarrel, a festival, a marriage)
- An Accident or A Natural Disaster (e.g., a flood, a fire, a storm, an earthquake, a motorcar accident, a shipwreck)
- A journey or a Voyage
- A Trip or a Walk
- A Visit to a Place of Interest
- A Story (real or imaginary)
- Biographies (e.g., life of Ashoka)
Descriptive Essays: A Descriptive Essay may consist of the description of some person, place or thing. Descriptive compositions may treat subjects such as the following:
- Animals, plants, fruits, minerals and metals (such as the lion, the coconut tree, the mango, coal, gold).
- Towns, ports, ships and buildings (such as Delhi, the Taj Mahal, the National Museum, the Zoo, the Qutub Minar).
- Aspects and phenomena of Nature (such as volcanoes, the monsoon, a waterfall, mountain-scenery, lunar eclipse, the spring, the autumn).
- Manufactured Articles (such as motorcars, television, aeroplanes, rockets, silk, nylon).
- Character sketches (a postman, a gardener, a bus driver, a peasant).
- Description of a Favourite Book.
Reflective Essays: A Reflective Essay consists of reflections of thoughts on some topic which is generally of an abstract nature. Topics for such essays may be:
- Habits, qualities, feelings, capacities (such as punctuality, good manners, kindness, heroism, industry, patriotism).
- Social, political and domestic topics (such as the caste system, family planning, co¬education, unemployment, food problem, untouchability, national integration, life insurance).
Expository Essays: An Expository Essay is an explanatory essay. It generally consists of an exposition of some subject. Subjects for expository essays may be:
- Institutions, industries and occupations (press, cottage industries, gardening, photography).
- Scientific topics (wireless telegraphy, radio, computer, cinema).
- Literary topics (the appreciation of an author or a book).
- Quotations or Sayings (‘Time is money, ‘Honesty is the best policy).
Imaginative Essays: In an Imaginative Essay one’s imagination plays a free part. Such subjects as ‘If I were a Millionaire’ or ‘The Adventures of a Rupee’, in which one has to use one’s imagination freely, would call for imaginative essays.
Specimens Of Narrative Essays
Write an essay in about 250 words on the following topics:
An Indian Festival (Diwali)
[festivals in India – festival of lights – mythological belief- how we celebrate – cleaning, lighting, sweets-day of rejoicing for everyone]
Diwali, or the ‘festival of lights,’ is held at the beginning of the Hindu year in honour of the goddess Lakshmi. The origin of the festival is not definitely known. Some believe that it is celebrated in honour of the home return of Lord Rama after fourteen years’ exile. Others believe that it is connected with the triumph of Lord Krishna over Narakasur, the demon-king which symbolizes the victory of Good over Evil.
‘Diwali’ is a festival of four days. Diwali is the last day of ‘Vikram Samvat’. The next day is celebrated as ‘New Year Day’ by Hindus. For these days houses are whitewashed and cleaned, shops- are decorated according to the tastes and means of their owners, feasts are held, and sweets are distributed among friends and relatives. The houses are brilliantly illuminated with coloured candles fitted in glass globes of various tints. Merchants and shopkeepers open new account books after worshipping the goddess Lakshmi.
The Diwali illuminations are to be seen in their full splendour in entire India. You will find all the magnificent buildings in cities -the Red Fort, Parliament House, Rashtrapati Bhavan, Television Centre, Most Government buildings – lit up from top to bottom with rows of lights.
Diwali is a day of rejoicing for all. Children get sweets and office-goers enjoy a holiday. On the next day, i.e., New Year Day, people exchange greetings with good wishes for the new year. It is indeed one of the greatest and happiest of the Hindu festivals.
A Street Quarrel
[happened to witness a quarrel – scene – hot exchanges – cause – takes serious turn- interference of wise men – pacified – ends]
Last evening, while passing through Chandni Chowk, I saw a large crowd gathered in front of the shop of a general merchant. There was much uproar and high excitement. I proceeded towards the crowd and asked an old man what had happened. He could not tell me anything except to direct my attention to the merchant who was being held tightly by a few persons.
Then I saw another young man held strongly by a few others. The latter tried every time to fly at the merchant but the men prevented him again and again. Both were using swear words and threatening furiously to kill each other. The spectators enjoyed the scene. Some of them were urging them to fight it out. But most others were trying their best to pacify them.
The people were making a great deal of- noise and in the confusion, I could hardly make out the cause of the quarrel. At last, a young man standing beside me told me the whole story. The cause of the quarrel was that the Muslim young man had abused the merchant by calling him a cheat. This irritated the merchant who retaliated with a stream of abuse. Hot words were exchanged between the two. From hot words, they came to blows. But soon a crowd gathered there and pulled them apart.
Now the quarrel was taking a serious turn. As it generally happens in a quarrel, people were beginning to take sides. The Muslims were inciting the young Muslim, while the Hindus were siding with the merchant. A venerable-looking old man appeared on the scene and smelling that this little quarrel might develop into a communal conflict, calmed the feelings of both by apologizing to them for the rude behaviour shown by the one to the other. This seemed to pacify them and put to shame those who were egging them on. In this way, the quarrel came to an end and the crowd dispersed.
Chandrayaan 2-A Mission that Made India Proud
[Introduction – dream mission – contribution – how it was different from other mission ?- uniqueness – appreciation in spite of negligible failure – Conclusion]
Chandrayaan 2 mission is a highly complex mission, which represents a significant technological leap compared to the previous missions of ISRO.
It comprised an Orbiter, Lander and Rover to explore the unexplored South Pole of the Moon. The mission is designed to expand the lunar scientific knowledge through detailed study of topography, seismography, mineral identification and distribution, surface chemical composition, thermo-physical characteristics of topsoil and composition of the tenuous lunar atmosphere, leading to a new understanding of the origin and evolution of the Moon.
After the injection of Chandrayaan-2, a series of manoeuvres were carried out to raise its orbit and on August 14, 2019, following Trans Lunar Insertion (TLI) manoeuvre, the spacecraft escaped from orbiting the earth and followed a path that took it to the vicinity of the Moon. On August 20, 2019, Chandrayaan-2 was successfully inserted into lunar orbit. While orbiting the moon in a 100 km lunar polar orbit, on September 02, 2019, Vikram Lander was separated from the Orbiter in preparation for landing.
Subsequently, two de-orbit manoeuvres were performed on Vikram Lander so as to change its orbit and begin circling the moon in a 100 km × 35 km orbit. Vikram Lander descent was as planned and normal performance was observed up to an altitude of 2.1 km. Subsequently, communication from lander to the ground stations was lost.
The Orbiter placed in its intended orbit around the Moon will enrich our understanding of the moon’s evolution and mapping of the minerals and water molecules in Polar regions, using its eight state-of-the-art scientific instruments.
The Orbiter camera is the highest resolution camera (0.3 m) in any lunar mission so far and will provide high-resolution images which will be immensely useful to the global scientific community. The precise launch and mission management has ensured a long life of almost seven years instead of the planned one year.
An Autobiography of a Soldier
[Early life – life at home – life on the front /border – incident/s on the border/s – retirement – life with family] (August 20)
I am Vikram Khetan. I’m a brave and fearless soldier of the Indian Army. I was not so good at studies. I had heard that even with not much education, any Indian Citizen can join Army. Since then I was focussing on my fitness so that I could be selected. And the day came, I was selected going through all the tough tests and was proud and ready to serve our motherland.
Soon after selection, I was sent to Dehra Dun for training. It was a very tough training. At 4.30 a.m. in the morning, we had to get up and be ready till 5 a.m. At 5 sharp our parade started. Sometimes we had to run for 5 km. at a stretch. We had to get through hurdle tests with 15 kg rifle on shoulder. This kind of rigorous training made us fit to fight battles.
Then I was posted in Poonch region of Kashmir Valley and life-threatening challenges started. The chilling cold made my nerves almost freeze. Thrf weather conditions were so adverse that many A time, I thought running away back to home. But duty was duty. Being far from family, I literally craved to be with them. I remembered my school days and the days spent in my village and my eyes turned wet.
On the front, we had to be very alert ignoring all our comforts. Any moment we could be attacked and we might lose our life. I never cared for my life, but all the time, I was thinking what best I could put in to save my motherland. My finger on the trigger of rifle kept quite eager to kill enemies in all circumstances.
I’m firm and profound soldier of the Indian Army.
Specimens Or Descriptive Essays
Any Building of Historical Interest Visited by You (The Taj Mahal)
[visit of Taj Mahal – appearance – history – how it was built – description of building and surrounding – a tomb – one of the seven wonders of the world] A visit to Agra cannot be called complete unless one visits the Taj-the Crown of the World. This peerless tomb was built, by Shah Jahan after the death of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, as a token of his great love for her. It is said that it took twenty-two years to build and that twenty thousand men together were employed at one time on the work.
The Taj Mahal is. surrounded by a beautiful garden. In it tall dark cypress trees grow along the straight walks and fountains spout water in many places. It has many smooth green lawns and many beds of glowing flowers. All these add to the beauty of the Taj.
The Taj itself stands on the bank of the river Yamuna. It is built of white marble. It has four tall slender white marble minarets, one in each corner of the platform around it, on which the great tomb stands. Look at it from a distance. How small and delicate, like a fairy palace, it looks! Come nearer, and you find, how large and stately it really is. If you go up the marble steps and stand close to it, the dome seems to soar high up into the blue sky.
The real tomb is in the vault beneath the building, and the way to it is led by a flight of steps. It is all decorated with precious stones and beautiful screens of carved marble that look like delicate jewellers’ work in silver. There in front of us is the grave of the well-beloved queen of Shah Jahan whose love was so great and undying that he had built for her this wonderful and world-famous tomb at an enormous cost.
It is delightful to see the Taj at any time of the day. But it is most wonderful to see it in the light of the full moon. At that time it looks like a building of pearl, or a palace made of silver. It looks so bright and delicate that it seems to have been built of white clouds. The gleaming white marble, the black shadows, the dim light, the silence, and the sweet-scented gardens, all make it a wonderful divine sight to see.
Not carried away by the remembrance that twenty thousand workmen were employed for twenty-two years in its construction, that it cost nearly three crores of rupees, and that* gems and precious stones came in camel-loads from all parts of the earth to furnish the inlays with their material, you are lost in admiration ‘ at the glorious beauty of the Taj. Surely man never built such a paradise! It cannot be a building, you whisper: it is an enchantment. It is a dream come true in marble.
If There were no Newspapers:
[part of habit – variety of news-news and write-ups for all segments of society – knowing the world – different beneficiaries Fburth Estate’ – powerful media – if stopped, life would be stagnant, backward – life force]
What a pleasure it would be to wake up and have a steamy cup of tea on the table inviting to enjoy sip after sip without the slightest disturbance from the hustle of routine newspaper.
This may sound little queer for those who are habituated to go through the same array of hews in the press every day. What we read from the newspapers is almost trash vividly magnifying the instances of accidents, rapes, robbery, gang wars, intrigues, conspiracies, political degradation, murders, scandals and terrorism and whatnot.
There is hardly any place for human values in today’s newspapers. In spite of this situation, modern educated public cannot think of a morning without newspaper. Because what is said above is only one, side of a coin. The other side is much more important and has become an unavoidable part of human life. The newspaper today is as necessary as food and clothing.
Basically, in the absence of newspapers, the position of every individual would be precarious. Everyone would be groping in the dark because of the ignorance about the world around. No news would be known to anybody. A politician ? would not know the latest developments both in the party he belongs to or in the opposition parties.
A businessman would be unaware of the market conditions making him blind about all his business strategies. Scientists will not know the latest development in science and technologies. Young people would not know what entertainment programmes are waiting for them.
General public would also feel a vacuum in the absence of entertaining news about accidents, murders, scandals, criticism, gossips about leaders, film stars, sportsmen and such others. The life would in a way become very stale, dull and static without the newspapers and society would come to a standstill position.
This is not the sign of a progressing society Newspapers have powerful influence in the modern days that they are almost regarded as s the ‘Fourth Estate’. Newspapers not only provide information but possess literacy value, work S as a powerful means of propaganda, influence S public opinion, extend incentive to business world, expose various opportunities of jobs, attract suitable people for employment and s also entertain people through news on movies, drama, sports and other columns.
lf all this were stopped, what would remain in the life of a country? It will become stagnant and remain backward. If one has to enjoy the fruits of modern developments brought about by science and technologies, one has to keep abreast with all the news about all the matters around.
One cannot, therefore, afford to stop having newspapers. This would mean the death of the society. Newspapers are the life force of every dynamic society. No one can survive in this world without newspapers. It is not, therefore, fair even to think of the society where there are no newspapers. Without newspapers, the world would become standstill.
Specimens Of Reflective Essays
1. Good Manners:
[good manners need to be cultivated – man without manners is animal – following different customs -‘Manners maketh man’-makes man popular and successful – win hearts of people]
Good manners are not born with us; they have to be cultivated. If a child were not taught how to behave respectfully, it would grow up rough and rude like a savage. The onl difference between a cultured and uncultured man is that the former is educated and knows good civil manners, while the latter is illiterate and behaves like a rude man in society.
The standards and ideals of good manners differ in different countries, for different nations have different customs. In India, it is considered rude if the guests leave their host until he has given them permission to do so, but in England, it is considered rude if a host asks his guests to go after the entertainment.
In England, it is considered a mark of respect to take one’s hat off in a church or in another person’s house or when one meets one’s acquaintance in the street; but in India, good manners require that one should keep one’s head-wear on. In India, among rurals at any rate, it is looked upon as bad manners if a young woman passes by them without a veil on her face; but in England, a veiled woman will be laughed at by the people.
What are good manners? The first principle that underlies good manners is that we should have and should show consideration for the feelings of others. Good manners are the ornament of a gentleman, and a true gentleman will never try to hurt the feelings of others. He will not say things that will hurt others; he will not speak in a rude way to offend them; he will never do things that they do not like.
He will always try to make everyone feel at his ease. He will care for the convenience, comfort, and happiness of others more than for his own. He will show proper respect for those who are superior to him. He will never try to be disrespectful to anyone.
Good manners are really a form of unselfishness. No selfish and conceited person ever possessed good manners. He who always wants to have his own way and seeks his own comfort, cannot be said to possess good manners. He may appear polite outwardly but he will not have good manners in him.
Good manners are necessary for success and popularity in life. Those who are selfish, vain, rude and rough, are never liked by people; they are disliked, or even hated. Such persons can hardly ever win popularity. Generally, only those who are polite, gentle and courteous become popular. We very well know what difference all this makes in business. A rude businessman or shopkeeper soon loses his customers; a polite one attracts them.
2. Online Shopping v/s Offline Shopping
[Introduction – availability – variety – price cheek – return /refund policies quality – pocket¬friendliness – time-factor – conclusion]
Thinking of shopping, you might come up with a sentence like “When comparing online shopping with traditional shopping, I found that online shopping seems to provide extra convenience while the traditional shopping provides a greater comfort factor”.
Traditional shopping can be very time consuming if you haven’t made the decision of what to buy. By contrast, online shopping allows people to shop anytime, anywhere, and of course with no boundaries between countries. In fact, these two ways of shopping share the same purpose, which is buying things. Yet, there are some ! differences between them.
The first difference between online shopping: and traditional shopping is authenticity. To make an appealing advertisement of products, some online shopping stores tend to exaggerate the facts of the products. By contrast, most traditional stores have no guts to do so.
It is because Veal stores must display the products in front of customers in order to let them touch and f^el the products. The advantage of buying things in the real stores is the products speak for themselves and the disadvantage of buying things online is the products may or may not be authentic.
The second difference between online shopping and traditional shopping is convenience. Shopping online reduces limitations. It is so convenient that you can shop anytime and anywhere. For example, you can easily visit the website, find the product you want to buy and wait for the product being delivered to you.
If you need time to reconsider about the products, all you have to do is put the product in the virtual shopping bag or on the virtual wish list. Usually, you have to pay additional shipping costs while shopping online. By contrast, real store shopping is not convenient for people who live far away from stores. Real store shopping is too time-consuming for customers to drive to the stores. In other words, shopping online is more convenient than shopping in traditional stores.
The last difference between online shopping and traditional shopping is the safety issue. Online shopping is not always safe. To make an order online, you have to expose personal data and credit card information. Some bad people can access personal information easily through online transactions and steal it for unauthorized deals. That is to say, it is quite hard for consumers that buy stuff online to avoid exposing personal data.
However, people don’t have to worry about things like that while shopping on the street. But people who shop in the traditional store have to worry whether the sellers give them counterfeit as change. In fact, it is a small safety issue that can be avoided by being careful while making transactions in traditional stores.
In conclusion, both kinds of shopping have merits and shortages. The benefits of both shopping online and shopping in real stores are countless. However, it is true that sometimes merits could become shortages and vice versa, depending on the different perspectives that people hold.
3. Social Media
[Introduction – benefits – drawbacks – conclusion]
A popular and quickly growing knowledge and interaction outlet are social media where people are free to gain information and express their thoughts. Sites like Facebook, Twitter and Instagram are social media platforms dominant internationally.
In our fast-paced, busy life, social media brings a breadth of relief and enjoyment for a few minutes, which makes us energized to focus on what we were doing afresh. One of the best aspects of social media is that it helps people re-connect who once lost touch, but the only limitation is that both of them must have an account on social media.
Just like truth spreads precisely and fast through social media, so does fake news and rumors as well. It is our duty as respectable netizens to focus on the truth and stop the spreading of fake content as much as possible by avoiding or revolting. In the age of social media, people have also gained power over mass communication, which means a greater audience can be reached in a very short time and very fewer efforts. And the development of social media was possible because of the surging communication information.
The boons and banes are debatable when it comes to the matter of social media. But we need to use social media advantageously and avoid toxic means. Social media should be used to create awareness for good purposes like drawing attention to that news which needs justice but does not get enough attention from the public. Seldom have we realized that social media is an addictive pit, and soon this addiction leads to us mindless either scrolling or posting or involving in dumb conflicts that in no way will benefit us.
Specimens Of Expository Essays
1. Memories of Childhood OR Recollect ion v of Your Childhood
[introduction – which things you recollect -why they are fond memories – unselfish ways and dealings – pure joy and happiness – days of cheerfulness]
I do not remember much about my childhood, but there are still a few things which I can never forget. They come back to me again and again and I feel delighted to remember them. I still remember the old house where I was born. It was a big house with many rooms, big and small. There was one room in it, which I was afraid to enter. I thought that it was haunted b a ghost. I liked my father’s room very much. It was so clean and bright and airy. Everything there was neatly arranged and in its proper place.
I still remember how fond I was of going to the roof of the house. It was really interesting to watch my elder brother fly kites there. Those days were really very happy. I still remember some of my playmates. Krishna was a very fine boy, for he always shared his sweets with me. If ever I had a quarrel with anybody, he always took my side. But I did not like Chandra. He was such a proud and naughty boy.
Everybody was kind to me in my childhood. But the kindest person was my uncle. He bought me many fine toys and gave me many presents. He took me along with him on long walks and also played jokes upon me. My aunt was also very good to me, for she gave me fine things to eat. I need not say that I was very fond of my brothers and sisters, and they all treated me very well.
I do not remember any event of my childhood excepting one. It was the Baisakhi day, and all the members of my family went to the river for a dip. My mother was going ahead of us all, and I was with my sister. I do not know what happened but I found myself all alone after some time. My mother was nowhere to be seen nor were my brother and sisters. When I found myself all alone I began to cry.
At that time a kindly old gentleman came up to me and took me to a tent nearby. There I found some other children also who were in the same position as I “was. I, however, had not to stay in the tent very long, because after half an hour or so my brother came to take me. Oh! the joy of meeting again my mother. She was very much delighted to see me and gave away some money in charity.
[knowing the happenings of the world from all directions – information on different subjects – cater interests of, different strata of people – importance of advertisements – educate people-mould public opinion – bring about social reforms – yellow journalism can cause great harm – but overall bring sanity]
The Newspaper is a means of bringing us into contact with the world outside. By spending a rupee or so we can know what is happening all the four directions of the world, i.e., North, East, West and South. The Newspapers provide us with up-to-date information about important political events and topics of general interest. We are brought into touch with the current problems which affect us so much.
Again the morning paper brings to our knowledge all the notable events which occurred in distant lands only the day before. The classifieds’ column of the newspaper tells us where we can find work for ourselves and improve our prospects. It provides us with means of either disposing of our own articles or purchasing the things that we need. Reviews of books given in some newspapers help us to choose the best books. Those of us who are interested in art, music, farming and sports can also. find enough material for information.
Besides this, the newspaper tries to educate and mould public “Opinion. Most of us are far too busy in our own affairs to think of the great political problems of our country. We refer the newspaper and read the views it presents to We later form our individual opinion regarding the problems afflicting our country.
Moreover, the press provides us with the platform from which advocates of social reform can pursue their causes for public attention. If certain wrongs are done by the Government to the people, a hue and cry against them is raised in the newspapers. It is called the fourth pillar of democracy.
It is evident that the newspaper is a potential power in the country because it can deeply influence public opinion. The editors of newspapers have therefore a heavy responsibility. The newspaper becomes a power for evil if it distorts truth and presents only the one side of the question, ponders to lower tastes and exaggerates sensational news.
It has been discovered that the communai riots that have taken place in India during the last fifty years have been due to misrepresentation or exaggeration of facts by the newspapers. But a clean, honest, truthful and earnest newspaper can do a lot of good to the country by removing evils and bringing sanity into the country.
Specimen Of An Imaginative Essay
Flight in an Aeroplane
[long-cherished dream came true – nervous in the beginning – boarded – take off – description of views from plane – joy of flying – landing -a pleasure flying]
It was my long-cherished dream to fly in an aeroplane, and just two weeks ago I had a chance to fly in an aeroplane. Before I made $ up my mind to do so, I was very nervous. I feared that all sorts of accidents might happen! in the air. I thought the engine might burst 5 and the plane might come down with a crash. Sometimes I was afraid that the pilot might ‘ make a mistake and I might have to pay for “!j it with my life. All these and other misgivings troubled me before I boarded the aeroplane.
Soon after I had seated myself in it, the plane began to rise in the air. At first, it scraped s the .earth, but afterwards, it flew higher and higher. After some time I found that we were very high up in the air. Then it seemed as if we were near the clouds. Strange were my sensations at that time.
This does not mean that I felt the worse for it. It felt as comfortable in the aeroplane as I did in my car. I felt no sense of insecurity. It ? did not occur to me even for a moment that my life could ever be in danger. The plane flew as smoothly in the air as a boat glides down a peaceful stream.
Nobody can doubt that the view from the aeroplane is very wonderful. Big cities lay spread below, and the tall houses appeared like so many huts. The big churches appeared like chapels and temples and mosques appeared very tiny. Men and women seemed to be like so many Lilliputians creeping here and there.
Vast unending fields lay below me. But one could never know what was grown there. Big trees and bushes appeared very small, and the waving corn seemed to be nothing but small grass. Once we flew over a river, it was very big and mighty. But now it appeared to be like a thread of water. A big steamer was sailing over it at that time, but it appeared to be no bigger than a small boat.
But the most beautiful thing was the scene around me. I saw nothing but was surrounded by pure, rarefied air. Occasionally I saw clouds floating here and there. Sometimes I felt as if I was like a bird flying in the air. I felt how intelligent man is. He has conquered nature. He has won victory even over the air. After some time we thought of going down and the plane began to glide downward.
We flew over the roofs of many houses. At one place we were very near the roof and I felt that we were going to touch it. After flying for four or five hours in the air, we, at last, touched the earth. For all my flying, I felt quite pleased to land on earth again.