GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

   

Gujarat Board GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Second Language Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.

GSEB Std 11 English Textbook Solutions Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health (2nd Language)

GSEB Class 11 English Yog for Health Text Book Questions and Answers

Answer the following questions in three to four sentences each:

Question 1.
How would you use this information on Yog for improving your health ?
Answer:
Yog provides work-out for our muscles. It benefits joints, ligaments and the skeletal system by improving flexibility and balance. It is good for the heart and stimulates the cardiovascular system. It is good for the digestive system, the nervous system and supports respiratory system. It enables the various endocrinal glands to function properly and reduces tension and anxiety.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

Question 2.
Do you know anybody who is doing Yog regularly? Discuss about his/her health.
Answer:
Yes, I know an uncle in our society who does Yog regularly. He had some problems like backache, knee ache, etc. before he joined Yog. But after joining Yog, within a few weeks, he had no complaints. He seems to be energetic. He goes for regular walk and spares almost two hours for Yog everyday. He also motivates others to join Yog.

Question 3.
What is remarkable about Yog – as a science of life ?
Answer:
Yog is a time-trusted technique for physical, mental and spiritual development. It teaches us how to live healthy and happy. It  is a holistic exercise that provides physical, mental as well as spiritual benefits. Yog has the capacity to bring about fundamental transformation in the individual.

Question 4.
How is Yog a holistic work-out for physical health ?
Answer:
Yog is a holistic exercise that provides physical, mental as well as spiritual benefits. It provides work-out for muscles. It also benefits joints and the skeletal system by improving flexibility and
balance. It is good for the heart and it stimulates the cardiovascular system.

It oxygenates the blood and helps strengthen the heart. It is good for the digestive system, the nervous system and supports respiratory system. It enables various endocrinal glands to function properly and reduces tension and anxiety.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

Question 5.
What help does Yog provide to make us happier and comfortable?
Answer:
Yog is a holistic exercise that provides physical, mental as well as spiritual benefits. It helps improve almost all systems of our body, i. e., the skeletal system, the cardiovascular system, the digestive system, the nervous system and the respiratory system. It also helps cure many of our psychological problems. Thus, by helping us in many psychophysical elements, it leads us to happier and comfortable life.

Additional Questions

Short Notes

Write short notes focussing on the questions :

(1) Yog for Health

  • What is yog ?
  •  What does it offer ?
  • What are its benefits ? Describe in detail.

Answer:
Yog is one of the most ancient sciences of India. It offers a time-trusted technique for physical, mental and spiritual development. Yog has capacity to bring about fundamental transformation in the individual. Yog is a holistic exercise that provides physical, mental as well as spiritual benefits. It provides workout for the muscles.

It also benefits joints, ligaments and skeletal system by providing flexibility and balance. It is good for heart and stimulates the cardiovascular system. It oxygenates the blood and helps strengthen the heart.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

It is good for the digestive system, the nervous system and supports the respiratory system. It enables various endocrinal glands to function properly and reduces tension and anxiety. Yog is useful in many psycho-physical ailments.

(2) Surya Namaskar – a Form of Yog

  • What is Surya Namaskar ?
  • What does Surya Namaskar include ?
  • What is Surya Namaskar a combination of?
  • What are the benefits of Surya Namaskar at large ?

Answer:
Surya Namaskar is an ancient form of yog. It is a complete meditative technique. It includes Asanas and Pranayam. It is a combination of 12 different postures. These postures are followed in a particular sequence with a specific breathing pattern.

It helps an individual to vitalize and  unblock the whole system. It reduces fat from almost all parts of the body as it stretches and  tones each and every muscle. All the postures are to be done one after another and each posture has its own benefit.

The major benefits of each posture of yog are given under at large :
(1) Stimulates respiratory system.
(2) Promotes digestion, tones the spine.
(3) Promotes blood circulation, tones abdominal tracts, stimulates spinal nerves and lymphatic system.
(4) Exercises spine, strengthens hand and wrist muscles.
(5) Strengthens the heart, relieves neck and shoulder tension.
(6) Strengthens leg and arm muscles. The later six postures are reverted and have almost the same benefits as the first six ones.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

Reading Comprehension

Read the extracts and answer the questions:

(1) Surya Namaskar is an ancient form of Yog. This form of Yog is a complete meditative technique. It includes Asans and Pranayam. It is s a combination of 12 different postures, followed in a particular sequence with a specific breathing pattern. It helps an individual to vitalize and unblocks the whole system. It reduces fat from almost all parts of the body as it stretches and tones each and every muscle.

Questions:
(1) What is Surya Namaskar ? What does it include ?
(2) How does Surya Namaskar help us ?
Answer:
(1) Surya Namaskar is an ancient pattern of Yog. It is a complete meditative technique. It includes Asans’ and Pranayam’. It is a combination of 12 different postures.
(2) Yog helps an individual to vitalize and unblocks the whole system. It reduces fat from almost all parts of our body as it stretches and 3 tones each and every muscle.

(2) Bend forward and place your palms at the side of your feet. Touch your knee with forehead  and exhale deeply. (Promotes blood circulation, ( tones abdominal tracts, stretches back and leg muscles, stimulates spinal nerves, and stimulates (lymphatic system.)

Questions:
(1) What is to be done in the third posture of ‘Surya Namaskar’ ?
(2) How does the third posture of ‘Surya Namaskar’ help us?
Answer:
(1) In the third posture of ‘Surya Namaskar, the person has to bend forward and place his palms at the side of his feet. He has to touch his knee with forehead and exhale deeply.
(2) The third posture of ‘Surya Namaskar’ promotes blood circulation, tones abdominal tracts, stretches back and leg muscles, stimulates spinal nerves and lymphatic system.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

Question 2.
Write a message to your friend suggesting him benefits of Yog in 40 words.
Answer:
April 23, 2019 b
Dear Tirth,
I have joined Yog for the last three months and found miraculous transformation in my body. On a suggestion of my elderly neighbour, I joined Yog classes where we were taught ‘Asanas’ and ‘Pranayam’. Initially, it was very strenuous and I felt like dropping it, but I did not lose patience and carried it on.

After a month, I started feeling relief in my aches. By and by I lost my fatigue complaint. Then I started feeling hungry on and off and my digestive system also started functioning very well.

Now I do not feel sleepy while studying and feel quite energetic all through the day and enjoy sound sleep at night. Isn’t it miraculous, friend ?
Rohan Mehta

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

3. Do you have any health problems ? Which Suryanamaskar positions will be more helpful to you?

Yes, I have got problem with my back. It aches every now and then. It becomes difficult for me to keep on sitting for long and riding a cycle is an ordeal for me. I think for this cure, position no. 3, 4, 6 and 7 of Suryanamaskar can be beneficial for me.

4. Enlist any three benefits of Suryanamaskar.

(1) Suryanamaskar stimulates the respiratory system. (Position 1)
(2) Suryanamaskar stimulates spinal nerves and lymphatic system. (Position 3)
(3) Suryanamaskar stimulates circulation to abdominal organs, tones digestive track, promotes flexibility in back and stimulates nerves in spine. (Position 7)

Vocabulary

1. Complete the sentences with a word from the below:

[circulation, digestion, excretion, muscles, nerves, reproduction, respiration, senses, skeleton]
(1) The set of bones that form the body’s framework is called skeleton.
(2) The process of breaking food down into nutrient is called digestion.
(3) The process by which the waste products leave the body is called excretion.
(4) The movement of blood around in the body is called circulation.
(5) The cells that transmit the signals that let us think, feel and act are called nerves.
(6) The organs with which we see, hear, smell, taste and feel are called senses.
(7) Breathing in and out in order to absorb the oxygen and expel carbon dioxide is called respiration.

2. Given below is a list of specialist doctors and the parts of the body they treat. Match ‘A’ with ‘B’ What do that ? Find out from dictionary.

  ‘A’ ‘B’
(1) Cardiologist (A) teeth
(2) Dentist (B)eyes
(3) Dermatologist (C) heart
(4) Paediatrician (D) bones
(5) Opthalmologist (E) skin
(6) Neurologist (F) children
(7) Orthopaedist (G) brain / nerves

Answer:
(1) → (C), (2) → (A), (3) → (E), (4) → (F), (5)→ (B), (6)→ (G), (7) → (D).

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

3. Fill in the blanks using the proper forms of the following words:

(stimulate, digest, circulate, respiratory, strength)
Answer:
The Suryanamaskar strengthens a person’s muscles. It improves the respiration by helping lungs to be strong. The fast circulation of blood makes way for the digestion of the food that is taken. It provides stimulation to the nerves in spine.

4. Find adjective forms of the following words from the text and fill in the blanks:

(1) Diet: Dietary problems
(2) Physique : Physical fitness
(3) Spirit: Spiritual approach
(4) Continuity : Continual / Continuous adjustment
(5) Psychology : Psychological effects
(6) Mind : Mental peace

5. Create your own sentences using the adjectives just identified

(1) My friend is hospitalised for some severe dietary problems.
(2) Mental disturbance tell upon our physical health.
(3) Psychological problems cannot be remedied as fast as physical problems.
(4) At continual intervals I keep in touch with my old friends.
(5) Your spiritual strength keeps you away from many worldly issues.
(6) Rutesh is suffering from some mental I disorder.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

6. Find more words that start with ‘Quick’ and find out their meaning:

Quick-fix, Quick-pill, Quick-lime, Quick-sand,Quick-steps, Quick-silver
Answer:
(1) Quick-fire : Happening very quickly, one after another
(2) Quick-one : (Used in sense of drink) to have a drink (alcoholic) before going somewhere
(3) Quick-temper : Become angry very easily
(4) Quick-witted : Able to reply in a clever or funny way without thinking for a long time
(5) Quick-bite : Eat some food or a small meal

7. Frame sentences using each set of words:

(1) organic – nourish – fitness
Sentence: Organic food nourishes us and enhances fitness.

(2) negative – weak – mental
Sentence : Negative thoughts weaken our mental health.

(3) quick-pill – harm – health
Sentence : Practice of taking quick-pills harms our health.

(4) goal – release – sorrow
Sentence: The ultimate goal of Ayurved is to release sorrow and bring happiness.

(5) anxious – harm – stable
Sentence: Our anxious nature harms our mental health and our mind cannot keep stable.

(6) proper – improve – health
Sentence: Ayurved dictates proper therapy to improve our health.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

8. Complete the sentences with verbs that are also the body parts and fill in the  crossword puzzle:

• Across:
3. I can’t all the violence shown on TV.
5. I like to the words while my sister sings the song.
8. Let’s the problem, shall we ?
9. They go to the porch to in the dark.

• Down:
1. We missed the bus, so we have to …………… it now.
2. I’ll the responsibility for my behaviour.
4. They had to ………….. the warships with nuclear weapons.
6. The president has to ………………. the committee.
7. Who can ……………. the car out of the garage ?

Body parts used as verbs.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health 1

• Across :
3. I can’t stomach all the violence shown on TV.
5. I like to mouth the words while my sister sings the song.
8. Let’s face the problem, shall we ?
9. They go to the porch to neck in the dark.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

• Down :
1. We missed the bus, so we have to foot it now.
2. I’ll shoulder the responsibility for my behaviour.
4. They had to arm the warships with nuclear weapons.
6. The president has to head the committee.
7. Who can back the car out of the garage?

Function

1. Read the following dialogue. Notice the functions of the words printed in bold letters:

Patient: I am suffering from cold.
Doctor : You should take rest. (Suggestion)
Patient: Sir, I am suffering from fever also.
Doctor : Then you ought to take medicine.(Stronger suggestion)
Patient: Sir, what should I eat ?
Doctor : You should eat normal food. You had better take rest for two days. (Stronger suggestion than ought to)
Patient: Sir, could I drink cold water ?
Doctor : No, you had better not.
Now, complete the following conversation using should, ought to, or had better whichever is suitable.

Fill in the blanks:

(1) Teacher : Hello friends. You should submit your assignment today.
Rutvij : It is about to complete.
Teacher : You ought to complete it in time.
Rutvij : I am having trouble with it.
Teacher : You had better take help from your group.

(2) Krishna : Hi Sanjana ! What’s wrong ?
Sanjana: I am not well. What should I do ?
Krishna: You ought to take rest.
Sanjana: I am going to meet my friends.
Krishna: You had better stay at home.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

2. Encircle the incorrect part and rewrite correct sentences:

(1) I should (to go ) to the post office today.
I should go to the post office today.

(2) I ought (paying) my bills today.
I ought to pay my bills today.

(3) ( You’d ) had better ( to call ) the doctor today.
You had better call the doctor today.

(4) You (don’t should) stay up too late tonight.
You should not stay up too late tonight.

(5) You had (to better) not leave that spot.
You had better not leave that spot.

3. Read about the problems and give advice or suggestions. (Positive and Negative)

Example: Bobby is weak in study, (should)
Answer:
1. He should study regularly.
2. He should not waste his time.

(1) Krutarth eats junk food, (should)
Answer:
1. Krutarth should not eat junk food.
2. Krutarth should avoid eating junk food.

(2) My friend doesn’t get much sleep at night, (had better)
Answer:
1. My friend had better get enough sleep at night.
2. My friend had better not keep awake till late at night.

(3) She does not get enough vitamins. (ought to)
Answer:
1. She ought to take enough vitamins.
2. She ought not to ignore taking enough vitamins.

(4) He never takes exercises, (had better)
Answer:
1. He had better take exercises.
2. He had better not avoid taking exercises.

(5) He does not read the newspaper, (should)
Answer:
1. He should read the newspaper.
2. He should not ignore reading the newspaper.

4. Write five suggestions for a tourist in your home town using the words given in the brackets:
Example: You had better not park your vehicle in no parking zone.

(1) You should use dustbin. (should, dustbin)
(2) You should obey traffic rules. (should, traffic rules)
(3) You ought to drive in the fixed lane. (ought to, drive)
(4) You had better not spit here.(had better, spit)
(5) You should avoid noise in this place. (should, noise)

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

5. Work in groups of three. Decide what advice you would give to the people in following situations. Write sentences using should, ought to and had better.

(1) That man on the motorbike isn’t wearing a helmet. That is dangerous.
Student 1 : He should not ride a motorbike without wearing a helmet.
Student 2 : He ought to wear a helmet.
Student 3 : He had better wear a helmet.

(2) When they went to the restaurant, there were no free tables. They hadn’t reserved one.

Student 1 : They should have reserved a table before going to the restaurant.
Student 2: They ought to have reserved a table before visiting the restaurant.
Student 3 : They had better have reserved a table before visiting the restaurant.

(3) The notice says that the shop is open everyday from 8.30. It is 9 o’clock now but the shop isn’t open yet.

Function
Student 1 : The owners should open the shop at 8.30 according to the notice.
Student 2 : The owners ought to open the shop at 8.30 as the notice reads.
Student 3 : The owners had better open the shop following their notice.

(4) The speed limit is 30 km an hour, but Kavita is driving at 50.
Student 1 : Kavita should obey the traffic rule of speed limit.
Student 2 : Kavita ought not to drive at 50 following the speed limit rule.
Student 3 : Kavita had better drive at 30 km an hour as the rule dictates

(5) Yuvraj is going for an interview. He has forgotten to take his documents.
Student 1 : Yuvraj should not forget his documents while going for the interview.
Student 2 : Yuvraj ought to have remembered taking his documents while going for the interview.
Student 3: Yuvraj had better take his documents while going for the interview.

(6) I feel sick. I ate too much.
Student 1 : I should not have eaten too much.
Student 2 : I  ought to have eaten in limit.
Student 3 : I had better not have eaten too much.

6. Imagine you are the manager of a hotel. Read the following sentences and give instructions using should / ought to / had better against each sentence:

Example:
(1) Some people are making loud noise.
Sentence: You should speak in a low voice.

(2) Cars have been left just outside the hotel entrance.
Sentence: You ought not to have left your cars just outside the hotel entrance.

(3) Some visitors have brought their dog inside.
Sentence: The visitors had better not have brought their dog inside.

(4) People are washing clothes outside their rooms.
Sentence: People ought not to wash their clothes outside their rooms.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

(5) Some of the waiters have started growing long hair.
Sentence: The waiters ought not to grow long hair.

7. Your friend is going to participate in a sports event. Write five suggestions to guide him.

(1) You should wear proper, befitting clothes for the event.
(2) You ought to follow the rules of the game sincerely.
(3) You should play with true sportsmanship.
(4) You should keep energy drink with you.
(5) You ought to be on time all through.

8. Observe how should / ought to / had better are used for seeking and giving advice in the paragraph:

A young boy came to me and asked, “How should I prepare for the exam ?” I replied, “You should prepare a timetable and follow it strictly.” He further asked, “What should I do if I come across some difficulties ?” I advised, “You had better consult your parents or teachers.” He then asked, “What should I do if I cannot do as they say?” I told him, “Nothing is impossible. You ought to work hard and trust yourself.” Now work in pairs. Prepare a list of tips for your younger brother/sister advising him/ her how he/she should prepare for the talent search test / swimming competition / hostel life. Compare your list of tips with that of your partner.
Answer:
My sister asked, “Which books should I refer to get extra knowledge for the talent search exam?” I suggested, “You had better browse net for that.” “What special care should I take for the swimming competition?” my brother asked. “You should explore your guts rather than imitate others,” I advised. “My roommate is a non-vegetarian, how should I deal with him?” my brother asked. “You should consult the warden and request him. You had better shift to another room,” I suggested.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

Question 9.
Write an e-mail to your friend suggesting him what to do for the next exam.
Answer:
To : kalgidave20@gmail.com
Subject: Tips for your coming exam.
Dear Kalgi,
I know you are a little tense regarding your coming exam, but tension will spoil the game. Instead try to build up confidence. So far nobody in the world has gone to the exam hall with 100% preparation, so even if some preparation is still left, ignore it.

Concentrate on what you have done so far. No question paper is hard in reality, what makes it hard is our lack of confidence. Keep on revising whatever you have prepared so far and feel confident about it.

Refer to the previous question papers to make yourself aware of the pattern and FAQs. Don’t write too long. Answer pointwise. Arrange the answers in proper order. Don’t overwrite or make messy. Write in good hand.
Nothing more to a wise girl like you. All the best.
Truly yours,
Chiranjeev Shukla

Writing

(A) You are invited to cover a press conference of a famous personality. As a press reporter frame two questions on each point. (Select any six points.)

Name:
1. Sir, people know you by your nickname, but what is your real name?
2. How did you get your nickname? Was it your choice or given by someone else?

Why is he/she famous?
1. Sir, today your name does not require any identity. How’s that?
2. What, in particular, made you so famous ?

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

Native place:
1. Sir, where were you born ? I mean your native place ?
2. Have you ever been to your native place ? Is there your parental home in your native place ?

Childhood:
1. Sir, you were born somewhere else, but where did you spend your childhood?
2. Were you with your parents or somebody else took care of you when you were a child?

Education:
1. Sir, what is your academic qualification ?
2. Why did you leave your studies after your bachelors ?

Hobbies:
1. What have been your hobbies all through ?
2. How come that you selected altogether a different field from your hobbies?

Daily routine:
1. May we have a little glimpse of your daily routine ?
2. How do you spare time for your family from such a busy schedule ?

Problems faced in achieving this height:
1. We know that achieving success is not a bed of roses. What ordeals did you pass through to reach this height ?
2. Can you mention one or two incidents wherein you lost your patience and courage and decided to drop the pursuit?

Present activities:
1. We know it well that presently you are not working for fame or riches, then what are the activities that you keep yourself engaged in ?
2. Sir, what do you do for recreation ?
3. Which activities for charity do you carry out sir?

Achievements and awards:
1. Sir, you have got a number of appreciation awards, Can we know about some of them ?
2. Which award counts most for you, sir, and why?

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

Aspirations:
1. After reaching this enviable height, I think, you need nothing more in life, yet, can we know what is that you are still craving for ?
2. What is your final destination on the path of your achievements, sir ?

Success Mantra:
1. Sir, you have come through a long way and have become role model for some people. Can you give them your ‘Success Mantra’ ?
2. Successful people often say that hard work and perseverance are the two magics with which one can achieve grand success, but what is it other than that for your success ?

(B) Imagine that after ten years you become a famous personality. Now write a paragraph on yourself based on the imaginary answers to these questions.

I was born and brought up in a mediocre farmer family in an interior village of Gujarat. A good school was a dream for us, but I had great interest in sports and games. In almost every game, I topped. Sometimes I bunked school and went out to play with my friends. Seeing this talent in me, once our team was sent at taluka place to play cricket. There I took 8 wickets and scored 67 runs. I was selected for district and then for state level cricket.

My performance was beyond par and I was selected to play Ranji Trophy. A special coach was assigned to me and I became hot favourite. My State Sports Authorities recommended me for national team, and that’s how I am here with great perseverance and by the grace of God. I kept on my net practice and went on flourishing. Once or twice I failed too, I was greatly disappointed, but I did not lose patience.

Once or twice I was dropped from the team for my occasional poor bowling, but I came back with a bang. I know I cannot spend enough time for my family and carry out social obligations satisfactorily, but career is career after all.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

So far I have got 17 ‘Man of the match’ awards and 7 ‘Man of the series’ awards. I am happy with my performance in international cricket, too. Neither our humble birth nor poor education comes in the way of our achievements if we are optimistic and ready to face adversities in life.

Question 2.
Write a paragraph describing your routine, food habits, exercise, nature, etc. that would help you to become and remain a healthy person.
Answer:
Health Plan
I get up at 5 a.m. every morning. After brushing my teeth I go to a park for jogging. At 6 a.m. I come back, take bath, put on uniform and be ready for school. Mom serves me snacks and milk. I go to school and in the recess I take light breakfast. I just prefer oat products or corn-flakes which are very nutritious. My lunch also consists of a balanced diet and I eat very moderately. I avoid eating junk food, bakery items or eatables made out of ‘maida’.

In the afternoon I do my homework, extra reading and net browsing for extra knowledge. Every evening is my play time. I play street games and sports on the playground. It energises me abundantly. I am sociable, like to make more friends.

I keep cheerful by playing practical jokes and making fun. I have got a stout body and can carry out any physical task. This way of my living enables me to take part in various activities and keeps me active. I never allow stress; worries are safely discouraged. I am happy and healthy that way!

Question 3.
You are participating in a two minute elocution competition on ‘Cleanliness Campaign for our Street’. Write your speech in about 15 sentences.
Answer:
April 24, 2019
‘Pranam’ to the principal, all the teachers and elders and love to my schoolmates, The appeal of our Prime Minister for cleanliness has rather awakened all the citizens of our country and different agencies at various places have taken up the cleanliness campaign considering it their moral duty. You all are well- aware of this. In the same course, we also will have to contribute. ‘Cleanliness’ is next to ‘Godliness’. We usually seek God’s blessings for keeping us healthy.

We will keep healthy and happy only if we keep our surroundings clean. The direct advantage of cleaning streets is that they will look nice as well as we’ll keep ourselves far from diseases. But, beyond that, if we take up this task in our hands, it will provide a great motivation to others. We should not think that cleaning is a mean task.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

Gandhiji used to clean the toilets himself. How can it be a shameful task ? In fact, it is a task that should bring us pride. After cleaning, we should swear not to make it dirty again. How can a dirt-doer be greater than a dirt-cleaner ? Let’s join hands and keep our streets and consequently our city, our state and our nation clean.

Activity

1. Fill in column 1 and 2 individually. Then, discuss better solutions with your bench partner for each situation and fill column 3:

1. The problem 2. Usual solution 3. Better solution
I get angry when I am over worked. I get relaxed when I complete my work. I should plan and decide priorities.
I get tired when I work too much. In order to relax, I take rest. I should do my work with great interest  and involvement.
I get irritated by mean comments. When I get irritated, I react accordingly on their face. I should ignore them.
I get frustrated when even after a lot of efforts, I don’t succeed in the job I have taken up. When I get frustrated. I start it again. I should replan and reschedule the job taking guidance of some experienced person and work it out diligently.
I fear putting unusual proposal to my father or my superiors. When I am scared, I get it done by someone else. I should gather courage and put it boldly with ability to convince them that you are not wrong or have any bad intention behind it.

Let’s do SWOT analysis:

Positive Negative
Inside Strengths Weaknesses
Outside Opportunities Threats

Question 3.
Sit with your parents and talk to them about your strengths and weaknesses that are within you. And also talk about opportunities and threats that are around you.
Answer:
Inside
Strengths in me :
tolerance, patience, dilligence, punctuality, clarity, accuracy, connvincing ability

Weaknesses in me :
lack of confidence, doubtfulness, feeling of insecurity, lack of courage, fear of spoiling image, – anticipated feeling of what others would think about me.

Outside
Opportunities around me: jobs at different places, starting business with friend, going abroad for further studies

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

Threats :
lack of family support, fear of suffering loss, doubts for Visit and interview an allopathic or an 5 Ayurvedic doctor. Find out his/her views about health care and medicine. Write a paragraph about his/her ideas.
Answer:
Interview with an allopathic doctor:
My friend’s uncle is an M.D. and has been practising for the last 20 years. Once in leisure hours, I got an opportunity to talk with him. Out of curiosity, I wanted to do comparative study of different ‘pathies’ about their effectiveness to health problems.

I asked Dr Mehta how allopathy is better than Ayurved and Homoeopathy. He was kind enough to put forward his views on allopathy. Very first thing he brought to my notice is allopathy is faster than other ‘pathies’ in healing.

Secondly, he said that no ‘Parheji’- strict observations are required like that in other ‘pathies’. So it is easier to take the treatment. Thirdly, allopathy has provided cure for previously incurable diseases like TB, Cancer, etc.

It has provided cures of various problems through surgery. It has increased the overall quality of life because problems can now be diagnosed much faster and accurately. It has its disadvantages also. Drugs like antibiotics have side-effects and can cause other health problems too.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

Allopathy cures by pressing down the disease for the time being. The disease is never rooted out in allopathic treatment. Still, with certain limitation, it is advisable to go for allopathic treatment in this fast age.

Yog for Health Summary in Gujarati

અહીં ભારતના સૌથી પ્રાચીન વિજ્ઞાન – યોગ વિશે વાત કરવામાં આવી છે. યોગ એ શારીરિક, માનસિક અને આધ્યાત્મિક વિકાસ માટે સમયની એરણે ખરી ઊતરેલી કસોટી છે. યોગમાં વ્યક્તિમાં જડમૂળથી રૂપાંતરણ કરવાની તાકાત છે. યોગ એક સર્વાગી કવાયત છે; જે શારીરિક, માનસિક અને આધ્યાત્મિક લાભ આપે છે અને શરીરને હંમેશ માટે સ્વસ્થ રાખે છે. યોગથી ઘણા શારીરિક તથા માનસિક રોગો દૂર થઈ શકે છે.

અહીં યોગના એક પ્રકાર – સૂર્યનમસ્કારની વાત કરવામાં આવી છે. વિવિધ 12 આસનોથી કરવામાં આવતા સૂર્યનમસ્કારમાં પ્રાણાયામ પણ સામેલ છે, જે શરીરને ચેતનવંતુ બનાવે છે. સૂર્યનમસ્કારનું દરેક આસન કેવી રીતે થાય તેની સમજ આપવામાં આવી છે અને જે-તે આસનથી શરીરના કયા તંત્ર ઉપર શી અસર થાય અને ક્યા લાભ થાય તે બાબતની અહીં વિગતે નોંધ કરવામાં આવી છે.

Phrases and Idioms

at a slow pace (योट य स स्त्रो पेस) with slow steps / speed – (धीभी गतिजे)

ભાષાંતર

ભારતનાં સૌથી પ્રાચીન વિજ્ઞાનોમાં યોગ એક છે. તે શારીરિક, માનસિક તથા માનસિક વિકાસ માટે સમયની એરણ પર નીવડેલી રીતો આપે છે. તે માનવજીવનનાં મહત્ત્વનાં પાસાઓને સાંકળી લે છે. તે માનવજાતિ જેટલી જ પ્રાચીન મનાય છે. યોગમાં વ્યક્તિમાં પાયાથી રૂપાંતરણ કરી શકવાની તાકાત છે.

યોગ એક સર્વગ્રાહી વ્યાયામ છે, જે શારીરિક તેમજ માનસિકની સાથે સાથે આધ્યાત્મિક પણ લાભ આપે છે. તે (યોગ) સ્નાયુઓ માટે (યોગ્ય) કસરત પૂરી પાડે છે. તે સંતુલન અને લચીલાપણામાં વધારો કરી (શરીરના) સાંધાઓ, મજ્જાઓ અને અસ્થિતંત્રને ફાયદો કરી આપે છે. તે હૃદય માટે સારું છે અને રુધિરાભિસરણતંત્રને ઉદીપ્ત કરે છે.

(વેગવંતુ બનાવે છે.) તે લોહીને પ્રાણવાયુ પૂરો પાડે છે અને હૃદયને મજબૂત બનાવવામાં મદદ કરે છે. તે પાચનતંત્ર અને ચેતાતંત્ર માટે લાભકર્તા છે અને શ્વસનતંત્રને પુષ્ટિ આપે છે. તે વિવિધ લસિકાગ્રંથિઓને યોગ્ય રીતે કાર્યાન્વિત રાખવામાં મદદ કરે છે અને તણાવ તથા ચિંતા ઘટાડે છે. જો તમે અનિદ્રાથી પિડાતા હો, તો યોગ તમને સારી રીતે ઊંઘવામાં મદદરૂપ થશે. આ રીતે અનેક મનોશારીરિક બાબતોમાં યોગ ઉપયોગી છે.

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

સૂર્યનમસ્કાર એ યોગનું પ્રાચીન સ્વરૂપ છે. યોગનું આ સ્વરૂપ તે સંપૂર્ણ ધ્યાનની પદ્ધતિ છે. તેમાં આસન અને પ્રાણાયામનો સમાવેશ થાય છે. તે નિયત શ્વાસોચ્છવાસ સાથે નિશ્ચિત ક્રમમાં અનુસરાતી 12 વિવિધ અંગસ્થિતિ(આસન)નો સમન્વય છે. તે વ્યક્તિને જીવંત (સ્કૂર્તિલી) રાખે છે અને સમગ્ર શરીરતંત્રની રુકાવટો દૂર કરે છે. દરેકેદરેક સ્નાયુને ખેંચીને લચીલો રાખતાં તે શરીરના લગભગ તમામ ભાગોમાંથી ચરબી ઘટાડે છે.

સૂર્યનમસ્કાર કેવી રીતે કરવા?
સૂર્યનમસ્કારનાં 12 આસનો અથવા સ્થિતિઓ છે. તેમના લાભનું વર્ણન કૌસમાં કરવામાં આવ્યું છે:

(1) તમારા પગને એકસાથે રાખી તમારી છાતી આગળ તમારા હાથને નમસ્કાર મુદ્રામાં રાખી ઊભા રહો. (સંતુલન વધારે છે; શ્વસનતંત્રને ગતિવંત બનાવે છે; ખભા, પીઠ તથા ગળાના સ્નાયુઓને કસરત આપે છે.)

(2) (તમારાં) બાવડાં કાનને અડે તે રીતે નમસ્કાર મુદ્રામાં ખભા અને માથાથી ઉપર તમારા હાથ ઊંચા કરો. શક્ય તેટલા વધારે તમારા પેટના સ્નાયુઓને ખેંચાણ આપો અને પાછળ ઝૂકો. (સંતુલન વધારે છે, પાચનક્રિયા ઝડપી બનાવે છે, હાથ અને ખભાના સ્નાયુઓને કસરત આપે છે, કરોડને લચીલી બનાવે છે તેમજ પીઠ તથા કૂલામાં પણ લચીલાપણું લાવે છે.)

(3) આગળ ઝૂકો અને તમારી હથેળીઓને તમારા પગની બાજુમાં રાખો. તમારા ઘૂંટણને તમારું કપાળ અડકાવો અને ઊંડો શ્વાસ બહાર કાઢો. (રુધિરાભિસરણ વધારે છે, પેટના સ્નાયુઓને લચીલા બનાવે છે, પીઠ અને પગના સ્નાયુઓને ખેંચાણ આપે છે, કરોડની ચેતાઓને વધારે ક્રિયાન્વિત કરે છે અને લસિકાગ્રંથિઓને ઉદ્દીપ્ત કરે છે.

(4) જમીન પર હથેળીઓ ટેકવી એક પગ પાછળ લો અને બીજો પગ આગળ રાખો. તમારું માથું ઊંચકો અને અંદર શ્વાસ લો. (કરોડની કસરત થાય છે, હાથ અને કાંડાના સ્નાયુ મજબૂત થાય છે.)

(5) આગળ રાખ્યો હતો તે પગ પાછળના પગ પાસે લઈ જાઓ, બંને હાથથી શરીરને ટેકો આપીને તમારા શરીરને ઉપરની તરફ ખેંચો અને નિતંબ જમીનથી ઊંચા રાખો અને શ્વાસ બહાર કાઢો. (રુધિરાભિસરણ ઝડપી બનાવે છે, હૃદયને બળ આપે છે, કાંડા અને હાથના સ્નાયુ (પણ) મજબૂત કરે છે, ડોક અને ખભાના તણાવમાંથી રાહત આપે છે.)

(6) તમારી હથેળીઓ છાતીની બાજુમાં રાખી જમીન પર જમાવી રાખી તમારા ઘૂંટણ, છાતી અને કપાળ નીચે નમાવો; તમારી કોણી ઉપરની તરફ વળેલી હોવી જોઈએ. અહીં તમારો શ્વાસ રોકી રાખો. (પગ અને હાથના સ્નાયુ મજબૂત કરે છે; ડોક અને ખભાનું લચીલાપણું વધારે છે; હાથ, ખભા, ડોક અને પીઠના સ્નાયુઓને ખેંચાણ આપે છે; પીઠના સ્નાયુઓને કસરત આપે છે; ડોક અને ખભાના તણાવમાંથી રાહત આપે છે.)

(7) તમારી કમર ઝુકાવો અને શરીરના ઉપલા ભાગને ઊંચે | ઉઠાવો. તમારા હાથ સીધા રાખો અને ઉપરની તરફ જુઓ. પછી ધીમી ગતિએ શ્વાસ લો. (પેટના અવયવોમાંના ભ્રમણને વધારે છે, પાચનમાર્ગને સુવ્યવસ્થિત કરે છે, શરીરના ઉપલા તથા નીચેના ભાગને ખેંચાણ આપે છે, પીઠમાં લચીલાપણું વધારે છે, અને કરોડમાં રહેલી ચેતાઓને ગતિવંત બનાવે છે.)

(8) તમારા નિતંબ ઉઠાવો, અને તમારું માથું જમીન પર અડકાવો, (આમ કરતાં) તમારી નજર તમારી પૂંટી તરફ હોવી જોઈએ અને તમારી એડીઓ જમીન સાથે જોડાયેલી. આ સ્થિતિ બરાબર ઊંધા ‘V’ જેવી દેખાશે, પછી શ્વાસ બહાર કાઢો. (રુધિરાભિસરણ વધારે છે, હૃદયને બળ આપે છે, હાથ અને કાંડાના સ્નાયુઓને મજબૂત કરે છે, ડોક અને ખભાના તણાવમાંથી રાહત આપે છે.)

GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Unit 4 Read 2 Yog for Health

(9) આ પગલામાં શરીરની) અંગસ્થિતિ બરાબર ચોથા પગલા જેવી જ રહેશે અને અંદર શ્વાસ લો. (કરોડને કસરત આપે છે, હાથ અને કાંડાના સ્નાયુઓને મજબૂત કરે છે.).

(10) આ પગલામાં અંગસ્થિતિ બરાબર ત્રીજા પગલા જેવી જ રહેશે અને શ્વાસ બહાર કાઢો. (રુધિરાભિસરણ ઝડપી બનાવે છે, પેટનાં અંગોને કાર્યક્ષમ કરે છે, પીઠ અને પગના સ્નાયુઓમાં ખેંચાણ આપે છે, કરોડની ચેતાઓને કાર્યાન્વિત કરે છે અને લસિકાગ્રંથિઓના સ્રાવને ઉદીપ્ત કરે છે.)

(11) આ પગલું બરાબર બીજા પગલા જેવું જ છે અને શ્વાસ અંદર લો. (સંતુલન વધારે છે, પાચનક્રિયા સુધારે છે, હાથ અને કાંડાના સ્નાયુઓને કસરત આપે છે, કરોડને કાર્યક્ષમ કરે છે, પીઠ અને નિતંબમાં લચીલાપણું લાવે છે.)

(12) આ પગલું સૂર્યનમસ્કારનો અંતિમ તબક્કો છે અને તે બરાબર પ્રથમ પગલા જેવો જ છે. તમારે અહીં સ્વાભાવિક શ્વાસ જ લેવાનો છે. (સંતુલન વધારે છે, શ્વસનતંત્રને ગતિવંત બનાવે છે, પીઠ અને ડોકના સ્નાયુઓને કસરત આપે છે.)

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