GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक्

Gujarat Board GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक् Textbook Exercise Important Questions and Answers, Notes Pdf.

Gujarat Board Textbook Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक्

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit कोऽरुक् Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Pronounce the following words orally :

वैद्यर्षिः, शृणोति (शृणोति), हितभुक्, ऋतुभुक्, अनन्तरम्, स्वस्थानम्, कोऽरुक्, कोऽपि (कः अपि)
(Speak these words three times in clear and correct pronunciation under the guidance of your Sanskrit teacher.)

2. Answer the following questions in one sentence each in Sanskrit :

(१) पक्षी किं वदति?
Answer:
पक्षी वदति, “कोऽरुक्” इति ।

(२) पक्षी वने कुत्र उपविशति?
Answer:
पक्षी वने वृक्षे उपविशति ।

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक्

(३) वृक्षस्य अधः कः अस्ति?
Answer:
वृक्षस्य अधः वैद्यर्षिः वाग्भटः अस्ति ।

(४) ऋषिः किं वदति?
Answer:
ऋषिः वदति, “यः हितभुक्, मितभुक्, ऋतुभुक् अस्ति, सः अरुक् भवति” इति।

(५) सन्तुष्टः पक्षी कुत्र आगच्छति?
Answer:
सन्तुष्टः पक्षी ऋषिसमीपम् आगच्छति ।

3. Find out action-based words from the lesson and write them in the following blanks :

Example :
गच्छति, अस्ति, वदति, भवति,
अटति, पृच्छति, कुर्वन्ति, ददाति, उपविशति,
शृणोति (शृणोति), करोति, आगच्छति, नमति

4. Frame sentences as shown in the example :

Example: भिक्षुकः ………… गच्छति। (गृह)
Answer:
भिक्षुकः गृहम् गच्छति।

(१) शृगालः …………… भ्रमति। (वन)
Answer:
शृगालः वनम् भ्रमति ।

(२) नृपः ………….. गच्छति। (नगर)
Answer:
नृपः नगरम् गच्छति।

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक्

(३) साधुः …………… विहरति। (तीर्थ)
Answer:
साधुः तीर्थम् विहरति

(४) पक्षी ………… अटति। (द्वार)
Answer:
पक्षी द्वारम् अटति।

5. Frame sentences as shown in the example:

Example:
पक्षी ………. गच्छति ………. उपविशति च। (वन, वृक्ष)
Answer:
पक्षी वनं गच्छति वृक्षे उपविशति च।

(१) छात्रः ………. गच्छति ……… उपविशति च। (शाला, आसन)
Answer:
छात्रः शालां गच्छति आसने उपविशति च।

(२) अधिकारी …………… गच्छति …………… उपविशति च।(कार्यालय, आसन्द)
Answer:
अधिकारी कार्यालयं गच्छति आसन्दे उपविशति च।

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक्

(३) भक्तः …….. गच्छति ………… उपविशति च। (मन्दिर, पूजास्थान)
Answer:
भक्तः मन्दिरं गच्छति पूजास्थाने उपविशति च ।

(४) सिंहः …………… गच्छति …………… उपविशति च। (वन, वृक्षतल)
Answer:
सिंहः वनं गच्छति वृक्षतले उपविशति च।

Sanskrit Digest Std 7 GSEB कोऽरुक् Important Questions and Answers

1. Answer the following questions in one or two sentences each in Sanskrit :

(१) पक्षी आकाशे कुत्र गच्छति?
Answer:
पक्षी आकाशे अत्र तत्र गच्छति ।

(२) पक्षी पुनः पुनः किं वदति?
Answer:
पक्षी पुनः पुनः वदति – “कोऽरुक्?” इति ।

(३) कोऽरुक्’ – इति शब्दस्य कः अर्थः?
Answer:
‘कोऽरुक्’ इति शब्दस्य अर्थः ‘क: नीरोगः भवति’ इति ।

(४) पक्षी कुत्र अटति?
Answer:
पक्षी द्वारं द्वारम् अटति ।

(५) पक्षी किं पृच्छति?
Answer:
पक्षी एकम् एव प्रश्नं पृच्छति – “कोऽरुक्?” इति ।

(६) जनाः किं कुर्वन्ति?
Answer:
जनाः उपहासं कुर्वन्ति ।

(७) कोऽपि किं न ददाति?
Answer:
कोऽपि उत्तरं न ददाति ।

(८) वाग्भटः कः अस्ति?
Answer:
वाग्भटः वैद्यर्षिः अस्ति।

(९) वाग्भट: किं शृणोति?
Answer:
पक्षी पुनः वदति – “कोऽरुक्? कोऽरुक्?” इति । वाग्भटः तत् शृणोति।

(१०) कः ऋषि वाग्भटं नमति?
Answer:
पक्षी ऋषि वाग्भटं नमति ।

2. write synonyms of the following Sanskrit words :

(१) पक्षी = खगः, विहगः
(२) आकाशे = गगने
(३) पुनः पुनः = वारंवारम्
(४) अरुक् = नीरोगः
(५) जनाः = मनुष्याः
(६) वृक्षः = पादपः

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक्

3. Write opposite Sanskrit words :

(१) अत्र x तत्र
(२) नीरोग: x सरोगः
(३) निराशः x साशः
(४) गच्छति x आगच्छति
(५) अधः x उपरि
(६) हितम् x अहितम्
(७) मितम् x अमितम्
(८) सन्तुष्टः x असन्तुष्टः
(९) समीपम् x दूरम्

कोऽरुक् Summary in English

The small story in this chapter shows the importance of our physical health. It warns us for our bad habit of our life-style and food. Our mind and soul become pure (sacred) only after by cleanliness of our body. The story teaches the children to be aware of their food-eating-habits and the importance of their physical health.
GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक् 1

There is a bird. It goes here and there in the sky. It speaks again and again, “Who is healthy ? (Who is without any disease ?)”
GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक् 2
The bird wanders door to door. It asks only one question. People ridicule it. Nobody answers it. The bird becomes disappointed.
GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक् 3

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक्

It goes in the forest and sits on a tree. There is vaidya Rishi Vagbhat under the tree. The bird again speaks, “Who is healthy? Who is healthy ?” Vagbhat hears it.
GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक् 4

It says, “Balanced (Beneficial) meal eater, limited (measured) meal eater (and) eater according to a season.” (That) means : “The person who takes balanced meal, who takes meal in proper quantity and who takes meal according to the season, remains healthy.”
GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक् 5

Word Meanings

[Page 7] एकः – one. पक्षी – bird. सः – It. आकाशे – in the sky. अत्र तत्र – here and there. गच्छति – is going. पुनः पुनः – again and again, often. वदति – speaks. कोऽरुक् (कः + अरुक्) – Who is healthy ? नीरोग: – healthy, free from disease. भवति – is, lives. द्वारं द्वारम् – door to door. अटति – wanders, moves. पृच्छति – asks. जनाः – people. उपहासम् – ridicule, fun. कुर्वन्ति-do. कोऽपि (कः अपि)- anyone, anybody. न ददाति -does not give. निराशः – disappointed. वनं (वनम्) – in the forest. गपविशाति च – and sits. वृक्षस्य अधः – under the tree. वैधार्षि – the doctor, the वागमटः – Vagbhat; a Guru of Ayurveda. पुनः – again. शुणोति( श्रृणोति) – hears, listens to. हितमुक् – one that takes balanced (beneficial) meal. मितमुक् – one who takes meal in proper quantity, one who takes measured meal. ऋतुभुक् ( ऋतमुक्) – one who takes meal according to a season. अर्थः – (that) means. यः-who. ऋतु-अनुसारम् – according to the season. सः एव – only he.
[Page 8] He: – satisfied, contented. ऋषिसमीपम् – near the Rishi. आगच्छति – comes. ऋर्षि (ऋषिम्) -to the Rishi. नमति – bows. अनन्तरं (अनन्तरम्) – then. स्वस्थानं (स्वस्थानम्)- own place.

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक्

स्मृतिस्थं कुरुत – Remember

Other words as ‘वैद्यर्षिः’ –
देवर्षिः (देव + ऋषिः) – नारदमुनिः देवर्षिः अस्ति ।
राजर्षिः (राजा + ऋषिः) – जनकः राजर्षिः अस्ति।
महर्षिः (महा + ऋषिः) – वेदव्यासः महर्षिः अस्ति।
ब्रह्मर्षिः (ब्रह्म + ऋषिः) – वसिष्ठः ब्रह्मर्षिः अस्ति।

Form of the pronoun किम् –
In masculine कः, in feminine का and in neuter किम् forms are used. All the three forms are of first case singular.
कः बालकः (Which boy)। का बालिका (Which girl)। किम् पुस्तकम् (Which book)। कः सुरेशः (Which Suresh) का सीता (Which Seeta)। for foreft (Which work)

Introduction of forms of the verbs अस्ति / नास्ति
If the book is there on the table, it is said – लेखनपीठे पुस्तकम् अस्ति।
and if the book is not there on the
table it is said – लेखनपीठे पुस्तकं नास्ति

As आकाशे (in the sky) by derivations as गृहे, हस्ते the meaning of seventh case is
हस्ते लेखनी अस्ति (The pen is there on the hand.)
गृहे माता अस्ति (Mother is there in the house.)

Activities

(1) Read the chapter is that?’ with correct pronunciation and action under the guidance of the teacher.

(2) Discuss these three words हितभुक्, मितभुक् and ऋतभुक् among the students and with the teacher. The students should discuss the following questions in details in group discussion :

  • Balanced meal means which kind of meal ?
  • What is the meaning of proper quantity meal ?
  • How is the meal according to a season ?
  • What happens if we don’t care in taking meal ?

(3) Present this story with action under the guidance of the teacher. (You can enact this story by making one student as a bird, one student as Vagbhat and three students as ordinary persons.)

GSEB Solutions Class 7 Sanskrit Chapter 3 कोऽरुक्

( 4 ) The teacher should represent this story by the students through a puppet show. The teacher will make the students a bird, Vagbhat and three ordinary persons’ puppets and also a tree’s puppet. The teacher will make the students present the story.

(5) The teacher will tell the students to collect proverbs.
e.g.आरोग्यं परमं सुखम्, शरीरम् आंध खलु धमसाधनम् etc.

(6) Draw a picture of a bird with the help of your drawing teacher. Fill colours in the picture.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *