GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः

Gujarat Board GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers, Notes Pdf.

Gujarat Board Textbook Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit हास्ययोगः Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Pronounce the following words orally:

आपणिकः, क्रीणातु, पञ्चाशत्, दृष्ट्वा, गृहपाठलेखनम्, श्वानभयम्, दशनस्वभावः, परीक्षणम्, चोरद्वयम्, लुण्ठनम्, रूप्यकाणि, आगत्य, व्यर्थश्रमम्, कृत्रिमदन्तावलिः
(Speak these words three times in clear and correct pronunciation under the guidance of your Sanskrit teacher.)

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः

2. Find out Sanskrit words for the following words and write them :

(1) purchase
(2) bank
(3) robbery
(4) per cent
(5) shopkeeper
Answer:
(1) क्रयः, क्रयणम्
(2) वित्तकोषः, वित्तकोषम्, (वित्तकोशः, वित्तकोशम्)
(3) लुण्ठनम्
(4) प्रतिशतम्
(5) आपणिकः

3. Write, who speaks the following sentences :

(१) तर्हि कृपया द्वे यन्त्रे ददातु ।
Answer:
ग्राहकः आपणिकं वदति।

(२) भवतः गृहकार्ये बहवः दोषाः।
Answer:
शिक्षकः छात्रं वदति ।

(३) श्वानभयं न अनुभवतु।
Answer:
गृहस्वामी अतिथिं वदति ।

(४) व्यर्थश्रमं मा करोतु।
Answer:
द्वितीयः चोरः प्रथमं चोरं वदति।

4. Replace the underlined words with those given in the brackets and frame other sentences :

(१) एतत् यन्त्रं क्रीणातु। (फेनकम्, पुस्तकम्, फलम्)
Answer:
एतत् फेनकं क्रीणातु । (Buy this soap.)
एतत् पुस्तकं क्रीणातु। (Buy this book.)
एतत् फलं क्रीणातु। (Buy this fruits.)

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः

(२) सा भोजनं करोति। (दुग्धपानम्, दानम्, प्रार्थनाम्)
Answer:
सा दुग्धपानं करोति। (He drinks milk.)
सा दानं करोति। (He gives donation.)
सा प्रार्थनां करोति। (He prays.)

(३). व्यर्थश्रमं मा करोतु। (व्यर्थव्यवहारम्, दुर्व्यवहारम्, व्यर्थव्ययम्)
Answer:
व्यर्थव्यवहारं मा करोतु। (Don’t do useless dealing.)
दुर्व्यवहारं मा करोतु । (Don’t behave badly.)
व्यर्थव्ययं मा करोतु । (Don’t waste money.)

(४) श्वानभयं न अनुभवतु। (चोरभयम्, सिंहभयम्, अन्धकारभयम्)
Answer:
चोरभयं न अनुभवतु। (Don’t afraid of a thief.)
सिंहभयं न अनुभवतु । (Don’t afraid of a lion.)
अन्धकारभयं न अनुभवतु । (Don’t afraid of darkness.)

स्मृतिस्थं कुरुत – Remember

• The pronoun तद् –
According to gender, in masculine स:, in feminine सा and in neuter तत् – तद् are used. All the three derivations are of first case singular. In masculine तम्, in feminine ताम् and in neuter तत् – तद् are used. All the three derivations are of second case singular.

• The pronoun एतत् / एतद् –
According to gender, in masculine tai, in feminine एषा and in neuter एतत् are used. All the three derivations are of first case singular. In masculine एनम्, in feminine एनाम् and in neuter एनत् are used. All the three derivations are of second case singular.

Examples –
सः बालकः (That boy); एषः बालकः (This boy);
सा बालिका (That girl); एषा बालिका (This girl);
तत् पुस्तकम् (That book); एतत् पुस्तकम् (This book);
तम् बालकम् (To that boy); ताम् बालिकाम् (To that girl);
एतम् बालकम् (To this boy); एताम् बालिकाम् (To this girl);

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः

• The pronoun इदम् –
According to gender, in masculine अयम्, in feminine इयम् and in neuter इदम् are used. All the three derivations are of first case singular; The meaning of all the three is this’.

5. Frame sentences as shown in the example :

Example: एतत्
……………. अस्ति। (यन्त्रम्, क्रयणम्)
Answer:
एतत् यन्त्रं क्रयणयोग्यम् अस्ति।

(१) एतत् …………………… अस्ति। (पुस्तकम्, पठनम्)
Answer:
एतत् पुस्तकं पठनयोग्यम् अस्ति।

(२) एतत् …………… अस्ति। (स्थानम्, भ्रमणम्)
Answer:
एतत् स्थानं भ्रमणयोग्यम् अस्ति।

(३) एतत् ………. अस्ति। (चलचित्रम्, दर्शनम्)
Answer:
एतत् चलचित्रं दर्शनयोग्यम् अस्ति ।

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः

(४) एतत् ……………………… अस्ति। (जलम्, स्नानम्)
Answer:
एतत् जलं स्नानयोग्यम् अस्ति।

6. Change the forms verbs as shown in the example:

(Change the verbs of present tense, third person singular into simple future tense, third person singular and first person singular.)
GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः 1

Sanskrit Digest Std 7 GSEB हास्ययोगः Important Questions and Answers

1. write synonyms of the Sanskrit words:

(१) अल्पम् = न्यूनम्
(२) कृपा = करूणा, दया
(३) छात्रः = विद्यार्थी
(४) दृष्ट्वा = ईक्षित्वा
(५) सहायता = साहाय्यम्
(६) पिता = जनकः
(७) श्वानः = कुक्कुरः
(८) स्वभावः = प्रकृतिः
(९) चोरः = चौरः, स्तेनः
(१०) गृहम् = भवनम्, सदनम्

2. write opposite Sanskrit words :

(१) क्रयः x विक्रयः
(२) योग्यम् x अयोग्यम्
(३) अल्पम् x अनल्पम्
(४) दोषाः x गुणाः
(५) उदयः x अस्तः
(६) भयम् x अभयम्
(७) अधुना x पश्चात्
(८) प्राप्तम् x अप्राप्तम्
(९) व्यर्थम् x सार्थकम्
(१०) श्वः x ह्यः, अद्य
(११) ज्ञानम् x अज्ञानम्

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः

ज्ञातव्यम् (Fit to be Known)

(The names of twelve fruits in Sanskrit have been given here. Read them with correct pronunciation again and again.)

  • आम्रम्, आम्रफलम् – mango
  • कदलीफलम् – banana
  • सीताफलम् – custard-apple
  • नारंगम् – orange
  • बदरिका – berry
  • आमलकम् – hog-plum
  • सेवम् – apple
  • निम्बूकम् – lemon
  • जम्बूफलम् – rose-apple
  • खबूंज:- watermelon jamun
  • नारिकेलम् – coconut
  • दाडिमम् – pomegranate

हास्ययोगः Summary in English

To create interest in language funny stories, jokes, etc. are very useful. In this chapter we have tried to make the language-education easy by some humorous jokes.
GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः 2

The shopkeeper – (to the customer) Buy this machine. It is proper to be bought.
The customer – What is its speciality ?
The shopkeeper – This machine will lessen your workload fifty per cent.
The customer – Then please give me two machines.
GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः 3

The teacher – (after checking the pupil’s homework) There are many mistakes in your homework. only you do these (mistakes).
The pupil – Sir ! I alone do not make all these mistakes. My father also helps me in doing my homework
GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः 4

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः

The owner of the house – (to the guest) Please welcome. Don’t be afraid of the dog.
The guest – Does not it bite ?
The owner of the house – I don’t know whether it has or hasn’t nature of biting, because it will be the test of its nature now.
GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः 5

Once two thieves rob a bank. They get many rupees. Having come home they talk.
The first thief – I am counting money because I want to know how much money we have got.
The second thief – Don’t do useless labour. The news will come in the newspaper tomorrow. So we shall know counting
GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः 6

Old Shambhunath – My wife takes dinner only after I take my dinner.
Ramanath – Don’t you take dinner with your wife ?
Shambhunath – It is not so. She takes dinner only after I take my dinner, it has a reason. We both have only one denture.

Word Meaning 
(Page 10) Word meanings : अपणिकः – shopkeeper. ग्राहकं प्रति – to the customer. एतत् यन्त्रम् – this machine. कीणातु– buy. क्रयणयेग्यम् – proper to be bought विशेषता – peculiarity. भवतः – your. पञ्चाशत्-प्रतिशतम् – fifty per cent. कार्यभारम् – workload. अल्पम् – less. करिष्यति – will do. तर्हि – then. कृपया – please. द्वे यन्त्रे – two machines. ददातु -give.

छात्रस्य – of the pupil. गृहकार्य (गृहकार्यम्)- homework. दृष्ट्वा – दृष्ट्वा – after checking. भवतः – your. गृहकार्ये – in homework. बहवः – many. दोषाः – mistakes. तान् अपि – these (mistakes) too. भवान् – you. एक: एव – alone. करोति – do. छात्रः – pupil. महोदय – Sir. एतान् सर्वान् दोषान् – all these mistakes. न करोमि – (I) do not do. गृहपाठलेखने – in doing homework. मम पिता अपि – my father too. सहायतां करोति – helps.

गृहस्वामी – owner of the house. अतिथि प्रति – to the guest. भवान् – you. आगच्छतु – welcome. श्वानभयं (श्वानभयम्) – fear from the dog. न अनुभवतु – do not experience. अतिथिः – guest. न दशति – don’t bite. दशनस्वभावः – nature of biting. अस्ति वा न वा इति – has or hasn’t. अहम् अपि-I too. न जानामि – don’t know. यतः – because. एतस्य स्वभावस्य – of its nature. परीक्षणम् – test. अधुना – now. भविष्यति – will be.

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः

एकदा – once. चोरद्वयं (चोरद्वयम्) – two thieves. वित्तकोषे – in a bank; वित्तकोषम् means bank. लुण्ठनम् – robbery. करोति -do. बहूनि रूप्यकाणि – many rupees. प्राप्नोति – get. गृहम् आगत्य – arriving at home. वार्तालापं (वार्तालापम्) – talk. प्रथमः चोरः – the first thief. कियत् धनं (कियत् धनम्) – how much money. प्राप्तम् – got. तस्य ज्ञानार्थम् – to know that. धनगणनां (धनगणनाम्) – counting money. करोमि – doing. द्वितीयः – the second. व्यर्थश्रमं (व्यर्थश्रमम्) – useless labour. मा करोतु – don’t . do. श्नः – tomorrow. वर्तमानपत्रे – in a newspaper. वार्ता- news. आगमिष्यति एव – will come. ततः – so, then. गणनाज्ञानं भविष्यति – will know counting

वृद्ध- old. मम भोजनस्य एव – after I take my dinner. भार्यया सह – with wife. भोजनं न करोति वा – don’t take dinner ? तथा – so. किमपि – nothing. नास्ति ( न + अस्ति) – not, no. भोजन्स्य पाश्चात् – after dinner. कारणम् – its reason. यतः – because. आवयोः – both of us. एका एव- only one. कृत्रिमदन्तावलिः -denture.

Activities

(1) Find out such funny jokes and tell them in your class.

(2) करोति -Give cards of written verbs to the students.
The students will read them and act as written in the cards; e.g., Vinod has received the card written लिखति. He will read the word loudly and request other students to write and the other students will do that. Seeing the actions of the students the teacher will make such sentences राकेशः लेखनं करोति, सुधा भोजनं करोति, हर्षः भोजनं करोति, रसिदा पठनं करोति, etc.

Then the teacher will ask questions to each group such as राकेशः किं करोति? The students will answer one-by-one राकेशः लेखनं करोति। Suppose Mahesh is dancing. Then the teacher will ask the question महेशः किं करोति? The students will answer : महेशः नृत्य करोति। In this way, the teacher will make the students do different activities and the students will receive answers by asking the question किं करोति?

(3) करोमि – The teacher will do different actions to introduce the verb; e.g., अहम् लेखनं करोमि। अहम् भोजनं करोमि। अहम् पठनं करोमि। अहम् गायनं करोमि। etc.. The teacher will speak such sentences with action. Then he / she will tell the students an action and the students will do the action and give answer in Sanskrit with ‘अहम् करोमि’. In this way the teacher will introduce the verbs of future tense such as करिष्यति, भविष्यति, आगमिष्यति. अद्य महेशः पठनं करोति । श्वः महेशः किं करिष्यति? The student will give answer – श्वः महेशः पठनं करिष्यति । अद्य रविवासरः अस्ति। श्वः कः वासरः भविष्यति? The student will answer – श्वः सोमवासरः भविष्यति। Then the students will make such sentences themselves.

(4) The use of preposition प्रति – The teacher will make sentences shown as below : ध्रुपदः विद्यालयं प्रति गच्छति। माता मन्दिरं प्रति गच्छति । etc.. The students will write as shown in the examples; e.g., शाला-शालां प्रति, गगन-गगनं प्रति, चिकित्सालय-चिकित्सालयं प्रति, etc.

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 4 हास्ययोगः

(5) क्रीणातु, आगच्छतु, अनुभवतु, ददातु, करोतु such verbs are of imperative mood, third person singular. The teacher will often use such verbs while dealing in the class to give instructions to the students. The students will listen to them carefully and understand their meaning.

(6) To introduce verbs such as आगच्छतु, उत्तिष्ठतु, लिखतु,पठतु, करोतु the teacher will ask the students to do any action by calling his/her name. e.g., माधवः आगच्छतु। अब्दुलः पठतु। कविता लिखतु । मनोजः उत्तिष्ठतु। etc.. The students will do action according to their teacher’s instruction.

(7) आगत्य and दृष्ट्वा are past participles or gerunds.
The students will note down in their notebooks by finding them from the textbook.

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