GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

   

Gujarat Board GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Second Language Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens Textbook Exercise Questions and Answers.

GSEB Class 10 English Textbook Solutions Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens (Second Language)

GSEB Class 10 English Tune up O Teens Text Book Questions and Answers

1. International sports persons undergo a lot of stress before a big match. Do you know how they keep calm before starting of an important game ? Read some of the facts.

In order to keep themselves calm, some sports persons …
(1) wake up early and practise.
(2) sleep till late and come out of their rooms just before the match.
(3) chat with team members or support staff, but avoid discussions on the game.
(4) revise strategies for the game with the team members or the support staff.
(5) eat light food the previous night and also take light breakfast on the day of the game.
(6) wake up early and try to live a routine life by doing warm up exercises, reading newspapers, listening to music, etc.
(7) avoid heavy work out but try to balance themselves with the help of yoga.
(8) talk to their family members or close ones over phone.
(9) go for a light walk and relax in nature by observing trees, plants, flowers or birds.

Think and share : How do you prepare yourself for the examination ? (Classroom Activity)

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

2. Read the statements carefully. Say how you feel before or during examinations by putting a tick mark in appropriate column. (Individual Activity)

1 = Always 2 = Sometimes 3 = Never

No. Description 1 2 3
1. I do not get sound sleep during exams.
2. Whenever I start preparing for the exam, other thoughts occupy my mind.
3. I realize that I should read, but get tempted to play/watch TV or do something else.
4. Whenever I start reading, I feel hungry.
5. I do not feel like eating anything during exam days.
6. As I start reading, I feel sleepy.
7. I cannot decide the best time for my studies.
8. I do not like to sleep the previous night of the exam because I fear forgetting whatever I read,
9. I prefer to read till the last minute before the exam because I feel I have not prepared enough.
10. I do not fear exams at all. I live a routine life. I feel free.
11. I like to discuss what I read with my parents/family members/friends.
12. I don’t like to talk with anyone during the exam days.
13. I dislike noise and music during exam days.
14. I like to be alone during exam days.
15. I believe in luck and always try to keep my lucky gadgets like pen, wristwatch, etc. with me while writing exam.
16. I feel nervous if I lose my lucky gadgets during exam.

Now compare your responses with the other groups. Read them in the class.

3. Fill in your responses in the table. (Individual Activity)

Sr.no. Type of Teenage
Problem in their descending
order of severity
GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!
Tick if you have experienced
it yourself
Tick if you haven’t experienced it yourself, but you know about such a problem Tick if you don’t know about such a problem
1. Drugs
2. Study pressure
3. Pressure in a relationship
4. Constant need to look good
5. Constant pressure to excel in all aspects of life
6. Uncertainty about the future
7. Drinking and smoking
8. Depression
9. Addiction to the social network
10. Eating disorders

How these people can be helpful to you in case you are suffering from any of the above ‘ Stated problems.
Mother: ……………..
Teacher: ……………..
Brother: ……………..
Friend: ……………..
Father: ……………..
Neighbour: ……………..

Vocabulary

1. Unscramble the letters in part A. Write the word in the brackets and match it with the description in part B. One is done for you.

A B
1. equry (query) a question
2. ferzny (frenzy) tend something lovingly
3. cehrihs (cherish) that can be heard easily
4. fir tie (trifle) thing that has little value
5.ordswy (drowsy) try to persuade someone to do something
6. hoarnym (harmony) the pleasing combination of related things
7. laebdiu(audible) extremely emotional wave
8. rteeninot (retention) feeling sleepy
9. parech (preach) ability to remember things

Answer:
(1) query – a question
(2) frenzy – extremely emotional wave
(3) cherish – tend something lovingly
(4) trifle – thing that has little value
(5) drowsy – feeling sleepy
(6) harmony – the pleasing combination of related things
(7) audible – that can be heard easily
(8) retention – ability to remember things
(9) preach – try to persuade someone to do something

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

2. Describe whether the descriptions show positive or negative characteristics. Underline one or two words which give you idea about positive or negative characteristic.

No. Description Smiley
1- She prepares a timetable and works accordingly. positive
2. He is always cheerful in any situation. positive
3. Rushil is crazy about cartoon films and doesn’t study well. negative
4. My mummy asks me to read every now and then. positive
5. Faizal feels boredom in his study. negative
6. At the time of exam, David feels free and stressless. negative
7. I have some queries, but I don’t ask my teacher. negative
8. I often feel embarrassed when I make mistakes. negative
9. Jubeda takes light food at the time of exam. positive
10. My parents never discourage me in my endeavors. positive
11. Rustom never shares anything with anyone. negative
12. The young ones get tempted by advertisements and buy useless products. negative
13. Prayag always perspires when he has 2 or 3 difficult questions in the examination. negative
14. Reena wastes her time irrespective of her parents’ advice. negative
15. My rival won the final match against me. I joined the applause. positive

3. Complete the next sentence by writing an antonym (opposite) for the word in bold in the previous sentence.

(1) I don’t like the taste of cooked onion. But it doesn’t taste delicious if it is raw.
(2) My cousin Anjani is an adult, however sometimes she behaves like a child.
(3) The grown-up generation thinks that teenagers are generous. I came across some teenagers who are miserly.
(4) Rahul talks with us in a normal way in the class, but his mother complains of his abnormal behaviour at home.
(5) A journey by plane is always comfortable whereas the same by a chakada is uncomfortable.
(6) Our teachers always encourage us in any activity we do. If we make any mistakes they never discourage us.

4. Complete each sentence by circling the correct word.

(1) You can consult Dr Parikh. He is a prominence /prominent consultant in psychology.
(2) We can get any clarification about superstitions easily as our science club is
association /associated with Vigyan Jatha Institute.
(3) All the judges praised Firdos when he sang melody /melodious songs.
(4) Nowadays in Gujarat, every school interaction /interacts with students to evaluate them under SCE scheme.
(5) Our lecturer Mr Desai used to say,” Poetry is a spontaneous /spontaneity flow of a poet’s feelings.
(6) “If you eat fast food too much, your metabolism /metabolic will get disturbed,” said the doctor to Ami.
(7) Nani’s performance at the elocution competition ended with a loud applaud/applause?

5. Reshuffle the underlined words to make all the sentences meaningful.

Jennifer, studying in SSC, is worried a lot about her board exam. She never unaware of any situations. She reads till late night tune up her bad health. She is quite copes up with what she is doing. Her parents try their best to persuade her but she doesn’t irrespective of with the timings of the exam. She said, “I will manage both my study and health.”
Answer:
Jennifer, studying in SSC, is worried a lot about her board exam. She never copes up with any situations. She reads till late night irrespective of her bad health. She is quite unaware of what she is doing. Her parents try their best to persuade her but she doesn’t tune up with the timings of the exam. She said, “I will manage both my study and health.”

6. We add a suffix at the end of a word to make a new word. Here is a list of suffixes and their meanings with examples.

No. Suffix Meaning Example
1. -ly (a) like
(b) how
(c) when
(a) manly
(b) slowly
(c) yearly
2. -less without pitiless, helpless
3. -ish belonging, like girlish,
4. -ess feminine of nouns princess, poetess
5. -er, -or one who farmer, actor
6. -ation act of invitation
7. -able capable of, for possible, adoptable

Now make new words from these words by adding proper suffixes and nil in the blanks.
(help, fear, week, adjust, sing, cancel, child, decorate, edit, quick)
Example: Priti forgot her purse in the train so she couldn’t do anything. She was helpless.
(1) Though Aman is in std. 10, he behaves like a child. He is childish.
(2) Jenil sings very well. I think he will be a singer in future.
(3) Popatlal is always talking of cancellation of everything.
(4) I don’t have time to read daily so I read some weekly magazines on Sunday.
(5) The manager glanced at the clock and left for home quickly.
(6) She is such an adjustable person that she will mix with the staff there in a week.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

7. Complete the sentences with the words given inside the square. Then complete the square with such words. The first letter of each word is the same as the last letter of the word before.

You can see the first verb as an example.
(1) We must rush or we’ll be late.
(2) I can’t hear you! Don’t speak so softly.
(3) He is going to run in the race tomorrow.
(4) You need a good dictionary when you do these exercises.
(5) Why does she drive her car so fast ?
(6) I always eat some fruit at the end of my meal.
(7) Can you throw the ball back to those boys ?
(8) They always wear the same clothes.
(9) I read a newspaper every morning.
(10) He says they drink too much tea.
(11) I really don’t know the answer to your question.
(12) She often has to wait if the bus is late.
(13) They always travel by air when they go to Italy.
(14) He is very funny. He always makes me laugh.
(15) Shall I help you to open the window?
(16) Which do you prefer, Pepsi or Cola?
GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens! 1

Comprehension

1. Match the speaker and the statement. Write the alphabet in the brackets. One is done for you.

No. Speaker No. Statements
1. Bharat (E) A My daughter hardly shares anything about the school with us.
2. Anuj Bhatt (J) B I hope I am audible enough.
3. Sudhir Shah (F) C My parents don’t allow me to eat what I enjoy.
4. Dr Nasir Mansuri (H) D Eat raw vegetables and fruits a lot.
5. Dr Mrs Shelat (G) E How can I improve my retention, sir ?
6. Prof. Ray Mackey (B) F There is a growing concern over what we eat these days.
7. Priyanshi (C) G There should be proper balance between games and entertainment.
8. Dr Manju Shroff (D) H Dear, you seem to be 10th or 12th standard student.
9. Kandarp (I) I I read somewhere ‘tune up for board exam’.
10. Suhani Mehta (A) J I would like to welcome you all in the seminar ‘Bring out the Best’.

2. Tick mark the correct option.

Question 1.
The seminar ‘Bring out your Best’ is organized to
A. bring out the best from the teens
B. advise the young parents
C. advise the weak students
D. advise the students and their parents
Answer:
D. advise the students and their parents

Question 2.
Prof. Ray Mackey is ………..
A. an educationist
B. an international counsellor
C. a well-known psychologist
D. a professor in career counseling
Answer:
B. an international counsellor

Question 3.
Bharat is much worried because
A. brain tonic does not help him improve his memory
B. he wants to improve his memory power
C. he forgets most of what he reads
D. he cannot concentrate on reading
Answer:
C. he forgets most of what he reads

Question 4.
According to Dr Mansuri
A. one should develop different learning styles
B. there isn’t any fixed method of improving retention
C. one should form a habit of writing too much
D. more than one style of learning helps improve retention
Answer:
D. more than one style of learning helps improve retention

Question 5.
Dr Mrs Shelat advises the parents that they should
A. forbid their kids to watch TV programmes
B. create proper balance between study and hours of watching TV
C. reduce the stress of their kids
D. encourage their kids for games and music
Answer:
B. create proper balance between study and hours of watching TV

Question 6.
Which of the following is true in the case of Mrs Suhani Mehta’s daughter?
A. She is quite intelligent.
B. She doesn’t enjoy her studies well.
C. She generally doesn’t share anything with her.
D. She discusses everything with her.
Answer:
C. She generally doesn’t share anything with her.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

3. Read the sentences. If you agree put ‘A’ and if not, put ‘DA’. Compare your answers with other pairs, (pair work).

(1) Teenagers should be counselled for a better career. [A]
(2) Our food habits don’t affect with our study and performance in the exam. [DA]
(3) Brain tonics and vitamin tablets increase our retention power. [DA]
(4) If students are involved in classroom activities, learning becomes easier. [A]
(5) Learners should adopt more than one learning style to get on well with studies, [A]
(6) Many students feel that they read a lot but they don’t remember anything. [A]
(7) Complete avoidance of games and TV programmes is the only solution for the learners to get engaged in studies. [DA]
(8) Students should share their views and feelings with their parents to get their problems solved. [A]
(9) Overeating is good for study and health. [DA]
(10) Many students feel depressed and frustrated when they fail to tune up with their study habits. [A]

4. Fill in the appropriate information based on the Read in the table.

Name of the student Question (in brief) Name of the counsellor Advice given (in brief)
Bharat How can I improve my retention ? Dr Mansuri 1. Stop taking brain tonics.
2. Adopt a learning style that suits you best for each subject.
Shalin His mother complains that he spends too much time in playing and watching TV. Dr Mrs Shelat 1. Fix a time limit for watching TV.
2. Balance between study and play hours.
Suhani Mehta’s daughter Daughter does not share anything about school and studies Prof. Mackay 1. Negative response and preaching of parents discourage children.
2. Children must share everything with their parents.
Priyanshi Is there any relation between studies and food that we eat ? Dr Shroff 1. Eat food that is light and easy to digest.
2.  Eats raw vegetables and lots of fruits.
3. Do not overeat.
Kandarp Dr Mansuri 1. Identify your strengths and weaknesses.
2. When you receive the board exam schedule, prepare a timetable based on your energy level. Identify the best time when your energy level is high. Try to match it with the time slot of examination.
3. Relax to tune up your body and mind. Follow relaxation techniques like pranayam, yogasan, stretching, listening to music, taking a walk, having a cup of green tea, talking to your friends or parents.
4. Maintain a cheerful mood and don’t work in frenzy.

5. Answer these questions.

Question 1.
What unites the families, according to Prof. Mackey?
Answer:
According to Prof. Mackay, sharing between parents and children unites families.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

Question 2.
What proves to be an obstacle in sharing ?
Answer:
When children are not able to understand the intention of parents, it proves to be an obstacle in sharing.

Question 3.
What doesn’t help children in sharing ?
Answer:
Negative response and preaching of parents doesn’t help children in sharing.

Question 4.
What is the complaint of Priyanshi ?
Answer:
Priyanshi’s complaint is that her parents do not allow her to eat what she enjoys.

Question 5.
What does Priyanshi love to eat ?
Answer:
Priyanshi loves to eat pizza with double cheese.

Question 6.
What is Kandarp asking about ?
Answer:
Kandarp is asking about the meaning of ‘tune up yourself for the board exam’.

Question 7.
What slows down the brain activities ?
Answer:
Eating heavy food slows down the brain activities.

6. Answer these questions in two or three sentences each.

Question 1.
What is required for students ? What does Dr Manju Shroff advise Priyanshi to keep her brain active ?
1. Identify your strengths and weaknesses.
2. When you receive the board exam schedule, prepare a timetable based on your energy level. Identify the best time when your energy level is high. Try to match it with the time slot of examination.
3. Relax to tune up your body and mind. Follow relaxation techniques like pranayam, yogasan, stretching, listening to music, taking a walk, having a cup of green tea, talking to your friends or parents.
4. Maintain a cheerful mood and don’t work in frenzy.
Answer:
Students should eat light food to keep their brain active. Dr Manju Shroff advises Priyanshi to eat light and easy to digest food with enough of soup, juice, daal, milk, chhash Iasi, etc. She also advises her to eat raw vegetables and fruits and not to overeat.

Question 2.
What does ‘tune up’ refer to ? What should Kandarp keep in mind while tuning up for board examination schedule ?
Answer:
‘Tune up’ refers to preparing your mind and body for a particular task. While tuning up for the board examination schedule,Kandarp should keep in mind his strengths and weakness. Strengths are our assets and they help to cope with the exams.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

Question 3.
What does Dr Mansuri advise Kandarp to do after he has received the board examination schedule ?
Answer:
Dr Mansuri advises Kandarp to prepare a new timetable based on his energy level. He should identify the best time when his energy level is the highest. He should then match it with the examination slot. Dr Mansuri also advises Kandarp to follow some relaxation techniques like yogasan, pranayam, etc.

Question 4.
Who has organized the counselling seminar Where Who are on the panel ?
Answer:
Anuj Bhatt, the coordinator of the Career and Counselling Cell, has organized the counselling seminar in Anand Vihar School Dr Nasir Mansuri practising clinical psychologist), Dr Mrs Shelat (a prominent educationist in Gujarat), Dr Manju Shroff a well-known dietician and Prof. Ray Mackey (from University of Edinburgh) are on the panel.

Question 5.
What is Dr Mansuri ? With what has he been associated ?
Answer:
Dr Nasir Mansuri is a practising clinical psychologist. He has been associated with the Lotus Group of Schools in Vadodara,

7. Write short notes using the points.

Question 1.
Ways of improving retention
(a problem with most students-no fixed method of learning – adopt more than one styles-no brain tonics)
Answer:
Retention is a problem faced by most students. There is no fixed method of improving retention. But a student must identify the way in which he /she learns. There are different learning styles – listening, writing, drawing flowcharts and diagrams, discussion, reflective thinking, etc. A student needs to identify which style suits him/ her the best for different subjects.

To write an essay, we brainstorm ideas and create a web, followed by arranging the ideas logically and constructing meaningful sentences. By doing so, we adopt more than one style of learning that helps to remember for a longer duration. That will help in improving retention. And brain tonics do not work.

Question 2.
Prof. Mackey’s views on sharing
(Suhani Mehta’s question – sharing much needed-no negative responses – intention of parents – encourage to share)
Answer:
Mrs Suhani Mehta’s daughter enjoys her t studies but she does not share anything about school and studies with her parents. She avoids discussing the school at home. According to Prof. Mackey, if sharing is missing, both children and parents are responsible. Sharing is the glue that binds a family together.

Generally, teenagers find it uncomfortable to share all details related to their lives. So parents must consider this and decide their response to their sharing. Negative response and preaching discourage children. Children must read the intention of parents. Not sharing anything may lead to serious problems.

Question 3.
Dr Mansuri’s advice to Kandarp
(tune up – harmony with body and mind – strengths and weaknesses – prepare for board timetable – relaxation techniques – talking to friends and parents)
Answer:
Tune up means preparing your mind and body for a particular task. To tune up for examination, students should know how body and mind work in harmony. A student should identify his / her strengths and weaknesses. Strengths will help him/ her cope the exams. A student’s body and mind are tuned up to the school timetable. But when he / she receives the board exam schedule, he / she should prepare a new timetable based on his/ her energy level.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

He / She should identify the best time when his / her energy level is high. Try to match it with the time slot of examination. It is important to relax to time up your body and mind. There are simple relaxation techniques like pranayam, yogasan, stretching, listening to music, taking a walk, having a cup of green tea, talking to friends or parents. It is also important to maintain a cheerful mood.

8. Reflect and give your ideas on these. You may use your mother tongue.

(Classroom / Individual Activity)
(1) Invite a dietician to your school and arrange a talk with him / her.
(2) List your problems on a piece of paper. Share these problems with the others. Invite discussion on the possible ways to solve the problems.
(3) Tell the class how your parents and family members help you for good and effective study habits and overcome your problems.
(4) Your school has invited a prominent educationist to guide the students of class 10 and 12. As the President of the Students’ Council, prepare some questions to interview him / her. Take your teacher’s help.

Language Practice

1. Read the telephonic talk between a traveller and a tour operator carefully to complete the table.

A : This is Trips & Tours, Ahmedabad. How may I help you?
B : Hello, I watch Kushboo Gujarat Ki advertisements of Gujarat Tourism and feel it is an interesting state to explore!
A : Indeed, sir. Gujarat is a wonderful destination for nature lovers, spiritual seekers and history lovers as well.
B : Sounds good. In that case, what could you offer me ?
A : Sir, we offer packaged tours that include lodging & boarding, food and travel.
B : That’s great. Tell me something about your packages.
A : Well, at the moment we have operational packages of three days and two nights; five days and four nights and eight days and seven nights.
B : That’s confusing … what do you think would be the best for me ?
A : Frankly speaking, it depends upon your interest, time and budget, sir.
B : Well, I am a nature lover and a history teacher and we have a week’s vacation.
A : That’s great! I think our second package would suit your interest and time limit.
B : In that case, can you give me some more details ?
A : Certainly, sir! Six days & five nights include l places in and around Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar; archeological sites like Modhera Sun Temple, Rani Ki Vaav and Lothal, in addition to Velavadar Blackbuck Sanctuary,one of the nature circuit destinations. The package will help you explore history and experience nature in Gujarat.
B : And, what are the package charges ?
A : The first one will cost ₹ 2000 per person, the second one will cost ₹ 4000 per person and the charges for the eight days and seven nights are ₹ 6000 plus 15 % Service Tax extra. Any additional entry fees or guide charges will be borne by the traveller.
B : Is there any concession for children ?
A : Sir, the charges I told you are for all who are above . We give concession of 500 for the age group of 4 to 12 in each package. There are no charges for children below 4.
B : That’s very clear, I think. How can I book the tour ?
A :You need to send a Demand Draft of 50 % of the total amount which is non-refundable.
B: Thank you for the information.
A :You are welcome, sir. Feel free to call anytime between 10 a.m. and 6 p.m. for any query.

Now, complete the table based on the conversation.

Name of the tour operator Trips & Tours
Town / City Ahmedabad
Working hours 10 a.m. and 6 p.m.
No. of packages they offer Three
Duration of the packages offered Three days and two nights; five days and four nights and eight days and seven nights.
Charges of the packages discussed The first one will cost ₹ 2000 per person, the second one will cost ₹ 4000 per person and the third one will cost ? 6000 per person.
The packages include Lodging & boarding, food and travel.
Booking amount 50 % of the total amount which is non-refundable.
Extra charges (if any) 15 % Service Tax

2. Read the questions carefully. Write M for Mobile Phone Inquiry and B for Bike Inquiry against each sentence. In case of questions that can be asked in inquiry about both, write M / B against the question.

(1) Can you listen to the voice clearly ? [M] ?
(2) Did you check the spark plug ? [B]
(3) Did you drop it in water ever ? [M]
(4) Do you get it serviced regularly ? [B]
(5) Do you have any free service left ? [B]
(6) Does it heat too much ? [M]
(7) Does it restart automatically ? [M]
(8) Have you ever changed the air filter ? [B]
(9) How is the picture quality ? [M]
(10) How many kilometres has it run so far? [B]
(11) Is it catching the network properly? [M]
(12) Is it under warranty period? [M]
(13) Since how long is the problem? [M/B]
(14) When did you buy it ? [M/B]
(15) When did you change the oil last ? [B]
(16) When did you get it serviced last? [B]

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

Now imagine that your bike engine stops frequently and your mobile phone restarts automatically. Select the questions from the above list that may be asked by a mechanic or a mobile repairer. Write the question numbers in logical sequence in the columns to make it a meaningful inquiry.

About a mobile phone

About a bike

(1) When did you buy it ? (1) When did you buy it ?
(2) Since how long is the problem ? (2) Since how long is the problem?
(3) Is  it  under warranty period ? (3) How many kilo­metres has it run so far?
(4) Is it catching the network pro­perly ? (4) Do you get it serviced regu­larly ?
(5) Can you listen to the voice clearly ? (5) When did you get it serviced last ?
(6) How is the picture quality ? (6) Do you have any free service left ?

3. Mr & Mrs Vishwas want to buy a new television set for their new house. What do you think they should consider for the right selection ? Work in pairs and list the points they should consider. One is given for you.

Example : Size of the TV
(1) company manufacturing the TV
(2) cost of the TV
(3) picture quality
(4) sound quality
(5) resolution
(6) special features like Wi-Fi, power saving, etc.

Now read this passage on criteria for TV selection. If you’re looking to buy a TV this year, you’re faced with quite simply the most complicated and diverse TV market there’s ever been. You’ve got to take into consideration different panel technologies (direct LED, edge LED, and OLED); different resolutions (HD and UHD); whether or not you want high dynamic range and if you do, what level of HDR performance you want; whether you want a curved screen or a flat screen … honestly, there’s pretty much nothing the TV brands aren’t trying in order to win over your hearts and wallets.

To some extent you need to work out for yourself which features matter to you and which don’t, based on your viewing habits and personal tastes. Think in particular about what screen size you can manage, whether your room is usually bright or dark, and what sort of sources you’re likely to be using.

Now imagine that you are a sales representative in a TV showroom and Mr and Mrs Vishwas have come there for buying a TV set. You want to know their requirements to assist them in TV selection. Read the answers given by Mr & Mrs Vishwas and frame the appropriate questions for the same by arranging the jumbled words / phrases.

Example:
Q. do you want/Where / to fix the TV set?
Where do you want to fix the TV set ?
A. In the drawing room.

Question 1.
the size/What is / the room /of?
What is the size of the room ?
Answer:
Approximately 180 sq ft.

Question 2.
dimension/is the/What/of the room?
What is the dimension of the room?
Answer:
15 ft x 12 ft.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

Question 3.
Sir, TV programmes / you watch / kind \ of / what / do / generally ? Generally, what kind of TV programmes do you watch ?
Answer:
Generally we watch sports, movies and serials.

Question 4.
at a time/the maximum number/What is / of people watching TV ?
What is the maximum number of people watching TV at a time ?
Answer:
Maximum 6 people together when there is any high voltage cricket match.

Question 5
sir / technology or feature /any special/in the TV set / Do you want ?
Do you want any special technology or feature in the TV set, sir ?
Answer:Yes, we want a smart TV that connects with a smart phone.

4. Read the TV specifications and the cues. One student will act as a customer and the other as the shopkeeper. Follow the cues and write a conversation in your notebook. Enact it the class.

Specifications Model No.
LED 42 LED 32 LED 40
Display Size 42″ 32″ 40″
Resolution Full HD
1920 x 1080 pixels
1920 x 1080 pixels Full HD
1920 x 1080 pixels
Features 3D :Yes Smart: Yes Wi-Fi: Yes 3D :No Smart: Yes Wi-Fi: No 3D :No Smart: Yes Wi-Fi: Yes
Connectivity 3 USB Ports 3 HDMI Ports 1 USB Ports 1 HDMI Port 2 USB Ports 2 HDMI Ports
Sound Quality Dolby Digital Plus Dolby Digital Dolby Digital
Total Sound Output 20W 16W 16W
Power Saving Rating 3 Star 4 Star 3 Star
Price ₹ 51,999 ₹ 36,999 ₹ 41,999

Cues:

A – Shopkeeper

B – Customer

1. Welcome B and ask how you can help. 1. Reply A.
2. Ask B about the size required. 2. Inform A about the room size.
3. Suggest B the appropriate size. 3. Ask A about the features in it.
4. Reply B. 4. Ask A about connectivity options.
5. Reply B and inform about the sound quality. 5. Ask A about the price.
6. Reply B 6. Thank A
7. Reply B

Answer:
A .‘Welcome, sir. How can I help you?
B : I would like to purchase a TV set.
A : Sure, sir. Which size would you like to see ?
B : Well, I am not really sure. Which sizes are available with you?
A : We have three display sizes, sir. 42″, 32″ and 40″. By the way, what is the room size ?
B : Well, approximately 15 feet x 20 feet.
A : Ok. In that case, I would suggest a 40″ display size.
B : I see. What are the special features about it ?
A : Sir, it is full HD with 1920 x 1080 pixels resolution. It can be connected to a smart phone and has Wi-Fi facility, too.
B : And what about the connectivity ?
A : Well, sir, you get 2 USB ports and 2 HDMI ports.
B : Great. I needed that.
A : Yes, indeed. And it has a 16 W sound output in Dolby Digital.
B : Ok. I need to check it. What is the price of this TV set?
A : ₹ 41,999. Besides, it has a 3 star power saving rating, too.
B : Ok, I got it. Thank you for all the information.
A : You are welcome, sir. In case, you decide to buy one, please call me any time between 10 a.m. and 7 p.m. Here is my card.
B : Sure, I will. Thank you, again.
A : My pleasure, sir.

5. Read the story carefully. Who, do you think, killed Mr Mahesh ?

One day, inside a police station in a small town, the police inspector was going through some of his case files. The clock on the wall rang eleven times. The police inspector saw the time. As soon as he started working again, his telephone rang
[Trin… Trin]
“Hello, Inspector Khan here!”
“Sir, sir, there is a murder in the house.”
“Who are you ? Who is murdered ?”

“I am the manager of Reliable Industries. Our Chairman, Mr Maheshbhai, is murdered.”
“How do you know he is murdered ? Anyway,
I am coming. Tell me the address.”

The police inspector immediately asked his constables to follow and went to that businessman’s house. When they reached the house, they saw the dead body on the floor. There was another man, who introduced himself as Mukeshbhai’s manager. He said that he came to see the boss in the morning but he found him dead, and then he immediately called the police station.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

The police inspector looked at the room to see if he could find any clue about the murder.
He walked near the rich man’s dead body and something flashed in his mind. He saw the time in the dead man’s wrist watch. It wasn’t working but was showing 11 o’clock still. The police inspector realized that the clock had stopped working because it had hit the floor with some force as the rich man fell dead.

One will act as Inspector Khan and the other as the Manager. Inspector Khan suspects the Manager. What do you think he ‘ will ask the Manager and the Manager would reply him ? Write a dialogue and enact it in the class. (You can ask as many relevant questions as possible.)
Inspector Khan:Who are you?
Manager : I am the Manager of Reliable Industries, sir. I called you to inform about the murder.
Inspector Khan: I see. And what are you doing here, at this time ?
Manager : Boss … I mean, Maheshbhai had called ) me to collect the salary of the workers.
Inspector Khan : On a Sunday? Strange …! Why on a Sunday ? He could have given on Monday.
Manager: Sir, Maheshbhai had withdrawn the cash on Saturday. He said that he may go out on Monday. So he called me on Sunday.
Inspector Khan : Hmm … What about Maheshbhai’s family ? Do you know anything ?
Manager :Yes, sir. He has one son. He is studying in the UK. Maheshbhai’s wife has gone to Pune for some family function.
Inspector Khan : I see. No servants in the house ?
Manager :Yes, sir. There is a servant called Ramu. He looks after the house. The cook comes at around 12 noon.
Inspector Khan: Hmm… In that case, where is Ramu ?
Manager : I did not see him in the house. Perhaps he has gone to the market. But I am not sure about that.
Inspector Khan : Ok. What time had Maheshbhai called you here ?
Manager:At 11 o’clock, sir.
Inspector Khan: And what time did you come here ?
Manager: I came here at a 10:50, sir. I’m always before time.
Inspector Khan: That’s good. And then what happened ?
Manager: I rang the bell, but no one opened it. I waited for some time. Then I pushed the door gently and it opened. So I went inside. I called out to Maheshbhai, but he did not answer.
As I was going towards the sofa, I
saw him lying on the ground. His head was bleeding … as if somebody had hit him hard from behind.
Inspector Khan: I see. Good observation. And how much time all this must have taken?
Manager: About 5 minutes, sir.
Inspector Khan : That means … you come here at 10:50, ring the bell, wait for about three-four minutes, and then enter the house … at about 10:54. Am I right ?
Manager :Yes, sir.
Inspector Khan: And in how much time after that did you see him?
Manager: In about three-four more minutes, sir.
Inspector Khan:That is … around 10:58?
Manager: Almost, sir.
Inspector Khan : Fine. I get it. Now tell me, when did you call me ?
Manager: I called you as soon as I was sure that Maheshbhai was dead.
Inspector Khan :What time ?
Manager : Around 11 o’clock.
Inspector Khan: I see. So it means that when entered the house, Maheshbhai was already murdered ?
Manager :Yes, sir.
Inspector Khan : Alright. Thank you, Mr Manager, for all your cooperation. You were a great help. We will call you whenever we need you. Please do not leave the town
without our permission. We need your help in the investigation.
Manager :Yes, sir.

6. Imagine that the police arrested the Manager and he is taken to the court of law for trial. The Manager answers the ? questions of the lawyer. Read the answers ( carefully and frame questions using What, When, Where, Why and How asked by the lawyer.

Lawyer : What day was it ?
Manager:It was Sunday, 31st August.
Lawyer : When did you reach there ?
Manager: I reached there at 11 o’clock.
Lawyer : How did you arrive there ?
Manager : I arrived by car.
Lawyer : Where do you live ?
Manager:I live in Sector 31, Azad Road.
Lawyer: When did you leave your home ?
Manager:I left my home at 10:30 a.m.
Lawyer: How far is your home from Mr Mahesh’s bungalow ?
Manager: My home is 40 km from Mr Mahesh’s bungalow.
Lawyer : Why did you go there ?
Manager: I came there to collect the amount for the salary of the workers.
Lawyer: Why did you go on a Sunday?
Manager: I came on Sunday because it was the last day of the month and Mr Mahesh had already withdrawn the money on Saturday for payment on Monday morning.
Lawyer: What did you see when you entered the house ?
Manager: I saw that the door was open and Mr Mahesh was lying on the floor and his head was bleeding.
Lawyer : What did you do ?
Manager : I immediately called the police.
Lawyer : Why didn’t you call the doctor ?
Manager:I did not call the doctor because… because …he was already dead.

7. One night, there was a theft in the home of Mr & Mrs Patel. Following the complaint, you visited their home as a Police Inspector. How will you gather evidences to lead the inquiry ? List the questions that you will ask the couple on what happened and how and what was lost. You may list as ( many questions as you like.

(1) When did the theft take place ?
(2) Were they at home at that time ?
(3) Where were they when the theft took place ?
(4) When did they come to know of the theft ?
(5) How many people live in the house ?
(6) How many servants are there in the house ?
(7) What was stolen ?
(8) Do they suspect anyone ?
(9) Did they have any insurance of the stolen goods ?
(10) Did the neighbours know about their schedule ?
(11) Did the servants know about their schedule ?

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

8. Match A with B. Sequence the appropriate pairs to make a meaningful conversation between a passenger and an Inquiry Officer at a bus station. Role play in the class.

A (Questions) B (Answers) Match
1. How many kilometres are added in the route via Ahwa ? a. Yes, sir. You can. You can also reserve seats online. 1 – e
2. Thank you so much! b. It is same up to Waghai. Then it goes to Saputara via Ahwa. 2 – c
3. How much time does it take to reach Saputara ? c. You’re welcome. 3 – f
4. Which is the other route ? d. It is via Vansda, Waghai on NH 360. 4 – b
5. I want to go to Saputara. e. Approximately 25 km. 5 – h
6. Can I book tickets in advance ? f. It depends on the route. It may take 5 to 7 hours. 6 – a
7. Which is the shortest route ? g. Yes, how may I help you ? 7 – d
8. Excuse me. h. Sir, there are four buses on that route every day. The first one leaves at 7 a.m., which has already left. Now there are buses at 9:30 a.m., 2 p.m. and the last one is at 4:30 pm. 8-g

Passenger : Excuse me.
Inquiry Officer : Yes, how may I help you ?
Passenger: I want to go to Saputara.
Inquiry Officer: Sir, there are four buses on that route every day. The first one leaves at 7 a.m., which has already left. Now there are buses at 9:30 a.m., 2 p.m. and the last one is at 4:30 p.m.
Passenger : How much time does it take to reach Saputara ?
Inquiry Officer: It depends on the route. It may take 5 to 7 hours.
Passenger : Which is the shortest route ?
Inquiry Officer: It is via Vansda, Waghai on NH 360.
Passenger : Which is the other route
Inquiry Officer: It is the same up to Waghai.
Then it goes to Saputara via Ahwa.
Passenger : How many kilometres are added in the route via Ahwa ?
Inquiry Officer : Approximately 25 km.
Passenger: Can I book tickets in advance ?
Inquiry Officer: Yes, sir. You can. You can also reserve seats online.
Passenger : Thank you so much!
Inquiry Officer : You’re welcome.

Writing

1. Write the numbers of the statements in the appropriate column. Also write what you will do to overcome the negativity. You may take help from your elders and teachers.

(1) I look at the bright side of life.
(2) I choose to be optimistic.
(3) I often think about difficulties, failures and disasters.
(4) I respect supporting statements that inspire and motivate myself.
(5) I catch myself often imagining my future failures.
(6) I often hear myself using negative words in my conversations.
(7) I believe that the universe will help me.
(8) I connect myself with happy people.
(9) I see myself stuck and unable to improve my life or my health.
(10) I find reasons to smile more often.

Positive Ideas Negative Ideas Steps to fight back the negativity
(1) I look at the bright side of life.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

(3) I often think about difficulties, failures and disasters. I will think of positive things. I will read books that will motivate, inspire and encourage me to be confident and positive.
(2) I choose to be optimistic. (5) I catch myself often imagining my future failures. I will tell myself that what has to happen, will surely happen. I will not spoil my present thinking about my future.
(4) I respect supporting statements that inspire and motivate myself. (6) I often hear myself using negative words in my conversations. I will consciously try to use positive words.
(7) I believe that the universe will help me. (9) I see myself stuck and unable to improve my life or my health. To a certain extent, my life and my health depend on my positive thinking. If I remain positive and cheerful all the time, my life and health will improve.
(8) I connect myself with happy people.
(10) I find reasons to smile more often.

2. Write a paragraph on ‘My Preparation for the Board Examination’ using these points.

(your daily routine – timetable for reading and preparation – food you eat – entertainment – techniques of memorisation – techniques of understanding – advice from parents and teachers – physical facilities you require – help from family, friends, etc.-your expectation about the result)
Answer:
I will be appearing for my 10th standard Board examination this March. I have already prepared myself well for the tough schedule. I have a fixed daily routine. I have prepared a timetable for revision of each subject. I make sure I follow that timetable so that I am free from any stress or tension. Since I can study s and remember well early in the morning, I get up at 5 a.m. and revise all the difficult subjects.

This improves my retention. I have adopted several styles of learning subjects. In Maths and Science, I usually remember by writing and drawing diagrams and flowcharts. Languages can be best revised through concentrated reading, s I also take help and advice of my parents and ? teachers about how best I can prepare myself for the Board exam.

I have changed my food habits also. I take light food, which is easy to digest. I eat plenty of salads and fruits. After my morning revision, I go for walk or exercise.I also spend time talking to my parents and friends. It refreshes me. In the evening I play for some time and also watch TV for an hour.I am confident of getting good marks.

3. Chintan is fond of watching TV. Khevana is careful about the selection of what to see and what not, as well as the time spent on it.

Here is a list of advantages and disadvantages of watching TV. Write ‘A’ for advantage and ‘D’ for disadvantage against each statement. In pair, read the list and prepare a dialogue between Khevana and Chintan debating the issue of the advantages and disadvantages of watching TV.

[A] Spiritual shows build the character.
[A] Keeps you updated with current affairs.
[D] Eyes get tired by watching TV for a long time.
[D] Improper shows harm the moral behaviour of the society.
[D] Disturbs the sleeping hours.
[A] Special episodes teach moral lessons.
[D] Channels offer many bargaining deals.
[A] Awareness of the present socio-economic conditions.
[D] Too much sound creates noise pollution.
[D] Takes us away from the motive of our life.
[A] Useful information about the latest academic developments.
[D] TV commercials inspire you to buy useless and unnecessary things.

Chintan : TV is the most important thing nowadays.
It is very necessary to watch TV.
Khevana: I do not agree with you. TV should be watched in limits. There are more disadvantages than advantages.
Chintan: Disadvantages ? Oh, no, no. I do not agree with you. Tell me about at least two disadvantages.
Khevana : Watching TV for long hours spoils your eyesight. You become lazy. Children who sit in front of TV for a long time are not physically and mentally active.
Chintan: Maybe. But they learn so many new things. It’s a wonderful source of knowledge.
Khevana: Well, partly. Not all TV channels are worth watching. Some TV channels are not good for children. They spoil the moral character of the society. Besides this, the advertisements lure children to buy unnecessary things.
Chintan : But there are some spiritual shows that help to build character.
Khevana:Yes, but very few shows. Mostly children like to watch entertainment channels, which do not always have good shows.
Chintan: But there are news channels that keep you updated with the current affairs.
Khevana : True. But the same news channels also show some news that are harmful to the children.
Chintan: But they show come good educational programmes, too.
Khevana : Agreed. But how many children watch such programmes Children are often awake till late night, watching useless programmes on TV This disturbs their sleep and also affects their study.
Chintan : But parents can control that, can’t they ?
Khevana: Of course, they can. But sometimes parents also spend long hours watching TV. So obviously, children will also do the same.
Chintan: At least, they will sit quietly.
Khevana: That’s a silly argument. TV causes
noise pollution and affects children’s health. It is better if they spend their free time playing or in some creative activities.
Chintan: Well, I enjoy watching TV And I get good marks too.
Khevana: But you can score even better marks if you watch TV wisely. Try it and see how well you do in your studies.
Chintan : Hmmm … I will think about it.
Khevana: You should. TV is good, but only in a limit. Otherwise it’s a waste of time and energy.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

4. The following is the usual schedule of a film star. Read the details and write diary entries of a day in the life of the film star.

Time Work-Activity Remark, if any
5:00 a.m.-5:45 a.m. Waking up and getting ready Listening to instrumental music
6:’00 a.m.-8:00 a.m. Workout at gym With instructor
8:00 a.m.-8:45 a.m. Bath and breakfast Fruit juice and sandwiches
9:45 a.m.-1:00 p.m. Shooting shift – 1 At the film studios
1:00 p.m.-2:00 p.m. Lunch with co-stars Diet food
2:00 p.m.-5:00 p.m. Shooting shift – 2 Usually outdoor
6:00 p.m.-8:00 p.m. Editing sessions At editing lab
8:30 p.m.-9:00 p.m. Meeting with secretary Next day’s schedule to be discussed
9:30 p.m.-11:00 p.m. Night party or discotheque For socializing
11:30 p.m.-5:00 a.m. Sleeping at home Sometimes at a hotel

You can start like this… I woke up at 5 a.m. today and got ready for the gym. While getting ready, I listened to some instrumental music. From 6 a.m. to 8 a.m., I worked out at the gym with my instructor. Between 8 a.m. and 8:45 a.m., I had my bath and my breakfast. I had fruit juice and sandwiches for breakfast. I left for shooting at the film studios. The first shift of shooting was from 9:45 to 1 p.m. I had a lunch break from 1 p.m. to 2 p.m.

I had my diet food with my co-stars. The second shift of shooting was from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. It was outdoor shooting. I went for editing session at the lab from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. From 8:30 p.m. to 9 p.m., I met my secretary to discuss the next day’s schedule. I spent time at the discotheque from 9:30 p.m. to 11p.m. I met many friends there. I came home and went to sleep at 11:30 p.m.

Exam-Oriented Study Material

1. Read the extracts and answer the questions.

(1) Anchor : Good morning everybody ! On behalf of Anand Vihar School, I, Anuj Bhatt, the co-ordinator of the Career and Counselling Cell, welcome you all to this seminar Bring Out Your Best, to counsel the students and their parents.

Question 1.
Who has organized the seminar?
Answer:
I, Anuj Bhatt, the co-ordinator of the Career and Counselling Cell, has organized the seminar.

Question 2.
What is the topic of the seminar ?
Answer:
The topic of the seminar is:Bring Out Your Best.

Question 3.
Why is the seminar held?
Answer:
The seminar is held to counsel the students and their parents.

Question 4.
Where is the seminar held ?
Answer:
The seminar is held in the Anand Vihar School.

(2) We are happy to have with us on the panel Dr Nasir Mansuri (a practising clinical psychologist), Dr Mrs Shelat (aprominent educationist in Gujarat), Dr Manju Shroff (a well-known dietician) and Prof. Ray Mackey, who is online from University of Edinburgh, would take your questions and solve your queries on study habits and preparing for the exams. May I request the principal of the school, Mr Sudhir Shah to introduce and welcome the guests ?

Question 1.
What is Dr Nasir Mansuri?
Answer:
Dr Nasir Mansuri is a clinical ? psychologist.

Question 2.
What is Dr Mrs Shelat ?
Answer:
Dr Mrs Shelat is a prominent educationist.

Question 3.
Who is a dietician?
Answer:
Dr Manju Shroff is a dietician.

Question 4.
Where does Prof. Ray Mackey work ?
Answer:
Prof. Ray Mackey works in the University of Edinburgh.

Question 5.
What is Mr Sudhir Shah ?
Answer:
Mr Sudhir Shah is the principal of the school.

Question 6.
What will the panelist do ?
Answer:
The panelist will take questions and solve queries on study habits and preparing for the exams.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

(3) Mr Shah : Honorable dignitaries on the dais, parents and students. Good morning to all present here. Though it’s winter now, many parents and students might be perspiring with the thought of exams approaching in March.

It is observed that unanswered questions of the students and expectations of the parents not only lead to stress but also create apathy and boredom for studies. The purpose of this seminar is to guide parents and students and come out with possible Dos and Don’ts during studies and exams.

Question 1.
Many students and parents might be nervous
Answer:
Many students and parents might be nervous with the thought of exams approaching in March.

Question 2.
What leads to stress and apathy for studies ?
Answer:
Unanswered questions of the students and expectations of the parents lead to stress and apathy for studies.

Question 3.
Unanswered questions of the students and expectations of the parents
Answer:
Unanswered questions of the students and expectations of the parents not only lead to stress but also create apathy and boredom for studies.

Question 4.
What is the purpose of the seminar ?
Answer:
The purpose of the seminar is to guide parents and students and come out with possible Dos and Don’ts during studies and exams.

(4) I am indeed happy to welcome Dr Nasir Mansuri, a practising clinical psychologist, from Vadodara. Dr Mansuri has been associated with the Lotus Group of Schools for 13 years and helps hundreds of students and parents every year.

Dr Mrs Shelat, is an eminent educationist, author and teacher trainer. And we are indeed fortunate to have her as one of the academic advisors to our school.

Question 1.
What is Dr Nasir Mansuri ?
Answer:
Dr Nasir Mansuri is a practising clinical psychologist from Vadodara.

Question 2.
With what has Dr Mansuri been associated ?
Answer:
Dr Mansuri has been associated with the Lotus Group of Schools for 13 years.

Question 3.
What is Dr Mrs Shelat ?
Answer:
Dr Mrs Shelat, is an eminent educationist, author and teacher trainer.

Question 4.
Dr Mrs Shelat is one of the
Answer:
Dr Mrs Shelat is one of the academic advisors to our school.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

(5) It is truly said that special activities demand special food habits. There is a growing concern over what we eat these days. Many of you would doubt what food habits has to do with the study habits and performance in the exams. You will come to know some interesting facts while interacting with Dr Manju Shroff, a well-known dietician.

Question 1.
Special activities demand
Answer:
Special activities demand special food habits.

Question 2.
For what is there a growing concern?
Answer:
There is a growing concern about what we eat.

Question 3.
What is Dr Manju Shroff?
Answer:
Dr Manju Shroff is a well-known dietician.

Question 4.
What will the students come to know after interacting with Dr Shroff?
Answer:
After interacting with Dr Shroff, the students will come to know what food habits have to do with the study habits and performance in the exams.

(6) In today’s globalised world, distance is hardly a barrier in communication. We have Prof. Ray Mackey, online from University of Edinburgh, who may bring in his international experience working with students and parents. I welcome you all and without any further delay I now invite students and parents to raise questions.

Question 1.
In today’s globalised world
Answer:
In today’s globalised world, distance is hardly a barrier in communication.

Question 2.
What is Prof. Ray Mackey?
Answer:
Prof. Ray Mackey is an international counselor.

Question 3.
Where does Prof. Mackey work ?
Answer:
Prof. Mackey works in the University of Edinburgh.

(7) A boy : Hello sir ! I am Bharat from std.
X. My question is to Dr Mansuri. I read almost six hours a day. In spite of this, I hardly remember anything at the end of the day. Even my Mom gives me brain tonic regularly but… How can I improve my retention?

Dr Mansuri: Bharat, though you have raised this question, you are not the only one who faces this problem. I am sure there are many here who might be having the same question. Tell me, how many of you have the same question? (Many hands go up.) Alright, have you heard
of the Chinese proverb, “I hear and I forget, I see and I remember, and I do and I understand” ?

Question 1.
What is Bharat’s problem?
Answer:
Bharat reads almost six hours a day, but can hardly remember anything at the end of the day.

Question 2.
What does Bharat want to do ?
Answer:
Bharat wants to improve his retention.

Question 3.
What does Bharat’s mother give him ? Why?
Answer:
Bharat’s mother gives him brain tonic to improve his retention.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

Question 4.
Which Chinese proverb does Dr Mansuri quote ?
Answer:
The Chinese proverb that Dr Mansuri quotes is : I hear and I forget, I see and I remember, and I do and I understand.

(8) Dr Mansuri: See, there is no fixed method of improving retention. However, you need to identify the way in which you learn. Let me clarify it. There are different learning styles. You learn by listening, writing, drawing flowcharts and diagrams, by discussing, by reflective thinking and so on. You need to identify which style suits you the best for different subjects.

For example, to write an essay, you brainstorm ideas and create a web, followed by arranging the ideas logically and constructing meaningful sentences. By doing so, you are adopting more than one style of learning that helps to remember for longer duration. That will help you in improving retention. And Bharat, now stop taking brain tonics. They simply do not work anyway.

Question 1.
What does a student need to identify?
Answer:
A student needs to identify the way in which he / she learns.

Question 2.
According to Dr Mansuri, there is no fixed method
Answer:
According to Dr Mansuri, there s is no fixed method of improving retention.

Question 3.
Which are the different learning styles ?
Answer:
The different learning styles are listening, writing, drawing flowcharts and diagrams, discussions and reflective thinking.

Question 4.
To write an essay, you
Answer:
To write an essay, you brainstorm ideas, create a web, arrange the > ideas logically and construct meaningful sentences.

Question 5.
How can you remember for longer duration
Answer:
We can remember for longer duration by adopting more than one style of learning.

Question 6.
What does Dr Mansuri ask Bharat to stop ? Why ?
Answer:
Dr Mansuri asks Bharat to stop taking brain tonics because they do not work.

(9 ) A lady : Hello Dr Mrs Shelat. I am Mrs ! Viraj Trivedi and my son Shalin is in std. 9. He spends too much time in playing games l and watching TV. And because of that his study suffers. What would you advise him at this s juncture Dr Mrs Shelat: Is your son present here (Mrs Trivedi points to her son sitting next to her.) I Well, it is quite normal at this age for students l to get tempted to play and watch TV.

However, there should be a time limit for the same. What I personally feel is, total avoidance of games and TV is not the solution. In fact that is cruel and unnatural. Rather, parents should make sure that there is a balance between study and play hours. Games, music and entertainment are quite essential for physical and mental health. They help reduce stress.

Question 1.
What is Mrs Trivedi’s problem?
Answer:
Mrs Trivedi’s problem is that her son spends too much time in playing games and watching TV which affects his studies.

Question 2.
According to Dr Mrs Shelat, it is quite normal
Answer:
According to Dr Mrs Shelat, it is quite normal at this age for students to get tempted to play and watch TV.

Question 3.
According to Dr Mrs Shelat, what cannot be a solution ?
Answer:
According to Dr Mrs Shelat, total avoidance of games and TV cannot be a solution.

Question 4.
Toted avoidance of games and TV is
Answer:
Total avoidance of games and TV is cruel and unnatural.

Question 5.
What should parents do ?
Answer:
Parents should make sure that there is a balance between study and play hours.

Question 6.
Why are games, music and entertainment essential ?
Answer:
Games, music and entertainment are essential because they help to reduce stress and are good for physical and mental health.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

(10) A lady: Hello everyone, I am Mrs Suhani Mehta. I am not sure whom to ask this question. I am facing a different problem. My daughter seems to be enjoying her studies but hardly shares anything on what happens at school and her studies. As parents, we try to ask her so many times, but she avoids discussing the school at home.
Anuj : I think, we should consult Dr Mackey as he must have faced, similar questions from British parents back home.
Dr Mackey :Thank you, Anuj. I hope I am audible over there. And yes, I like this question. If sharing is missing, both children and parents are responsible. Sharing is the glue that binds a family together. Generally, adolescents at this age find it uncomfortable to share all details related to their lives. As parents, we must consider this and decide our response to their sharing. Our negative response and preaching discourage children. However, children must read the intention of parents. Not sharing s anything may lead to serious problems.

Question 1.
What is Mrs Mehta’s problem ?
Answer:
Mrs Mehta’s problem is that her daughter does not share anything about her school and studies.

Question 2.
Who is responsible if sharing is missing ?
Answer:
If sharing is missing, both children and parents are responsible.

Question 3.
What proves to be an obstacle in sharing ?
Answer:
When children are not able to understand the intention of parents, it proves to be an obstacle in sharing.

Question 4.
What doesn’t help children in sharing ?
Answer:
Negative response and preaching of parents doesn’t help children in sharing.

Question 5.
What binds a family together, according to Prof. Mackey?
Answer:
According to Prof. Mackay, sharing between parents and children binds a family together.

Question 6.
Teenagers find it uncomfortable to
Answer:
Teenagers find it uncomfortable to share all details related to their lives.

(11) Student 1 : Sir, maybe I am feeling hungry right now because my parents don’t allow me to eat what I enjoy.
Anuj : I think this question is obviously for the dietician. Dear, can you tell us what you enjoy eating most ? And tell your name also.
Student 1 : My name is Priyanshi. And, oh … Madame, I love pizza with double cheese. Die for dabeli with butter or cheese. Dream for burger. My favourite pastime is crunchy wafers with cold drinks. But …. my Mom serves me hospital khana. Is there any relation between studies and the food I eat ? I really wonder.

Question 1.
What is the Priyanshi’s complaint ?
Answer:
Priyanshi’s complaint is that her parents do not allow her to eat what she enjoys.

Question 2.
What does Priyanshi love to eat?
Answer:
Priyanshi loves to eat pizza with double cheese.

Question 3.
According to Priyanshi, her Mom serves her
Answer:
According to Priyanshi, he Mom serves her hospital khana.

Question 4.
What does Priyanshi want to know?
Answer:
Priyanshi wants to know if there any relation between studies and the food she eats.

(12) Dr Shroff: Priyanshi, you look real foody I like your spontaneity. Dear, yes, there is a direct relation between the food you eat and inactivities of your brain via metabolism. Heavy food directs the blood flow to the digestive system, resulting into slowing down of the brain activity. You must have felt sleepy, lazy and drowsy after eating heavy meals.

Doesn’t this affect your studies ? Ultimately, you require an active brain for studies. Rather than going for fatty foods, prefer to take light and easy to digest food with enough of soup, juice, daal, milk, chhash/lassi, etc. Eat raw vegetables and fruits a lot. Do not overeat. It’s not good for health in the long run. Remember, the student who eats light, becomes bright.

Question 1.
What does Dr Shroff like about Priyanshi ?
Answer:
Dr Shroff likes Priyanshi’s spontaneity.

Question 2.
There is a direct relation between
Answer:
There is a direct relation between the food you eat and activities of your of your brain via metabolism.

Question 3.
What does heavy food do ?
Answer:
Heavy food directs the blood flow to the digestive system, resulting into slowing down of the brain activity.

Question 4.
How does heavy meal affects studies ?
Answer:
Heavy meal makes one sleepy, lazy and drowsy and this affects studies.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

Question 5.
What kind of food should students eat ?
Answer:
Students should eat light and easy to digest food with enough of soup, juice, daal, milk, chhash/lassi and raw vegetables and fruits.

Question 6.
What does Dr Shroff say about overeating ?
Answer:
Dr Shroff says that overeating is not good for health in the long run.

Question 7.
What slows down the brain activities?
Answer:
Eating heavy food slows down the brain activities.

(13) Student 2: Hello Dr Mansuri, sir, I am Kandarp. I read somewhere “Tune up yourself for the board exam”. Could you explain what it means ?

Dr Mansuri: Dear, you seem to be in 10th or 12th. Tune up refers to preparing your mind and body for a particular task. When it comes to tune up for examination, you need to know how your body and mind work in harmony.

You should identify your strengths and weaknesses in the first place. Observe yourself for a week or two. Always remember that your strengths are your assets. Do not think much about your weaknesses. It is your strengths that will help you cope the exams.

Question 1.
What is Kandarp asking about ?
Answer:
Kandarp is asking about the meaning of ‘tune up yourself for the board exam’.

Question 2.
What does ‘tune up’ refer to ?
Answer:
‘Tune up’ refers to preparing your mind and body for a particular task.

Question 3.
To tune up for examination
Answer:
o tune up for examination, you need to know how your body and mind work in harmony.

Question 4.
What does Dr Masuri ask Kandarp to identify ?
Answer:
Dr Mansuri asks Kandarp to observe himself for a week or two and identify his strengths and weaknesses.

Question 5.
What does Dr Mansuri say about strengths and weaknesses ?
Answer:
Dr Mansuri says that strengths are the assets, which will help to cope the exams and not to think much about weaknesses.

(14) Secondly, your body and mind are tuned up to the school timetable before you receive the board exam schedule. Once you receive the board exam schedule, prepare a new timetable based on your energy level. Identify the best time when your energy level is high. Try to match it with the time slot of examination. It is important to relax to tune up your body and mind.

You may follow simple relaxation techniques like pranayam, yogasan, stretching, listening to light melodious music, taking a walk of about 10-15 minutes at a suitable time or having a cup of green tea. You can even spare some time for talking to your friends or parents. Maintain a cheerful mood and don’t work in frenzy. Wish you all the best!

Question 1.
Before you receive the board exam schedule
Answer:
Before you receive the board exam schedule, your body and mind are tuned up to the school timetable.

Question 2.
What should a student do on receiving the board exam schedule ?
Answer:
On receiving the board exam schedule, a student should prepare a new timetable based on his/her energy level and identify the best time when the energy level is high.

Question 3.
What is important to tune up your body and mind?
Answer:
Relaxation is important to tune up your body and mind.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

Question 4.
Which are the different relaxation techniques ?
Answer:
The different relaxation techniques are pranayam, yogasan, stretching, listening to light melodious music, taking a walk, having a cup of green tea and talking to friends or parents.

2. Frame sentences using the given set of words. You may change the forms of the words.

(1) welcome – on behalf of
The principal welcomed the chief guest on behalf of the teachers and the students.

(2) query – eminent
Eminent educationists will solve the queries of parents at the seminar.

(3) expectation – stress
Kiran is stressed because of the high expectations of his parents.

(4) concern – performance
Devang’s father was concerned about his poor performance in sports.

(5) interact – avoid
Hetal is so shy that she avoids interacting with her friends in school.

(6) in spite of – improve
In spite of the warning given by the teachers, there is no improvement in Nitish’s behaviour.

(7) uncomfortable – responsible
Umang was given the responsibility to make sure that none of the guests are uncomfortable.

(8) intention – harmony
The only intention of the saint was to create a harmony between the people of different religions.

3. Fill in the blanks selecting the correct words from the brackets.

(1) (audible, energy, advised, suffering)
Grandfather was suffering from fever. He had become so weak that his voice was hardly audible. The doctor has prescribed some medicines and advised him to take rest and eat plenty of fruits to regain his energy.

(2) (seminar, panel, queries, prominent)
A seminar was held for the parents and students. All the queries were solved by a panel of prominent educationists.

(3) (arranged, improve, demand, discuss)
The workers demand a rise a salary. They also want the management to improve their working conditions. The management has arranged a meeting ? with them to discuss all the issues.

(4) (apathy, expectations, observed, stress)
It is observed that unanswered questions of students and expectations of parents lead to stress and create an apathy for studies.

(5) (performance, discourage, concerned, negative)
The coach was concerned about the poor performance of the team. Any negative comment could discourage the players.

(6) (mental, level, pleasure, considered)
What a pleasure it is to walk in the garden on a winter morning! It is good : for our physical and mental health, Walking is therefore considered the best exercise. It increases our energy level.

(7) (solutions, psychologist, introduced, interacted)
The principal introduced the chief guest.
He is a well-known psychologist. He interacted with the students and offered ; solutions to their problems.

(8) (essential, physical, avoidance, maintain)
Avoidance of exercise is not good for our physical health. It is essential to maintain a regular timetable for exercise.

(9) (cope, in spite of, regularly, approached)
As the day of the exam approached, Mita became nervous. In spite of studying regularly and sincerely, she could not cope with the tension.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

(10) (impossible, strength, requires, experience)
Raj spoke about his experience of mountain-climbing. It requires a lot of physical and mental strength. But ( once you reach the top, nothing seems impossible.

(11) (expressed, concluded, applause, gratitude)
Mohan stood up and expressed his deep gratitude to his teachers. When he concluded his speech, there was a big applause in the hall.

(12) (gained, relax, techniques, prefer)
There are many techniques to relax the mind and the body. Meditation is one of them. I have gained a lot through meditation. I prefer to meditate in the morning.

(13) (response, convenient, suitable, uncomfortable)
“What time is suitable to you?” the shopkeeper asked Ram. Ram stood there silently. There was no response for a long time. He looked a bit uncomfortable. The shopkeeper understood his problem and said, “You can come whenever it is convenient to you.”

(14) (consulted, advisor, valuable, personally)
Mr Verma is an academic advisor in our school. I know him personally. I have often consulted him on many issues and got his valuable advice.

(15) (distance, communication, globalized, fact)
It is a fact that in today’s globalized world, distance is hardly a barrier in communication.

(16) (boredom, fortunate, negative,entertainment)
Today the children are fortunate to have many forms of entertainment to get rid of their boredom. But at the same time, things like mobiles and video games have a negative impact on them.

(17) (adopt, weakness, identify, style)
The counsellor asked us to identify our strength and weakness and then prepare our study timetable. She also advised us to adopt only that style of learning that was best suited to us and not imitate others.

(18) (created, intention, responsible, clarified)
Sheetal has clarified that she had no intention of hurting her friend’s feelings. She admitted that she was responsible for the problem that was created because of her harsh words.

4. Write short notes using the given questions/ points.

Question  1.
Dr Mansuri’s views on improving
( retention a problem with most students-no fixed method of improving retention – identify the way in which you learn – different learning styles – adopt more than one learning styles-no brain tonics) :
Answer:
How to improve retention is a problem faced by most students. According to Dr Mansuri, there is no fixed method of improving retention. But a student t must identify the way in which he / she learns. There are different learning ( styles – listening, writing, drawing s flowcharts and diagrams, discussion, reflective thinking, etc.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

A student needs ] to identify which style suit him / her the best for different subjects. Adopting  more than one style of learning helps to remember for longer duration. That will help in improving retention. Brain tonics do not work.

Question  2.
Dr Mrs Shelat’s views on games and entertainment
(What does too much of TV and games do ? – What are students tempted to ; do ? — Is total avoidance of TV and games a i solution ? – What should parents do ? – Why are games and entertainment essential ?)
Answer:
Parents often complain that children spend too much time in playing games and watching TV. And because of that their study suffers. According to Dr Mrs Shelat, it is quite normal for teenagers to get tempted to play and watch TV. But she feels that there should be a time limit for the same. Total avoidance of games and TV is not the solution.

But it is cruel and unnatural. Parents should make sure that there is a balance between study and play hours. Games, music and entertainment are quite essential for physical and mental health. They help reduce stress.

Question  3.
Dr Mackey’s views on sharing
(What was Mrs Mehta’s problem ?-What does Prof. Mackey say about sharing ? – How should parents respond ? – What should children also understand ?)
Answer:
Mrs Suhani Mehta’s daughter enjoys her studies but she does not share anything about school and studies with her parents. According to Dr Mackey, if sharing is missing, both children and parents are responsible. Sharing is the glue that binds family together.

Parents must understand that teenagers find it uncomfortable to share all details related to their lives. So parents must consider this and decide their response to their sharing. Negative response and preaching discourage children. Children must also read the intention of parents. Not sharing anything may lead to serious problems.

Question 4.
Dr Shroff’s views of food habits and studies
(direct relation between food and activities of the brain via metabolism – heavy food directs the blood flow to the digestive system – slows down brain activities – sleepy, drowsy and lazy-affects studies – eat light and easy to digest food – soup, juice, etc.-raw fruits and vegetables – do not overeat)
Answer:
According to Dr Shroff, there is a direct relation between the food you eat and the activities of your brain via metabolism. Heavy food directs the blood flow to the digestive system, resulting in slowing down of the brain activity.

Heavy meals make you sleepy, lazy and drowsy. This affects your studies. Students should eat light and easy to digest food with enough of soup, juice, daal, milk, chhash / lassi, etc. They should eat plenty of raw vegetables and fruits. Do not overeat. It’s not good for health in the long run.

Question 5.
Dr Mansuri’s advice to Kandarp
(tune up – prepare your mind and body for a particular task-body and mind work in harmony – strengths
and weaknesses – prepare for board timetable – identify the best time when your energy level is high – match it l with the examination slot – relaxation techniques – cheerful mood)
Answer:
To tune up means to prepare your mind and body for a particular task. To tune up for examination, students should know how body and mind work in harmony. As student should identify his / her strengths and weaknesses. Strengths will help him / her cope the exams. A student’s body ? and mind are tuned up to the school ,timetable. But when he / she receives the : board exam schedule, he / she should prepare a new timetable based on his / her energy level.

He / She should ( identify the best time when his / her energy level is high. Try to match it with the time slot of examination. It is important to relax to tune up your body and mind. There are simple relaxation techniques like pranayam, yogasan, ‘ stretching, listening to music, taking a – walk, having a cup of green tea, talking to friends or parents. It is also important ‘ to maintain a cheerful mood.

5. Select the title of the Read related with each sentence.

(Note: Important sentences of this Read are given here.)
(1) Though it’s winter now, many parents and students might be perspiring with the thought of exams approaching in March.
(2) It is observed that unanswered questions of the students and expectations of the parents not only lead to stress but also create apathy and boredom for studies.
(3) The purpose of this seminar is to guide parents and students and come out with s possible Dos and Don’ts during studies ? and exams.
(4) It is truly said that special activities demand special food habits.
(5) Many of you would doubt what food habits has to do with the study habits and performance in the exams.
(6) I read almost six hours a day. In spite of this, I hardly remember anything at the end of the day.
(7) There is no fixed method of improving retention.
(8) There are different learning styles.
(9) Adopting more than one style of learning that helps to remember for longer duration.
(10) He spends too much time in playing games and watching TV.
(11) Total avoidance of games and TV is not the solution.
(12) In fact that is cruel and unnatural.
(13) Parents should make sure that there is a balance between study and play hours.
(14) Games, music and entertainment are quite essential for physical and mental health.
(15) My daughter seems to be enjoying her studies but hardly shares anything on what happens at school and her studies.
(16) If sharing is missing, both children and parents are responsible.
(17) Sharing is the glue that binds a family together.
(18) Our negative response and preaching discourage children.
(19) Children must read the intention of parents.
(20) Is there any relation between studies and the food I eat ?
(21) Heavy food directs the blood flow to the digestive system, resulting in slowing down of the brain activity.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

(22) Rather than going for fatty foods, prefer to take light and easy to digest food.
(23) Eat raw vegetables and fruits a lot.
(24) The student who eats light, becomes bright.
(25) Tune up refers to preparing your mind and body for a particular task.
(26) You should identify your strengths and weaknesses in the first place.
(27) It is your strengths that will help you cope the exams.
(28) Once you receive the board exam schedule, prepare a new timetable based on your energy level.
(29) Identify the best time when your energy level is high.
(30) It is important to relax to tune up your body and mind.
(31) Maintain a cheerful mood and don’t work in frenzy.

6. Fill in the blanks selecting the correct words from the brackets.

(continuous, pollution, pollute, strongly, of)
Planting of trees is one of the methods of reducing pollution. According to a study, trees strongly reduce the sound levels, particularly the continuous sound of vehicles. Vehicles not only pollute the air, but also create noise pollution.

7. Complete the sentences using the functions given in the brackets.

(1) How long is the journey to Rajpipla ? (inquiry as nature)
(2) The lady who is speaking is our principal, (describing person)
(3) Heat the milk on a low flame and let it boil for five minutes. (describing,process)
(4) What is the price of those sports shoes (inquiry as nature)
(5) Do you really study for six hours a day? (inquiry as nature)
(6) “How much is the fare for Vadodara ?” the passenger asked, (inquiry as nature)
(7) I did not enter the shop as it was too crowded, (describing place)
(8) When did Minal come home ? (inquiry as nature)

8. Complete the dialogue using the functions given in the brackets.

Shopkeeper: Welcome, sir. Good morning.
May I help you? (exchanging pleasantries)
Customer :Yes. I would like to buy some story books.
Shopkeeper : For which age group, sir ? (inquiry as nature)
Customer: For an eight-year old child.

Tune up O Teens Summary in Gujarati

સૂત્રધાર : નમસ્કાર! આનંદ વિહાર સ્કૂલ વતી હું, અનુજ ભટ્ટ, વ્યવસાય અને માર્ગદર્શન કેન્દ્રનો સહનિર્દેશક, આ પરિસંવાદ ‘તમારી શ્રેષ્ઠતાને ઉજાગર કરો”માં આપ સૌનું સ્વાગત કરું છું (અને) અહીં વિદ્યાર્થીઓ અને પાલકોને માર્ગદર્શન આપવામાં આવશે. અમને આનંદ છે કે પૅનલ પર છે, ડૉ. નાસિર મનસુરી (ક્લિનિકલ સાઇકોલૉજિસ્ટ – માનસશાસ્ત્રી), ડૉ. શ્રીમતી શેલત (ગુજરાતના જાણીતા શિક્ષણશાસ્ત્રી), ડૉ.

મંજુ શ્રોફ (જાણીતા આહારશાસ્ત્રી) અને પ્રોફેસર રે મૅકિ, જે યુનિવર્સિટિ ઑવ એડિનબર્ગથી ઑનલાઇન છે; જે અભ્યાસ કરવાની ટેવો અને પરીક્ષાની તૈયારી માટેના તમારા પ્રશ્નોના ઉત્તર આપશે અને શંકાઓનું સમાધાન કરશે. શાળાના આચાર્ય શ્રી સુધીર શાહને | વિનંતી કરું છું કે તેઓ મહેમાનોનો પરિચય આપી, તેમનું સ્વાગત

કરે. શ્રી શાહ: મંચ પર બિરાજમાન માનનીય મહેમાનો, પાલકો અને વિદ્યાર્થીઓ. અહીં ઉપસ્થિત સૌને નમસ્કાર. અત્યારે શિયાળો હોવા છતાં, માર્ચમાં આવી રહેલી પરીક્ષાના વિચાર માત્રથી કેટલાક પાલકોને અને વિદ્યાર્થીઓને પરસેવો છૂટતો હશે. એવું જોવામાં આવ્યું છે કે વિદ્યાર્થીઓના વણ-ઊકલ્યા પ્રશ્નો અને પાલકોની અપેક્ષાઓ માત્ર માનસિક તાણ જ નહિ, પણ અભ્યાસ પ્રત્યે ઉદાસીનતા અને કંટાળો પેદા કરે છે.

આ પરિસંવાદનો મુખ્ય હેતુ પાલકો અને વિદ્યાર્થીઓને માર્ગદર્શન પૂરું પાડી, અભ્યાસ અને પરીક્ષા દરમિયાન શું કરવું અને શું ન કરવું તેની ચર્ચા કરવાનો છે. વડોદરાના ક્લિનિકલ સાઈકૉલૉજિસ્ટ ડૉ. નાસિર મનસુરીનું સ્વાગત કરતાં આનંદ થાય છે. ડૉ. મનસુરી છેલ્લાં 13 વર્ષોથી લોટસ ગ્રુપ ઑવ સ્કૂલ્સ સાથે સંકળાયેલા છે, અને દર વર્ષે સેંકડો વિદ્યાર્થીઓ અને પાલકોને મદદ કરે છે.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

વડોદરાના ક્લિનિકલ સાઈકૉલૉજિસ્ટ ડૉ. નાસિર મનસુરીનું સ્વાગત કરતાં આનંદ થાય છે. ડૉ. મનસુરી છેલ્લાં 13 વર્ષોથી લોટસ ગ્રુપ ઑવ સ્કૂલ્સ સાથે સંકળાયેલા છે, અને દર વર્ષે સેંકડો વિદ્યાર્થીઓ અને પાલકોને મદદ કરે છે. ડૉ. શ્રીમતી શેલત એક જાણીતા શિક્ષણશાસ્ત્રી, લેખક, શિક્ષિકા અને કેળવણીકાર છે.

અને આપણે ખરેખર નસીબદાર છીએ કે તેઓ આપણી શાળાના એક શૈક્ષણિક સલાહકાર પણ છે.વિશિષ્ટ પ્રવૃત્તિઓ માટે વિશિષ્ટ ખોરાક લેવાની આવશ્યકતા છે તે સાચી વાત છે. આજકાલ આપણો ખોરાક એક ચિંતાનો વિષય છે. તમારામાંથી ઘણાને એવી શંકા થતી હશે કે ખોરાકને અભ્યાસની ટેવો અને પરીક્ષામાં (તમારા) પ્રદર્શનને શું લાગેવળગે? જાણીતા

આહારશાસ્ત્રી ડૉ. મંજુ શ્રોફ સાથેના સંવાદ બાદ તમને કેટલાંક રસપ્રદ તથ્યો જાણવા મળશે. આજની વૈશ્વિક દુનિયામાં, સંપર્કમાં દૂર– ભાગ્યે જ અડચણરૂપ હોય છે. યુનિવર્સિટિ ઑવ એડિનબર્ગથી ઑનલાઇન છે પ્રોફેસર રે મૅકિ, જેઓ વિદ્યાર્થીઓ અને પાલકો સાથે કામ કરવાનો તેમનો આંતરરાષ્ટ્રિય અનુભવનો લાભ આપશે.

હું તમારા સૌનું સ્વાગત કરું છું અને વધારે વિલંબ કર્યા વિના હવે હું વિદ્યાર્થીઓ અને પાલકોને તેમના પ્રશ્નો પૂછવા આમંત્રણ આપું છું. એક વિદ્યાર્થી નમસ્તે, સર! હું શ્રેણી ૪નો વિદ્યાર્થી ભરત છું. મારો પ્રશ્ન ડૉ. મનસુરી માટે છે … હું રોજ લગભગ છ કલાક વાંચું છું. તેમ છતાં, દિવસના અંતે મને ભાગ્યે જ કંઈ યાદ રહે છે. મારી મમી પણ મને નિયમિત બ્રેન ટૉનિક આપે છે પણ

હું મારી યાદશક્તિ કેવી રીતે સુધારી શકું? ડૉ. મનસુરી : ભરત, તેં આ પ્રશ્ન પૂછ્યો છે, પણ આ સમસ્યાનો સામનો કરનાર તું એકમાત્ર (વિદ્યાર્થી) નથી. મને ખાતરી છે કે અહીં એવા ઘણાં વિદ્યાર્થીઓ) હશે, જેમને આ જ પ્રશ્ન થતો હશે. મને કહો, તમારામાંથી કેટલાને આ પ્રશ્ન થાય છે? (વણા હાથ ઊંચા થાય છે) સારું. તમે એક ચીની કહેવત સાંભળી છે – “હું સાંભળું અને હું ભૂલી જાઉં, હું જોઉં અને હું યાદ રાખું, અને હું કરું અને હું સમજું?’

ભરતઃ મને એ સમજાયું નહીં. મને ફક્ત એટલું કહો કે હું ભૂલી ન જાઉં, તે માટે મારે શું કરવું જોઈએ? ડૉ. મનસુરીઃ જો યાદશક્તિ સુધારવા માટેની કોઈ ચોક્કસ પદ્ધતિ નથી. તોપણ, તમે કઈ રીતે અભ્યાસ કરો છો, તે તમારે જાણવું જોઈએ. મને સ્પષ્ટતા કરવા દો. અભ્યાસ – શીખવાની જુદી જુદી રીત છે. તમે શ્રવણ, લેખન, ફ્લોચાર્ટ અને આકૃતિઓ દોરીને, ચર્ચા દ્વારા, ચિંતન દ્વારા, વગેરે પદ્ધતિઓથી શીખો છો. જુદા

જુદા વિષયો માટે આમાંથી કઈ પદ્ધતિ તમને અનુકૂળ છે, તે તમારે જાણવું જોઈએ. ઉદાહરણ તરીકે, એક નિબંધ લખવા માટે તમે શક્ય તેટલા વિચારોનું મોટું જાળું રચો છો, અને પછી વિચારોને તર્કબદ્ધ રીતે ગોઠવીને અર્થપૂર્ણ વાક્યોની રચના કરો છો. આમ કરીને તમે શીખવાની એકથી વધુ પદ્ધતિ અપનાવો છો જેથી તમને લાંબા સમય સુધી બધું યાદ રાખવામાં મદદરૂપ થાય છે. તે તમારી યાદશક્તિ સુધારવામાં મદદરૂપ થશે. અને

ભરત, હવે બ્રેન ટૉનિક લેવાનું બંધ કર. આમેય તે બહુ કામ કરતાં નથી. ભરતઃ વાહ! ખૂબ સરસ વાત છે. મને આની તો કંઈ ખબર જ ન હતી. આભાર, સર. એક મહિલા: નમસ્તે, ડૉ. શ્રીમતી શેલત. હું શ્રીમતી વિરાજ – ત્રિવેદી અને મારો દીકરો શાલીન 9માં ધોરણમાં છે. તે રમતોમાં અને TV જોવામાં ખૂબ સમય વિતાવે છે, અને તેથી, તેનો અભ્યાસ બગડે છે. આ તબક્કે, આપ તેને શું સલાહ આપશો. ડૉ. શ્રીમતી શેલતઃ શું તમારો દીકરો અહીં હાજર છે? (શ્રીમતી

ત્રિવેદી તેમની બાજુમાં બેઠેલા તેમના દીકરા તરફ સંકેત કરે છે.) આ ઉંમરના વિદ્યાર્થીઓ માટે રમવાનું અને TV જોવાનું પ્રલોભન સાવ સ્વાભાવિક છે. અલબત્ત, આને માટે સમયમર્યાદા હોવી જોઈએ. વ્યક્તિગત રીતે મને એવું લાગે છે કે, રમતો અને TV સાવ બંધ કરી દેવાં, તે (આ પ્રશ્નનો) ઉકેલ નથી.

ખરેખર તો તે નિર્દય અને અસ્વાભાવિક (બાબત) છે. એ કરતાં પાલકોએ અભ્યાસ અને રમતના કલાકો વચ્ચે સંતુલન જળવાય તે નિશ્ચિત કરવું જોઈએ. રમત, સંગીત અને મનોરંજન શારીરિક અને માનસિક સ્વાથ્ય માટે ખૂબ જરૂરી છે. તે તાણ ઘટાડવામાં મદદરૂપ થાય છે.

એક મહિલા નમસ્તે. હું શ્રીમતી સુહાની મહેતા. આ પ્રશ્ન કોને પૂછવો તે હું નક્કી કરી શકતી નથી. હું એક જુદી જ જાતની સમસ્યાનો સામનો કરી રહી છું. મારી દીકરીને ભણવામાં મજા પડતી હોય તેમ લાગે છે, પણ તે શાળામાં શું ચાલે છે અને અભ્યાસ વિશે ભાગ્યે જ કંઈ વાત કરે છે. પાલકો તરીકે અમે કેટલીયે વાર તેને પૂછવાનો પ્રયત્ન કરીએ છીએ, પણ તે શાળા વિશે ઘરે ચર્ચા કરવાનું ટાળે છે.

અનુજ : મને લાગે છે કે આપણે પ્રોફેસર મૅકિની સલાહ લેવી જોઈએ કારણ કે એમણે ત્યાં બ્રિટિશ પાલકો તરફથી આવા જ પ્રશ્નોનો સામનો કર્યો હશે. પ્રોફેસર મૅકિઃ આભાર, અનુજ. મને આશા છે કે ત્યાં સૌ મને સાંભળી શકે છે. અને હા, મને આ પ્રશ્ન ગમ્યો. જો બાળકો અને પાલકો વચ્ચે વિચાર વિનિમય ન થતો હોય, તો તે માટે બંને જવાબદાર છે. વિચારોનું આદાનપ્રદાન (અને વાતચીત) એ એક કુટુંબને એકસાથે જોડી રાખે છે. સામાન્ય રીતે, આ ઉંમરના યુવાનોને તેમના જીવન વિશેની બધી જ

માહિતી વિશે વાત કરતાં સંકોચ થાય છે. પાલકો તરીકે આપણે આ વાત ધ્યાનમાં રાખીને, તેમની વાતો પર કેવો પ્રતિભાવ આપવો તે નક્કી કરવું જોઈએ. આપણો નકારાત્મક પ્રતિભાવ અને ઉપદેશ બાળકોને નિરુત્સાહી કરે છે. પણ, બાળકોએ પણ પાલકોનો ઉદ્દેશ સમજવો જોઈએ. કશી જ વાત ન કરવાથી ઘણા ગંભીર પ્રશ્નો ઊભા થાય છે.

અનુજ : આભાર, પ્રોફેસર મૅકિ, તમારો કીમતી સમય આપવા) માટે. પ્રોફેસર મૅકિ: વિદ્યાર્થીઓ અને પાલકો સાથે વાતચીતમાં હંમેશાં આનંદ આવે છે, અનુજ. બધા જ વિદ્યાર્થીઓને મારી શુભેચ્છાઓ. ઉજ્વળ ભવિષ્યની કામના સાથે … અનુજઃ હવે પછીનો પ્રશ્ન વિદ્યાર્થીઓમાંથી.

વિદ્યાર્થી 1: સર, કદાચ અત્યારે મને ખૂબ ભૂખ લાગી છે, કારણ કે મારા પાલકો મને મનગમતું ખાવા દેતા નથી. અનુજ : મને લાગે છે કે આ પ્રશ્ન સ્વાભાવિક રીતે જ આહારશાસ્ત્રી માટે છે. પ્રિય મિત્ર, તું કહીશ કે તને સૌથી વધારે શું ભાવે છે? અને તારું નામ પણ કહે.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

વિદ્યાર્થી 1: મારું નામ પ્રિયાંશી છે. અને હા, મૅડમ, મને ડબલ ચીઝ સાથે પિન્ઝા ખૂબ ભાવે છે. માખણ અથવા ચીઝની દાબેલી માટે તો હું જીવ આપી શકું છું. હું બર્ગરનાં સ્વપ્ન જોઉં છું. કોલ્ડ ડ્રિક સાથે વેફર ખાવાનો મારો શોખ છે. પણ … મારી મમી મને દવાખાના જેવું ભોજન પીરસે છે. શું મારા અભ્યાસને મારા ખોરાક સાથે કોઈ સંબંધ છે? મને સમજાતું નથી.

ડૉ. શ્રોફ : પ્રિયાંશી, તું ખરેખર ખાવાની શોખીન લાગે છે … મને તારી સ્વયંસ્કૃતિ ગમી. પ્રિય મિત્ર, હા, તમારા ખોરાક અને તમારા મગજની પ્રવૃત્તિઓને ચયાપચયની ક્રિયા મારફત સીધો સંબંધ છે. ભારે ખોરાક લોહીના પ્રવાહને પાચનતંત્ર તરફ દોરે છે, પરિણામે તમારા મગજની પ્રવૃત્તિ ધીમી પાડે છે. ભારે ખોરાક ખાધા પછી તમને ઊંઘ, આળસ અને ઘેન ચડ્યું હોય તેવું ઘણી વાર લાગ્યું હશે.

આથી તમારા અભ્યાસ પર અસર નથી થતી? અંતે તો તમારા અભ્યાસમાં તમને સક્રિય મગજની જરૂર પડે. ચરબીયુક્ત ખોરાકને બદલે પૂરતા પ્રમાણમાં સુપ, રસ, દાળ, દૂધ, છાશ | લસ્સી જેવો હળવો અને સુપાચ્ય ખોરાક લેવાનું પસંદ કરો. કાચાં શાકભાજી અને ફળો ખૂબ ખાઓ. (પણ) વધારે પડતું ન ખાવું. લાંબે ગાળે એ સ્વાથ્ય માટે સારું નથી. યાદ રાખો, જે વિદ્યાર્થી હળવો ખોરાક ખાય છે, તે તેજસ્વી બને છે.

વિદ્યાર્થી 2: નમસ્તે, ડૉ. મનસુરી સર. હું કંદર્પ. મેં ક્યાંક વાંચેલું “Tune up yourself for the board exam – બૉર્ડની પરીક્ષા માટે તમારી જાતને અનુકૂળ કરો.” તેનો અર્થ સમજાવશો? ડૉ. મનસુરી: પ્રિય મિત્ર, મને લાગે છે કે તું 10માં અથવા 12માં ધોરણમાં છે. Tune up એટલે કોઈ ચોક્કસ કાર્ય માટે તમારા મનને અને શરીરને તૈયાર કરવું. પરીક્ષા માટે tune up કરવા

માટે તમારે એ જાણવું જરૂરી છે કે તમારું શરીર અને મન એકવાક્ય બનીને કઈ રીતે કામ કરે છે. પહેલાં તો તમારે તમારી શક્તિ અને નબળાઈ શોધી કાઢવી જોઈએ. એક કે બે અઠવાડિયાં સુધી તમારી જાતનું નિરીક્ષણ કરો. હંમેશાં યાદ રાખો કે તમારી શક્તિ એ તમારી સંપત્તિ છે. તમારી નબળાઈઓ વિશે બહુ વિચારો નહીં. પરીક્ષાનો સામનો કરવામાં તમારી શક્તિ (જ) તમને મદદ કરશે. બીજું,

બૉર્ડની પરીક્ષાનું સમયપત્રક તમને મળે, તે પહેલાં તમારું શરીર અને (તમારું) મન શાળાના સમયપત્રક સાથે સંકલિત (tune up) થયેલાં હોય છે. બૉર્ડની પરીક્ષાનું સમયપત્રક આવતાંની સાથે જ, તમારી કાર્યશક્તિના આધારે એક નવું સમયપત્રક બનાવો. તમારી કાર્યશક્તિ સૌથી વધારે હોય તેવો એક શ્રેષ્ઠ સમય નક્કી કરો. પરીક્ષાના સમય સાથે તેને

મેળવવાનો પ્રયત્ન કરો. તમારા શરીર અને મનને tune up કરવા માટે આરામ પણ મહત્ત્વનો છે. પ્રાણાયામ, યોગાસન, સ્ટ્રેચિંગ (સ્નાયુઓ માટેની હળવી કસરત), હળવું સુમધુર સંગીત સાંભળવું, યોગ્ય સમયે લગભગ 10-15 મિનિટ ચાલવા જવું અથવા તો એક કપ ગ્રીન ટી (ચા) પીવી, વગેરે જેવી આરામ કરવા માટેની સરળ રીતો અપનાવી શકો. તમારા મિત્રો અથવા પાલકો સાથે વાતો કરવા માટે પણ થોડો સમય ફાળવી શકો. હંમેશાં પ્રસન્ન રહો અને બેબાકળા થઈને કામ કરો નહીં. ખૂબ ખૂબ શુભેચ્છા !

અનુજ મિત્રો, તમને કાર્યક્રમમાં મજા પડી? (શ્રોતાગણની જોરદાર તાળીઓ). આ જ (તાળીઓ) બધું કહી જાય છે. મને લાગે છે આપણા કાર્યક્રમની પૂર્ણાહુતિનો સમય આવી ગયો છે. શબ્દોમાં આભાર માનવો અશક્ય છે. તેમ છતાં, મહેમાનોએ પોતાના કીમતી સમયમાંથી અનુકૂળ સમય ફાળવ્યો તે માટે હું તેમનો હૃદયપૂર્વક આભાર માનું છું. મને ખાતરી છે કે ફક્ત વિદ્યાર્થીઓને જ નહીં, પણ પાલકોને પણ ખૂબ ફાયદો થયો છે. મને આશા છે નિષ્ણાતોએ આપેલાં સૂચનો આપણે સૌ યાદ રાખીશું અને શક્ય તેટલા પ્રમાણમાં તેનું આચરણ કરીશું. સૌને શુભેચ્છાઓ.

Word Meanings

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens! 2
GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens! 3

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens! 4
GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens! 5
GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens! 6
GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens! 7
GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens! 8
GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens! 9

Idioms And Phrases

(1) to tune up
Are you all tuned up for the annual function ?

(2) on behalf of
The principal welcomed the chief guest on behalf of the school.

(3) to lead to
Unnecessary questions from parents lead to frustration among teenagers.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

(4) to be associated with
Mrs Dave has been associated with this institution since 2010.

(5) to bring in
Dr Parikh has joined this hospital. He will bring in his long experience as a physician.

(6) in spite of
In spite of getting up early, I missed the school bus.

(7) to get tempted to
The little boy got tempted to play in the rain.

(8) to make sure
Please make sure that you have packed all your woollen clothes as it will be very cold in Shimla.

(9) related to
The teacher asked us to ask questions related to her subject only.

(10) to result into
The argument between the two boys finally resulted into a big fight.

(11) slowing down
Eating heavy lunch will slow down your activities.

(12) in the long run
Yoga shows its benefits in the long run.

(13) based on
The Hindi film Dangal is based on a true story.

GSEB Solutions Class 10 English Chapter 9 Tune up O Teens!

I feel… (Classroom / Individual Activity)

(1) As a student, how do you feel when your exam overcoming the problems ?
(2) Do you always discuss your problems in studies with your parents ? Do they help you in
(3) What do your parents expect from you ? How will you try to fulfill their expectations ?
(4) How do you feel whenever your teachers motivate you in the class ?
(5) Which suggestions of the counsellors did you like ? Underline them.
(6) Have you ever felt depressed during the exams ? Who has supported you in such situations ? How?

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