# GSEB Solutions Class 11 Maths Chapter 1 Sets Ex 1.5

Gujarat Board GSEB Textbook Solutions Class 11 Maths Chapter 1 Sets Ex 1.5 Textbook Questions and Answers.

## Gujarat Board Textbook Solutions Class 11 Maths Chapter 1 Sets Ex 1.5

Question 1.
Let U = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9}, A = {1, 2, 3, 4}, B = {2, 4, 6, 8}, C = {3, 4, 5, 6}
Find:
(i) A’
(ii) B’
(iii) (A âˆª C)’
(iv) (A âˆª B)’
(v) (A’)’
(vi) (B – C)’
Solution:
(i) A’ = U – A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} – {1, 2, 3, 4}
= {5, 6, 7, 8, 9}.

(ii) B’ = (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} – {2, 4, 6, 8}
= {1, 3, 5, 7, 9}.

(iii) A âˆª C = {1, 2, 3, 4} âˆª {3, 4, 5, 6} = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}
âˆ´ (A âˆª C)’ = (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} – {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} = {7, 8, 9}.

(iv) A âˆª B = {1, 2, 3, 4} âˆª {2, 4, 6,8} = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8}.
âˆ´ (A âˆª B)’ = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} – {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8} = {5, 7, 9}

(v) A’ = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} – {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8}
(A’)’ = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} – {1, 2, 3, 4} = {5, 6, 7, 8, 9}
= {1, 2, 3, 4}.

(vi) B – C = {2, 4, 6, 8} – {3, 4, 5, 6} = {2, 8}
(B – C)’ = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} – {2, 8}
= {1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9}.

Question 2.
If U = {a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h}, find the complements of the following sets:
A = {a, b, c}, B = {d, e, f, g}, C = {a, c, e, g}, D = {f, g, h, a}
Solution:
(i) Aâ€™ = U – A = {a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h} – {a, b, c} = {d, e, f, g, h).
(ii) B’ = {a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h} – {d, e, f, g} = {a, b, c, h}.
(iii) C’ = {a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h} – {a, c, e, g} = {b, d, f, h}.
(iv) D’ = {a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h} – {f, g, h, a} = {b, c, d, e}.

Question 3.
Taking the set of natural numbers as universal set, write down the complements of the following sets:

1. {x : x is an even number}
2. {x : x is an odd number}
3. {x : x is a positive multiple of 3}
4. {x : x is a prime number}
5. {x : x is a natural number divisible by 3 and 5}
6. {x : x is a perfect square}
7. (x : x is a perfect cube}
8. {a : x + 5 = 8}
9. {x : 2x + 5 = 9}
10. {x : x â‰¥ 7}
11. {x : x âˆˆ N and 2x + 1 > 10}

Solution:

1. {x : x is an odd natural number}
2. {x : x is an even natural number}
3. {x : x âˆˆ N and x is not a multiple of 3}
4. {x : x is a composite number or x = 1}
5. {x : x âˆˆ N and x is neither divisible by 3, nor by 5}
6. {x : x âˆˆ N, and x is not a perfect square}
7. {x : x âˆˆ N and x is not a perfect cube}
8. {x : x âˆˆ N, and x â‰  3}
9. {x : x âˆˆ N, and x â‰  2}
10. {x : x âˆˆ N, and x < 7}
11. {x : x âˆˆ N and x â‰¤ $$\frac{9}{2}$$}

Question 4.
If U = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9}, A = {2, 4, 6, 8}, B = {2, 3, 5, 7}. Verify that:
(i) (A âˆª B)’ = A’ âˆ© B ‘
(ii) (A âˆ© B)’ = A’ âˆª B’
Solution:
(i) A âˆª B = {2, 4, 6, 8} âˆª {2, 3, 5, 7} = {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8}
(A âˆª B)’ = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} – {2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8} = {1, 9}
A’ = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} – {2, 4, 6, 8}
= {1, 3, 5, 7, 9}
B’ = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} – {2, 3, 5, 7} = {1, 4, 6, 8, 9}
A’ âˆ© B’ = {1, 3, 5, 7, 9} âˆ© {1, 4, 6, 8, 9} = {1, 9}.
âˆ´ (A âˆª B)’ = A’ âˆ© B’.

(ii) A âˆ© B = {2, 4, 6, 8} âˆ© {2, 3, 5, 7} = {2} .
(A âˆ© B)’ = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9} – {2} = {1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9}
A’ âˆª B’ = {1, 3, 5, 7, 9} âˆª {1, 4, 6, 8, 9}
= {1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9}.
Hence, (A âˆ© B)’ = A’ âˆª B’.

Question 5.
Draw appropriate Venn diagram for each of the following:

1. (A âˆª B)’
4. A’ âˆª B’

Solution:
1. Shaded Area (A âˆª B)’

4. A’ âˆª B’ = All shaded area formed by all horizontal and vertical lines.

Question 6.
Let U be the set of all triangles in a plane. If A is the set of all triangles with at least one angle different from 60Â°, what is A’?
Solution:
A is the set of triangles in which no triangle is equilateral.
âˆ´ A’ = set of equilateral triangles.

Question 7.
Fill in the blanks to make each of the following a true statement:

1. A âˆª A’ = …………………….
2. Ï•’ âˆ© A = …………………….
3. A âˆ© A’ = ………………….
4. U’ âˆ© A = …………………..

Solution:
Let U be the universal set.

1. A âˆª Aâ€™ = U