Gujarat Board GSEB Solutions Class 11 English Second Language Unit 1 Read 2 The Wild Saviour Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.
GSEB Std 11 English Textbook Solutions Unit 1 Read 2 The Wild Saviour (2nd Language)
GSEB Class 11 English The Wild Saviour Text Book Questions and Answers
Answer the following questions in your own sentences:
If you are offered a chance to go on an adventurous expedition along with Alibhai, will you accept it ? Why ?
Yes, of course. Wandering in mountains is a joy in itself. When we roam around, we are likely to encounter wild animals. I do have fear of wild animals, but I will learn certain tactics from Alibhai how to defend myself in adverse conditions. Without taking risk, there is no thrill in life, so I would definitely like to go along with Alibhai for adventures.
How can we say that the cubs and Alibhai were lucky?
When Alibhai saw the cubs of the snow leopard nearby, he felt for sure that the motherly leopard must be somewhere around. The motherly instinct of protecting her young ones is very strong’.
If she had spotted Alibhai, she would definitely have killed Alibhai. But when the huge black bear rushed towards the cubs, the mother leopard’s attention was focused on saving her cubs.
So she attacked the bear and fought with it till the bear ran away. Thus, the coming of the bear saved both-Alibhai and the cubs.
How risky was it for the mother leopard to fight the bear? Why?
The bear was very huge. It was three times the size of the mother leopard. The bear could have dominated over the mother leopard and defeated her in usual condition.
But the motherly instinct of the leopard made her ferocious and determined to fight until death to protect her young ones. She could defeat the bear only with her killer instinct rather than her physical ability.
Do you think Alibhai had very good relations with Ram Singh’s family ? Why do you think so ?
Alibhai must be visiting Ram Singh’s place frequently, at least once a year to sell dried apricots, herbs, medicines and precious stones. So everybody in Ram Singh’s family knew him closely. As soon as the little girl Neelam saw him, she ran shouting into the house, “Alibhai has come!” All the members of Ram Singh’s family ran out to see and greet him.
With a broad smile, full of warmth, Ram Singh hugged him and invited him in calling him friend. In return Alibhai patted everyone and spoke lovingly to each member of the family. Mother prepared tea for him.
Everybody insisted that he must share his travelling experiences with them. All this shows that Alibhai had very good relations with Ram Singh’s family.
Additional Questions And Answers
Answer the following questions in three to four sentences each :
Who was Alibhai ? How was he welcomed in Ram Singh’s family?
Alibhai was a traveller selling dried apricots, herbs, medicines and precious stones. He went from village to village, town to town on foot in the Himalayan mountains selling them. He was very popular in Ram Singh’s family.
When Neelam announced his arrival, all the members of Ram Singh’s family ran out of the house to receive him. With a broad smile full of warmth, Ram Singh hugged him and welcomed him in the house. The family members insisted that he would have to stay with them at least for two days.
Describe Alibhai’s attachment to Ram Singh’s family.
Having heard about Alibhai’s arrival, all the members of Ram Singh’s family ran out of the house to receive him. After being warmly welcomed by Ram Singh into the house, Alibhai patted everyone and spoke lovingly to each member s of the family.
He sat on the couch and mother prepared some tea for him. Besides, they insisted that he must stay for two more days and he should tell them his hill stories. Alibhai accepted their proposal and all of them stayed up late to listen to his travel experiences.
What did Alibhai hear when he sat down to take his lunch ? How did he react to it?
Alibhai sat down to take his lunch and hardly had a few morsels when he heard soft, feeble growls. At once he realised that it was a bear and he was alarmed.
Soon he closed his tiffin box and bent low not to allow the smell of the food and of his body reach the wild animal. Then he took up his bamboo staff with its pointed iron end in his right hand and a big double-edged knife in his left hand to encounter the animal.
Describe the sight that Alibhai saw on the slope of the opposite mountain.
From the edge of the mountain, Alibhai saw two tiny snow leopard cubs playing on the slope of the opposite mountain. Each one crouched on the snow and rolled their lovely green eyes at each other.
Then one jumped on the other. They wrestled for a while, growling softly. They crouched again and wrestled again. Watching them was fun.
Describe the fight between the bear and the mother leopard.
The bear was huge, three times the size of the mother leopard. Seeing the huge bear rushing to her cubs, the mother leopard sprang up in the air and landed straight on the bear fiercely and fearlessly. The bear lost his balance and the two violent wild beasts landed in the narrow valley.
The huge bear stood up on his hind legs. He stretched out his big paws with strong sharp nails. But with a snarl, the mother leopard leaped onto him and knocked him down.
The bulky and slow bear failed to injure the swift mother leopard. The bear started bleeding and escaped saving its life, and finally the mother leopard came back to her cubs victoriously.
Describe mother leopard’s affection for her cubs.
Having defeated the huge bear with killer instinct of a mother, the mother leopard ran back to her young ones. She smelt and licked them over and over again. Perhaps she was making sure that they were not hurt by the bear. The three, then, climbed up the mountain and disappeared.
Write short notes focussing on the questions:
- Who was Alibhai ?
- Describe Alibhai’s appearance.
- What was his occupation ?
- Was he close to Ram Singh’s family ? How can you say?
- What did he do on insistance of Ram Singh’s family members?
Alibhai was a traveller in the Himalayan Mountains. He was a tall man with broad shoulders, red cheeks and nose and wheatish complexion. He was dressed in a warm, thick long woollen coat, tight trousers, big leather boots and a brown fur cap.
He went from village to village, town to town in the mountains and sold dried apricots, herbs, medicines and precious stones. He was close to Ram Singh’s family and his adventure stories pleased the family members.
How Mother Leopard Saved her Cubs ?
Mother Leopard’s Encounter with the Huge Bear
(1) Where were the cubs and where was their mother?
(2) What happened when the cubs were playing ?
(3) What did the mother leopard do as soon as she saw the huge bear?
(4) Describe the fight between the mother leopard and the huge bear. How did the fight end ?
(5) Flow did the fight end?
(6) What did the mother leopard do after returning to her cubs?
Once the mother leopard was a little away and her cubs were playing on the slope of a mountain. At that time a huge bear came growling from the trees and rushed towards the cubs. Within no time the mother snow leopard sprang up in the air and landed on the bear fiercely and fearlessly. The bear lost his balance. The violent wild beasts went rolling down the slope tumbling on each other and finally fell Into the narrow valley.
The huge bear stretched out his big paws with strong. sharp nails. The mother leopard swiftly jumped on the bear and tore away big pieces of the black furry skin of the bear. Being terribly injured, the bear went away. The mother bear returned to her cubs, she smelt and licked them over and over again to make„ sure that they were not hurt by the bear.
3. Reading Comprehension
Read the extracts and answer the questions:
(1) “What were the cubs doing ?” asked Arjun. “They were playing. Each one crouched on the snow and rolled their lovely green eyes at each other. Then one would jump on the other. They would wrestle for a while, growling softly. They would crouch again and wrestle again. Watching them was fun, but I was worried too because the mother leopard could not be seen anywhere. The mother is very ferocious when she is with cubs.”
(1) What was fun for the writer ?
(2) What was the writer worried about ?
(1) Watching the cubs of leopard playing joyfully was fun for the writer. The way they were crouching on the snow and wrestling with each other pleased the writer.
(2) The writer knew that mother leopard is very ferocious when with cubs and he doubted that she must be nearby, so he was worried that he might be attacked by her any time.
(2) The bear was bleeding here and there. Whenever the leopard attacked, the bear lifted his huge paws to cover his face. The bear was now trying to escape to save his life. They both moved further and further till they disappeared round the huge mountain. I could not see them for a while but I could hear the growls and snarls. Then the valley was calm and quiet once again. The mother reappeared and ran up to her cubs. She smelt and licked them over and over again to make sure that they were not hurt by the bear. The three, then, climbed up the mountain and disappeared.”
(1) How can you say that the bear was in the defending position?
(2) Describe mother’s love as shown in the passage.
(1) The bear lifted his paws to cover his face whenever the snow leopard attacked. He was trying to escape to save his life. Thus, after getting severely injured by the leopard, the bear was in the defending position.
(2) After defeating the huge bear, the mother leopard returned and ran up to her cubs. She smelt and licked them over and over again to make sure that they were not hurt by the bear. This shows mother’s love.
2. Classify the words / phrases describing different aspects of Alibhai’s personality:
(a big double-edged knife, a good storyteller, a brown fur cap, red cheeks, thick, strong voice, a traveller, patted everyone, warm thick long woollen coat, spoke lovingly, loving nature, big leather boots, alert, bamboo staff, tall, selling dried apricots, tight trousers, courageous, hard-working, risk taking, covered long distances on foot, broad shoulders, wheatish complexion)
|Appearance||red cheeks||tall||wheatish complexion||–|
|Special skill||a good storyteller||–||covered long distances on foot||–|
|Manliness||thick, strong voice||–||broad shoulders||—|
|Readiness for self-protection||a big double-edged knife||alert||bamboo staff||–|
|Nature||risk taking||loving nature||courageous||hard-working|
|Clothing||a brown fur cap||warm thick long woollen coat||big leather boots||tight trousers|
|Profession||a traveller||selling dried apricots||–||–|
|Friendly attitude||patted everyone||spoke lovingly||–||–|
3. Say whether the statements are true or false:
|Statements||True / False|
|When Alibhai heard some faint growls, he thought it was a snow leopard.||False|
|As the family members insisted a lot, Alibhai decided to stay with them longer.||True|
|Ram Singh thought that the motherly instinct is good for the protection of the young ones.||False|
|The mother leopard expressed her love and care by licking and smelling the young cubs.||True|
|The mother leopard was swift otherwise she would have won the fight with the bear.||False|
|Hardly had the bear appeared when Alibhai slipped and fell down.||False|
4. Fill in the box “Who did what?”
(travel, sell welcome, close tiffin, bend down, speak lovingly, crawl, play, shout joyfully, jump, worry, dash, hug, thank God, rush, leap down, spring, land, stretch paws, injure, reappear, smell, wrestle, crouch, lick, insist, growl. Jail to injure, disappear)
|Alibhai||travel, sell, close tiffin, bend down, speak lovingly, crawl, worry,thank God|
|Cubs||play, wrestle, crouch|
|Ram Singh||welcome, hug|
|Members of Ram Singh’s family||shout joyfully, dash, insist|
|Bear||rush, stretch paws, growl, fail to injure, disappear|
|Mother Leopard||jump, leap down, spring, land, injure, reappear, smell, lick|
5. Connect part A with part B:
|When you read this …||What question comes to your mind?|
|A1||“Alibhai has come, Alibhai has come.”||B1||What work does Alibhai do?|
|A2||Of course ! I am used to it.||B2||Will Alibhai encounter the leopard?|
|A3||I took up my long bamboo staff and a big double-edged knife.||B3||What happened to the bear?|
|A4||I heard a deafening roar of anger from just a few metres away from me.||B4||Who will win?|
|A5||The whole valley echoed with the sounds of their fight.||B5||Who is Alibhai?|
|A6||The mother reappeared and ran up to her cubs.||B6||Will Alibhai encounter the bear?|
Write answers here:
6. Here are some statements. Number them in the order of the events in the story.
|She safely took the cubs with her in the jungle.||15|
|Respecting the request of the family members, Alibhai agreed to stay there for two days.||3|
|Once, when Alibhai was in a jungle near India-Tibet border, he sat to have his lunch.||4|
|It attacked the bear.||11|
|She fought bravely with the bear putting her life into danger.||12|
|Late at night, Alibhai started telling them his experience.||5|
|Before the bear could reach the cubs, the mother snow leopard appeared.||9|
|Alibhai thanked God for saving him as well as the leopard cubs.||14|
|He suddenly became alert because of the growling sounds of a bear.||7|
|He saw that the bear was rushing to attack two little snow leopard cubs.||8|
|Her intention was to save her cubs.||10|
|The story was something like this.||6|
|Alibhai was warmly welcomed at the place of his friend.||1|
|From his behaviour with Ram Singh’s family members, it seems that Alibhai was very intimate with all of them.||2|
7. Complete the following in brief, working at home. Share your answers with the class in the next session / period.
[Note: Students can write the answers as they feel fit. No specific answer is expected here. We have given sample answers only.]
(a) From the story of Alibhai, the incident I like the most is because… .
the scene of the leopard cubs playing with each other, because how playful they were ! Each one crouched on the snow and rolled their lovely green eyes at each other.
Then one would jump on the other. They would wrestle for a while, growling softly. They would crouch again and wrestle again. How cute they looked !
(b) From the story of Arunima, the incident I like the most is… .
Arunima’s last tract to Mt. Everest. It was a very dangerous, narrow path. She slipped and fell once; even her oxygen was running out. She was struggling with her paining leg. Even her Sherpa asked her to quit, but Arunima continned.
She continned the drag-walk till she finally reached the top of the world ! She felt like dancing, crying and laughing at the same time. She held her flag and raised both her hands high up to register her country’s record. What an achievement!
(c) Which character do you like more – Arunima Sinha or Alibhai? Why?
From my point of view, comparing Arunima with Alibhai, all credit goes to Arunima Sinha – an epitome of boldness, courage and confidence. The way she fought against four thugs and the way she suffered is beyond imagination.
Then she recollected herself and was determined to scale Mt. Everest shows her courage and; confidence. With an artificial leg she reached the top of the world; no one was ready to believe. What a source of inspiration to all youths and handicapped people !
1. Write ‘Yes’ in the box if the sentence is correct as per the text. Write ‘No’ in the box and correct it without changing the underlined parts:
My oxygen was running out, so it was safe for me to continue climbing the Everest. No
My oxygen was running out, so it was not safe for me to continue climbing the Everest.
(1) Though it was getting easier for me, I kept on pushing myself forward. No
Though it was getting more difficult for me, I kept on pushing myself forward.
(2) Arunima was brave enough not to concede to any of the difficulties of her life. — Yes
(3) Till it finally happened, Arunima had lost all her courage. No
Till it finally happened, Arunima had not lost her courage.
(4) My mind was a kaleidoscope of emotions and I was crying with joy. Yes
(5) Because of the intervention of the police, the problem of the road-romeos in our area increased. No
Because of the intervention of the police, the problem of the road-romeos in our area decreased.
2. Find out antonyms from the text.
Frame sentences of your own using the antonyms:
(natural, worse, farthest, fearfully, appear)
(1) Arunima was waiting for her artificial leg to be fitted.
(2) You can do still better.
(3) Select some nearest destination for our picnic.
(4) You can move about this place fearlessly.
(5) Soon the mother leopard and the cubs disappeared.
3. Work in pairs. Frame sentences using all the words. You may change the forms of the words if needed.
Alibhai – bamboo staff – knife – safety
Alibhai had a bamboo staff and a knife for his safety.
Alibhai always kept a bamboo staff and a knife with him so that he could ensure his safety.
Alibhai took a bamboo staff in his right hand and in the left he took a knife to ensure his safety, etc.
quiet – except – birds’ chirping – Alibhai – have – lunch
It was totally quiet everywhere except some birds’ chirping when Alibhai sat to have his lunch.
Alibhai – sound – bear – a few morsels
Alibhai had hardly had a few morsels when he heard the sound of a bear.
fluffy – furry – snow-white – wrestle – jump
The cubs’ fluffy, snow-white furry coat matched with the snow and they were wrestling and jumping on each other.
deafening roar – ferocious – horror – Alibhai
Alibhai heard a deafening roar of a ferocious leopard creating horror.
swiftness – leopard – victory – bulky – bear
The swiftness of the leopard brought her victory over the bulky bear.
mother – love – sacrifice – young one
A mother’s love leads her to sacrifice everything for her young ones.
4. Unscramble the letters in Part A and match it with the description:
(1) → (C), (2) → (F), (3) → (G), (4) → (E), (5) → (D), (6) → (B), (7) → (A)
5. Interchange the underlined words to make all the sentences meaningful:
A attack national level volleyball player Arunima had to face a terrible opportunities resulting into a determination accident which made her lose one of her legs. Though she was an mountaineer then, she fatal a great challenge of becoming a amputee and climbed up the highest peak of the world. She proved that former do not always come, they can also be created by strong will, hard work, embraced and self-confidence. We salute the women power in the form of Arunima Sinha.
A former national level volleyball player Arunima had to face a terrible attack resulting into a fatal accident which made her lose one of her legs. Though she was an amputee then, she embraced a great challenge of becoming a mountaineer and climbed up the highest peak of the world.
She proved that opportunities do not always come, they can also be created by strong will, hard work, determination and self-confidence. We salute the women power in the form of Arunima Sinha.
6. Solve the crossword puzzel with the help of the keys:
1. rapid. quick. speedy (5)
7. snarls (6)
9. a crumb, a small piece or amount of food. a mouthful (6)
10. grumble, to make an aggressive growl with bared teeth (5)
11. as late as, up to the time of, pending, awaiting (5)
12. hug, hold in arms, cuddle (7)
16. plural of tooth (5)
17. a horny covering on the upper surface of the tip of the fingers or claws (4)
19. a naturally raised area of land, not as high or craggy as a mountain (4)
20. the outside limit of an object or area, border (4)
21. anger, fury, frenzy (4)
2. moderate heat, kindliness, affection, cold (antonym) (6)
3. weak, frail, delicate (6)
4. climber, hiker (11)
5. since, for, while (2)
6. a person who has got a limb cut off (7)
8. big bulky (5)
13. a female parent, to bring up (child/young one) with care and affection (6)
14. stomach, tummy (5)
15. shut, near (5)
18. faint, diffused (3)
1. Study this conversation to understand the uses of ‘if’ and ‘unless’. The highlighted parts of the sentences express certain conditions:
Mohanbhai: Welcome. Your father told me that you want to rent a flat. What are your preferences about the flat ?
Dippal: If it’s 2 BHK (bedroom-hall-kitchen), it will be more convenient to us.
Mohanbhai: Okay! How much rent can you afford ?
Nimesh: If the rent is about ₹ 4000, we can afford it easily.
Mohanbhai: You will not get a 2 BHK flat unless you increase your budget up to ₹ 7000.
Nimesh : Okay! If it is required, I don’t mind increasing my budget up to ₹ 7000.
Mohanbhai: Well! I know a real-estate agent.
Dippal: It will be a great help to us if you can call him right now.
Mohanbhai: Okay! (calling from his mobile phone) Hello Mr Dalai! It’s Mohan Mehta here. I
am handing my phone over to Mr Nimesh who is interested in having a 2 BHK flat on rent. (Handing over the phone to Nimesh)
Mr Dalai : (on phone) Namaste Nimeshbhai! I have five 2 BHK flats available on rent.
Nimesh : Namaste Mr Dalai! Unless the flat is in a good locality, we are not interested in getting it on rent.
Mr Dalai : You please have a look at the flats first. If you find the locality up to the mark, we will talk further. If you can spare an hour’s time, I can show all the five flats to you right now.
Nimesh : Okay! Let us meet right now. Mr DalaI : But before that, if you don’t mind,let me make you aware of some general conditions from the owners.
Nimesh : Yes, sure! Please carry on.
Mr Dalai: Unless the tenant agrees to have an 11 month deed of rental contract. no owner is ready to give flats on rent. Moreover. If the tenant doesn’t deposit one month’s rent in advance, owners refuse to have their flats rented.
Nimesh : Oh I see I Well. I don’t mind about that! Let’s meet.
2. Use the information from the conversation to complete the table as shown In the example:
|1.||Unless||the tenant agrees to have a rental contract,||owners are not ready to give flats.|
|2.||If||the locality is up to the mark,||further talk is possible.|
|3.||If||the tenant doesn’t deposit one month’s rent in advance,||owners refuse to give flats.|
|4.||If||Nimesh doesn’t mind increasing his budget,||he will get a 2 BHK flat easily.|
|5.||Unless||the flat is in good locality,||Nimesh and Dippal are not interested in having the flat.|
|6.||Unless||the rent is above
|a 2 BHK flat will not be available on rent.|
|7.||If||Nimesh can spare an hour’s time,||Mr Dalai can show all the five flats.|
|8.||If||Nimesh doesn’t mind,
||Mr Dalai will make him aware of some general conditions from the owners.|
|9.||If||the real estate agent calls Nimesh soon,||it will be a great help to them.|
|10.||If||it is a 2 BHK flat.||it will be convenient to Nimesh and Dippal.|
|11.||If||the rent is about
|Nimesh can afford it easily.|
|12.||Unless||it is required,||Nimesh will not increase his budget.|
3. Out of the given three sentences,two have correct and one has incorrect use of ‘if/ unless. Tick mark the correct ones.
(1) Talk to me unless you have chewed tobacco. [ ✓ ]
Dont talk to me unless you have chewed tobacco. [ ✗ ]
Don’t talk to me if you have chewed tobacco. [ ✓ ]
(2) If you find her book, call her. [ ✓ ]
Unless you find her book, don’t call her. [ ✓ ]
If you find her book, don’t call her. [ ✗ ]
(3) He cannot go if he doesn’t finish his work first. [ ✓ ]
He cannot go if he finishes his work first. [ ✗ ]
He cannot go unless he finishes his work first. [ ✓ ]
(4) If you have practised well, go to the stage to sing songs. [ ✓ ]
If you have not practised well, don’t go to the stage to sing songs. [ ✓ ]
Unless you have not practised well, go to the stage to sing songs. [ ✗ ]
(5) If you read well, you will not fall In the exam. [ ✓ ]
Unless you read well, you will not fail in the exam. [ ✗ ]
Unless you read well, you will fall In the exam. [ ✓ ]
4. (A) Fill in the blanks selecting the proper form of the verbs given in brackets:
(1) If money ………………… (lost, is lost, were lost), something is lost but if character is lost, everything ………………… (will be lost, is lost, will lose).
(2) Paresh not (do ………………… come, will………………… come, did … come) to your house unless you go to his.
(3) Banks will not provide you loan unless you ………………… (don’t provide, provide, provided) them your original identity.
(4) My dog ………………… (doesn’t bark, barks, bark) unless it is hungry.
(5) Unless you ………………… (wanted, had wanted, want) to go to bed, you should go out.
(6) In my country, if you ………………… (had not spoken,cannot speak, did not spoke) English, it’s difficult to get a good job.
(7) We ………………… (be, will be, will) late unless we leave soon.
(8) You will lose your job unless you ……….. (became, become, becoming) sincere.
(9) If you had driven faster, we ……….. (will have,can have, would have) reached earlier.
(10) Unless we ……………. (knew, known, had known) it previously, we could not have prevented it.
(1) is lost, is lost
(2) will … come
(4) doesn’t bark
(6) cannot speak
(7) will be
(9) would have
(10) had known
(B) Complete the sentences with the help of the given words in the bracket concerning the fact of the given text :
Example: If Arunima had lost courage…
(expedition, leave, incomplete)
if Arunima had lost courage, she would have left her Everest climbing expedition incomplete.
(a) Set high goals…. (and, work hard, achieve)
Set high goals and work hard to achieve desired results.
(b) If Arunima had not been inspired by her brother-in-law…. (first, amputee, Everest)
if Arunima had not been inspired by her brother-in-law she would not have been the first amputee to climb Mt. Everest.
(c) If the passengers had come to her rescue …. (Arunima, become, a handicap)
if the passengers had come to her rescue Arunima would not have been handicapped.
(d) Unless you yourself concede …. (anyone, defeat, you)
Unless you yourself concede there isn’t anyone who can defeat you.
(e) (without, have, great, courage)…. Arunima couldn’t have fought bravely with the four criminals.
Without having great courage, Arunima couldn’t have fought bravely with the four criminals.
(f) (unless, Sahib, inspire)…. Arunima could never have thought about climbing up Mt. Everest.
Unless Sahib had inspired her, Arunima could never have thought about climbing up Mt. Everest.
5. Study the following table. Combine the three parts and make meaningful sentences using each word given in part B. You can even make more than one sentence using the same word in part B:
|(1)||You won’t be punished||he had punctuality.|
|(2)||You can use your father’s car||your room is cleaned.|
|(3)||Work hard||he gets good marks.|
|(4)||I could not have completed this task||if unless and or otherwise||it rains or not.|
|(5)||You will never understand this grammar||I get success.|
|(6)||He would have progressed a lot||your teacher helps you.|
|(7)||I am happy||I had got his guidance.|
|(8)||You cannot escape accidents||you drive carefully.|
|(9)||They are happy||I am with you.|
|(10)||We will not go out||he permits you. he assists, you will fail.|
(1) You won’t be punished if you drive carefully.
(2) You can use your father’s car if he permits you.
(3) Work hard otherwise you will fail.
(4) I could not have completed this task unless I had got his guidance.
(5) You will never understand this grammar unless your teacher helps you.
(6) He would have progressed a lot if he had punctuality.
(7) I am happy if I get success.
(8) You cannot escape accidents unless you drive carefully.
(9) They are happy if he gets good marks.
(10) We will not go out unless he assists.
6. Fill in the blanks to make meaningful sentences using words like if, unless, otherwise, or, and:
(1) Unless he finds a job, his family will starve.
(2) You follow his instructions or / otherwise you will not win his confidence.
(3) If you do not read this document many times over, you will not understand it properly.
(4) You learn from your experience and you will not commit the same mistakes again and again.
(5) Unless she pays the dues, her membership will not be renewed.
(6) You better take care of yourself or / otherwise your health will not improve.
(7) If you miss this opportunity, you will regret it.
(8) Unless he gives up smoking, he will get cancer.
(9) If you waste your time on trivial things, you will not have time for important things.
Nirmal prefers life in the village to life in the city. His notes are given below. Use the information and prepare his speech.
Country (Village): peaceful, soothing air, fresh green fields, lovely sight, helpful neighbours
City: noisy vehicles, industries and smoke, pollution, crowded streets, people never relax
Village Life Preferred to City Life
Generally we think that city life is more comfortable than village life. The obvious reason is city allows more comforts than village. We have well-built and fairly furnished houses in city and other required facilities in vicinity like schools, hospitals, shopping malls, entertainment complexes, transport facilities and so on.
This is the bright side of city but we have never tried to see its darker side. City is full of noisy vehicles all the time which adds to air pollution and noise pollution and we are hardly aware of its adverse effects.
The same way industries surrounding a city emit clouds of smoke which add to life-threatening diseases like asthma and bronchitis. Chemical waste and polluted water are released in rivers and other waterbodies which consequently pollute drinking water sources causing fatal diseases.
Streets of a city are always crowded and traffic problems cause great irritation resulting into headaches and other psychological disorders. People in cities can never have peace of mind and can hardly have a feeling of relaxation.
On the other hand, yes, I admit that certain modern facilities are less in villages, but the life in a village is very advantageous against a little loss of comforts. We can have peace of mind in a village which is the most valuable thing man keeps on hunting for all through his life. The air we breathe-in in a village is non-polluted and soothing which man never will have in a city.
The vegetables and other organic eatables that we get in a village hardly find a place in a city. Strolling about in fresh green field fills your lungs with pure air energising your cells leading us to a happy, healthy life.
The landscape in country side is very lovely and you can have exhilarating feeling of being one with nature. The people in the village are full of warmth and affection, ever ready to sacrifice their comforts to allow comforts to others. I am greatly surprised why people migrate to cities denying themselves the peacefulness and tranquillity of the village.
You are preparing a write up on a famous personality of your state. For this purpose you have arranged an interview with him/her. Frame questions you would ask him / her to collect information about him/her.
Our Chief Minister is a famous personality of our state. To know about vivid aspects of her life, work and responsibilities, we can ask the following questions :
- Where were you born ? When ? How was your family?
- Which games did you like most in your childhood ?
- Were you an average girl or a different one in your childhood?
- How far have you studied ? What challenges did you take up or difficulties you faced during your college days?
- Who were your close friends during those days ? In which activities did you take part in ? What about your performances at that time?
- What inspired you to get into politics ?
- What dreams or ambitions did you have when you took up this career ? What noble aims’ did you carry while taking up this career ?
3. Just for fun. The underlined words have two meanings. Prepare such sentences.
(1) Can February march ?
No, but April may.
(2) Is life worth living ?
It depends on the liver.
(3) What do we serve but never eat ?
Tennis balls in a match.
(1) The invention of the wheel created a revolution.
(2) Dyslexic prisoners are not helped by long sentences.
(3) Being in debt attracts a lot of interest from bankers.
(4) A big computerised dog needs a megabyte. (mega bite)
(5) Single apples are not pairs, (pears)
(6) A girl who screamed and shouted for a pony got a little hoarse, (horse)
(7) Old bikes should be retired, (retyred)
(8) Do hungry time-travellers ever go back four seconds ? (for)
1. What do the differently-abled people face In their routine life? Work in pairs. One of you will tie a handkerchief on his / her eyes. Try to reach the washroom / principal’s office. The pair partner has to take care that the ‘blind’ student does not get hurt physically while doing this task. You can only give instructions, but can’t hold him / her. Narrate your experience to the class.
2. If you can arrange for a wheelchair,one pair should be assigned the task for sitting in the wheelchair and reaching from the school gate to a washroom.
3. Form groups. Visit various places of historical or geographical Importance in your area. Collect information related to them from the tourism office, local guides and internet. Collect practical information like ‘how to reach the place, ‘what to do there’, etc.
Discuss the vocabulary you need to explain all this Information In class. Now, create a brochure based on all this information, Display an enlarged copy of your brochure on charts and display them on your noüceboard.
Note : In every unit, the last item – Activity – is supposed to be done by students, so have avoided giving answers. Still, wherever we have found that the answers will help them, we have given them as samples.
The Wild Saviour From Earth to Everest Summary in Gujarati
હિમાલયની પર્વતમાળામાં ગામડે ગામડે પગે ચાલીને સૂકો મેવો, ઔષધિ તથા કીમતી પથ્થરો વેચતા અલીભાઈ નામના ફેરિયાનું રામસિંઘનું કુટુંબ ઉષ્માભર્યું સ્વાગત કરે છે અને તેની પાસેથી તેના ભ્રમણની અવનવી વાતો સાંભળવાની ઉત્સુકતા વ્યક્ત કરે છે.
કુટુંબના સભ્યોને અલીભાઈના ભ્રમણના અનુભવો જાણવાની ખૂબ જ ઉત્કંઠા છે. અલીભાઈ આવા એક રોમાંચક અનુભવની વાર્તા કહે છે : એક વાર અલીભાઈ ખૂબ જ ભૂખ્યા થયા અને તેમનું બપોરનું ખાણું લેવા બેઠા હતા. હજુ તો થોડાક કોળિયા લીધા હશે ત્યાં તો એક ધીમો ઘુરકિયાનો અવાજ સંભળાયો.
ટિફિનબૉક્સ બંધ કરી એ તરત જ ઊભા થઈ ગયા. જમણા હાથમાં લોખંડની અણીવાળી લાકડી અને ડાબા હાથમાં બેધારી છરી લઈ પેટ ઘસડતા પર્વતની ધારી તરફ આગળ વધ્યા. ત્યાં તેમણે સામેના પર્વતના ઢાળ પર બે નાનાં હિમચિત્તાનાં રમત કરતાં બચ્ચાં જોયાં. પણ અલીભાઈને ચિંતા પેઠી કે જો બચ્ચાંની માતા આવી જશે અને તેમને જોઈ જશે તો તેમનો જીવ જોખમમાં મુકાઈ જશે.
તેથી તે છુપાઈને પડી રહ્યા. એટલામાં તો એકાએક એક કદાવર કાળું રીંછ ઝાડ પાછળથી નીકળી બચ્ચાં તરફ ધસ્યું. અલીભાઈને હવે તેમની જાત કરતાં બચ્ચાંની ચિંતા થવા લાગી. એટલામાં તો તેમનાથી થોડેક મીટર દૂર તેમણે કાન ફાડી નાખતી ગુસ્સાની ગર્જના સાંભળી. પેલાં બચ્ચાંની માતા ઝનૂનપૂર્વક નિર્ભયપણે પેલા કાળા રીંછ પર કૂદી.
રીંછે સંતુલન ગુમાવ્યું અને બંને ઢાળ પરથી ગબડતાં એક સાંકડી ખીણમાં ધબાકા સાથે પડ્યાં. પેલું કાળું રીંછ માદા ચિત્તાથી કદમાં ત્રણ ગણું મોટું હતું. તે આગળના બે પંજા પર નહોર કાઢી ઊભું થયું અને દાંત કાઢી ઘૂરકવા લાગ્યું. પણ સામે છેડે માદા ચિત્તાએ ગુસ્સાની ત્રાડ નાખી તેના પર કૂદી અને ભોંય ભેગું કરી દીધું. લગભગ 10 મિનિટ આ લડાઈ ચાલતી રહી, અંતે રીંછ લોહીલુહાણ થઈ ગયું અને માદા
ચિત્તાના પ્રહારથી બચવા રક્ષણાત્મક સ્થિતિમાં મુકાઈ ગયું. પછી લડતાં લડતાં બંને અલીભાઈની દૃષ્ટિથી અલોપ થઈ ગયાં. ઘુરકિયાં અને ત્રાડ શમી ગયાં. ફરી એક વાર ખીણ નીરવ બની ગઈ. બચ્ચાની માતા ફરી એક વાર બચ્ચાં પાસે આવી તેમને સુંઘવા અને ચાટવા લાગી. અલીભાઈને રીંછનું આવવું ઈશ્વરના આશીર્વાદ સમાન લાગ્યું, કારણ કે તેથી જ તેમનું જીવન બચી શક્યું હતું. રીંછ તેમને માટે જીવનરક્ષક પુરવાર થયું.
Phrases and Idioms
dash into (ડશ ઇન્દુ) move hurriedly into, rush hastily into –માં ધસી જવું, ઝડપથી પ્રવેશવું catch might (કંચ સાઇટ) see, watch જોવું, નજરે પડવું
ખુશીથી બૂમો પાડતી નીલમ ઘરમાં દોડી આવી. “અલીભાઈ આવ્યા છે, અલીભાઈ આવ્યા છે!” રામસિંઘના પરિવારનાં બધાં સભ્યો દોડતાં બહાર જોવા આવ્યાં અને ત્યાં (ઊભો) હતો પહોળા ખભા ધરાવતો ઊંચો, રતુમડા ગાલ તથા નાક વાળો, ઘઉંવર્ણો એક માણસ.
તેણે જાડો, લાંબો ગરમ કોટ, તંગ પાયજામો (પાટલૂન), મોટા ચામડાના બૂટ અને બદામી રુવાંટીદાર ટોપી પહેર્યા હતાં. ઉષ્માભર્યા વિશાળ સ્મિતથી રામસિંઘ તેમને ભેટી પડ્યા અને કહ્યું, “અંદર આવી જાઓ! અંદર આવી જાઓ! મિત્ર, આપનું દિલથી સ્વાગત છે.”
અલીભાઈએ બધાને (વહાલથી) થાબડ્યા તથા તેમના ઘેરા અવાજમાં કુટુંબના દરેક સભ્ય સાથે સ્નેહપૂર્ણ વાતો કરી, અને (પછી) સોફા ઉપર આરામથી બેઠા. રામસિંઘ અલીભાઈ સાથે વાતો કરતા હતા તે દરમિયાન માતાજીએ થોડીક ચા બનાવી દીધી. અલીભાઈ હિમાલય પર્વતમાળામાં પગે ચાલીને લાંબા અંતર કાપનારા એક યાત્રી હતા. તેમને કુદરત નિહાળવી ગમતું. તેમની યાત્રા દરમિયાન એકઠાં કરેલાં કીમતી પથ્થરો (રત્નો), ઓસડિયાં તેમજ દવાઓ, સૂકાં જરદાળુ (વગેરે) તેઓ પર્વતીય (વિસ્તારમાં આવેલાં) ગામેગામ અને નગર નગર વેચતા (ફરતા).
રામસિંઘે પૂછ્યું, “હાલમાં તમે ક્યાં (રહો) છો?”
હું ભારત અને તિબેટની સરહદો સુધી પર્વતોમાં ઊંચે (સુધી) ગયો હતો.”
એકલા?”, નીલમે પૂછ્યું. “અલબત્ત! હું (તો) એથી ટેવાયેલો છું. માત્ર આજ રાત્રિ પૂરતો અહીં રોકાવાનો છું. આવતી કાલે સવારે (તો) ચાલતી પકડીશ”, તેમણે કહ્યું. ના, અલીભાઈ, ના! અમે તમને જવા નહિ દઈએ. તમારે અમને પર્વતોની વાતો કહેવી પડશે,” નીલમે કહ્યું. ખૂબ જ આગ્રહ બાદ તેઓ બે દિવસ રોકાવા સંમત થયા. તે રાત્રે તેઓ બધાં રાત્રે મોડે સુધી તેમની
પથારી પર (તેમની) યાત્રાના રસપ્રદ અનુભવો સાંભળતાં બેસી રહ્યાં. અલીભાઈએ વાર્તા કહેવાનું શરૂ કર્યું, “નજીકના જ ગામમાં બે-ચાર કલાક રોકાવાનું થયું હતું. હું ભારત અને તિબેટની સરહદથી માત્ર થોડાક જ માઈલ દૂર હતો. હું ભૂખ્યો થયો અને મારું બપોરનું ખાણું ખાવા બેસી ગયો. થોડી થોડી વારે આવતા પક્ષીઓના કલરવ સિવાય ત્યાં નીરવ શાંતિ હતી. મેં થોડાક જ કોળિયા લીધા હશે ત્યાં
તો મને હળવો, ધીમો ઘુરકાટ સંભળાયો. હું સાવધ થઈ ગયો, કારણ કે અવાજના પ્રકાર) પરથી મને ખાતરી થઈ ચૂકી હતી કે તે અન્ય કશુંય નહિ પરંતુ એક રીંછ હતું. મેં ઝડપથી મારું ટિફિનબૉક્સ બંધ કર્યું અને નીચે ઝૂકી ગયો કે જેથી ખોરાક તેમજ મારા શરીરની ગંધ પવન દ્વારા પેલા કદાવર પ્રાણી પાસે ન પહોંચે. મેં મારા જમણા હાથમાં લોખંડની અણીવાળી મારી લાંબી વાંસની ડાંગ લીધી અને મારા ડાબા હાથમાં એક મોટો બે ધારો છરો લીધો. હું પર્વતની ધાર સુધી પેટ ઘસડતો ચાલ્યો અને ઊંડી, સાંકડી ખીણમાં નજર નાખી. એટલામાં તો સામેના પર્વતના ઢોળાવ પરની થોડીક સપાટ જગ્યામાં હિમચિત્તાનાં બે નાનકડાં બચ્ચાં નજરે પડ્યાં.”
“અરે, વાહ! તે કેવાં લાગતાં હતાં?” નીલમે પૂછ્યું. “તે સુંદર હતાં. તેમની ભરાવદાર રુવાંટી બરફના રંગ સાથે બરાબર બંધબેસતી હતી,” જાણે કે હાલ પ્રત્યક્ષ નિહાળતા ન હોય તેમ અલીભાઈએ કહ્યું. “બચ્ચાં શું કરી રહ્યાં હતાં?” અર્જુને પૂછ્યું. “તેઓ રમી રહ્યાં હતાં.” બંને એકબીજાની સામે સુંદર લીલા રંગની આંખો ઉલાળતાં બરફ પર ગલોટિયાં ખાઈ રહ્યાં હતાં અને એકબીજાની ઉપર કૂદતાં હતાં.
થોડીક વાર કુસ્તી કરતાં અને ધીમા અવાજે ઘૂરક્તાં હતાં. ફરી વાર ગલોટિયાં ખાવાં શરૂ કરતાં અને કુસ્તી કરવા લાગતાં. તેમને નીરખવું એક લહાવો હતો, પરંતુ મને ચિંતા પણ હતી કારણ કે તેમની જનેતા આસપાસ ક્યાંય દેખાતી નહોતી. બચ્ચાં ધરાવતી માદા ભયંકર હિંસક હોય છે.
“પછી શું થયું?” નીલમે પૂછ્યું. “વારુ, હું તો પેટના બળે જમીન પર ઊંધો પડ્યો જ રહ્યો. મને બીક હતી કે માદા (બચ્ચાંની માતા) ક્યાંક આસપાસ જ હશે. એટલામાં તો મેં એક વિચિત્ર ઘટના થતી જોઈ ! એકાએક એક કદાવર કાળું રીંછ ઘુરકિયાં કરતું વૃક્ષોની પાછળથી નીકળ્યું અને પેલાં બચ્ચાં તરફ ધસી ગયું. હવે મને મારા કરતાં વધારે પેલાં બચ્ચાની ચિંતા થવા લાગી. પળવારમાં તો મેં મારાથી થોડાક મીટર દૂર જ કાન ફાડી નાખે તેવી આક્રોશયુક્ત ત્રાડ સાંભળી. મારા ભય અને આશ્ચર્ય વચ્ચે એક મોટી સફેદ હિમચિત્તાની માદા નજીકના મોટા ખડક પર નીચે કૂદતી દેખાઈ.”
“હે ભગવાન!” અર્જુને ઉદ્ગાર કાઢ્યો. “કેટલું ભયંકર !” નીલમે પુષ્ટિ કરી. ચૂપ મરો!” માતાએ અધીરાઈપૂર્વક કહ્યું. “પછી શું થયું?” “ભગવાનનો પાડ, હું નસીબદાર હતો કે તેની (માદાની) નજર તેનાં બચ્ચાં પર જડાયેલી હતી, તેથી તેણે મારી તરફ ઊંચે જોયું નહિ. ક્ષણ વારમાં તો માદા ચિત્તા કૂદીને તેનાં બચ્ચાં પાસે તેમને બચાવવા પહોંચી ગઈ. હવામાં કૂદકો મારીને તે ડર્યા વગર ઝનૂનપૂર્વક પેલા રીંછ પર પડી. રીંછે પોતાનું સંતુલન ગુમાવ્યું. બંને હિંસક, જંગલી પ્રાણીઓ
બર્ફીલા ઢાળ પરથી એકબીજા પર ગુલાંટો મારતાં એક મોટા ધુબાકા સાથે સાંકડી ખીણમાં પડ્યાં નહિ ત્યાં સુધી ગબડતાં રહ્યાં. મેં અને પેલાં બંને ડરી ગયેલાં બચ્ચાઓએ (તે જોવા માટે) અમારી ડોક લંબાવી.” “પોતાનાં બચ્ચાંને બચાવવાની (કોઈ પણ) માની સહજવૃત્તિ જોરદાર હોય છે, અલીભાઈ. તે (માતા) તેનાં બચ્ચાં માટે હંમેશાં મૃત્યુ સુધી લડવા માટે તૈયાર હોય છે,” રામસિંઘે કહ્યું. “હા, તમે સાચા છો,” માતાએ પ્રેમપૂર્વક નીલમ અને અર્જુનના ખીલેલા ચહેરા સામે જોઈ કહ્યું.
અલીભાઈ બોલતા રહ્યા, “પેલું કદાવર રીંછ, જે માદા ચિત્તાના કદ કરતાં ત્રણ ગણું મોટું હતું તે તેના પાછળના પગ પર ઊભું થઈ ગયું. તેણે તેના મજબૂત, તીક્ષ્ણ નહોરવાળા વિશાળ પંજા ફેલાવ્યા. તેણે તેના દાંત બતાવ્યા અને ઘુરકિયાં કરવા લાગ્યું. માદા ચિત્તાએ તેના તરફ એક સેકન્ડ જોયું, ગુસ્સાથી ત્રાડ પાડી અને તેની ઉપરના) એક જ કૂદકામાં કાળા કદાવર પ્રાણી(રીંછ)ને ભોંય ભેગું કરી દીધું.
તેમની આ લડાઈના પડઘા સમગ્ર ખીણમાં પડ્યા. માદા ચિત્તા સ્કૂર્તિલી હતી. અને રીંછની કાળી રુવાંટીવાળી ચામડીના મોટા ચીરા કરતી આમથી તેમ દૂધે જતી હતી. ભારે શરીરવાળું અને શિથિલ રીંછ તેના દુશ્મનને ઈજા પહોંચાડવામાં નાકામિયાબ રહ્યું. આ લડાઈ લગભગ 10 મિનિટ ચાલી.
રીંછને ઠેકઠેકાણેથી લોહી નીકળી રહ્યું હતું. જ્યારે પણ માદા ચિત્ત હુમલો કરતી ત્યારે (ત્યારે) તેનું મોં બચાવવા રીંછ પોતાના વિશાળ પંજા આગળ ધરતું. હવે રીંછ પોતાનો જીવ બચાવવા છટકવાની કોશિશ કરી રહ્યું હતું. તે બંને વિશાળ પર્વતની પેલી કોર ઓઝલ ન થયાં ત્યાં સુધી આગળને આગળ વધતાં રહ્યાં.
હું તેમને થોડીક વાર જોઈ શક્યો નહિ, પરંતુ તેમના ઘૂરકવાના અને ત્રાડના અવાજ સાંભળી શકતો હતો. પછી ફરી એક વાર આખીય ખીણ નીરવ થઈ ગઈ. માદા ફરી દેખાઈ અને તેનાં બચ્ચાં પાસે દોડી ગઈ. તે તેમને વારંવાર સુંઘવા અને ચાટવા લાગી, કદાચ એ સુનિશ્ચિત કરવા કે પેલા રીંછે તેમને કોઈ હાનિ પહોંચાડી નથી. એ ત્રણેય, પછી, પર્વત ચડીને અદશ્ય થઈ ગયાં.”
તમને (પછી તો જરૂર) ઘણી રાહત થઈ ગઈ હશે નહિ)” નીલમે કહ્યું. બિલકુલ. હું એ જ સ્થિતિમાં થોડી વધારે વાર પડી રહ્યો અને પૂંછડીઓ હલાવતા તે ચિત્તા પરિવારને જંગલમાં ઓઝલ થતાં નિહાળી રહ્યો. મેં (પણ) મારો હાથ હલાવીને તેમને અલવિદા કહ્યું !” “પણ પેલા રીંછનું શું થયું?” અર્જુને આતુરતાથી પૂછ્યું. “ભગવાન જાણે. મને એટલી ખબર છે કે તે રીંછના આવવાનું મારા માટે આશીર્વાદરૂપ નીવડ્યું, કારણ કે તેથી મારો જીવ બચ્યો. મેં બચ્ચાઓને અને સાથે સાથે મને પણ બચાવવા માટે ભગવાનનો પાડ માન્યો.”