This GSEB Class 6 Social Science Notes Chapter 4 Beginning of Human Life covers all the important topics and concepts as mentioned in the chapter.
Beginning of Human Life Class 6 GSEB Notes
→ The evidences of prehistoric life of man tell us about the changes which have come in his life over the years.
→ We get information about the early life of mankind from tools and weapons of that time. We can divide early human life in three stages as under:
- Old Stone Age (Hunters and Gatherers Stage)
- Middle Stone Age and
- New Stone Age (Farmers Stage).
→ Primitive man was a hunter and a gatherer of food. He hunted animals, fish and birds for his food.
→ He lived a wandering life in search of food. He settled down on the bank of river as water is essential for survival. He travelled on foot from place to place.
→ The information about the activities of primitive man is available from the tools of stone and wood, which he used.
→ The tools like spears, bows and arrows were used by him for the purpose of hunting, making huts and shelters or some other facilities.
→ Fire was used to get warmth and light, cook raw food and protect them from wild animals.
→ The invention of wheel is the most important and revolutionary invention in the history of mankind. Our life has become speedy and easy by the use of wheel.
→ After the invention of wheel the primitive man started using animals for different forms of transport.
→ The primitive man preferred to live at the same place where he felt safe and could live there for a long time to make tools, which can be called ‘the workshops, or factory sites of primitive man’.
→ Such sites or workshops are found on the banks of rivers or caves.
→ The paintings of wild animals are found on the walls of the caves in Madhya Pradesh and south of Uttar Pradesh.
→ The residences of primitive man are found in Bhimbetka caves, Vindhya mountains and the mountainous regions of South India.
→ The major changes in the climatic conditions of the earth came around about 12,000 years ago. Therefore, heat of the sun increased. As a result, the herbivorous and carnivorous animals increased in plain grasslands. Man started rearing animals. People started storing foodgrains like wheat and barley, growing naturally in the plains of India. Because of mutual co-operation they were encouraged to live a settled community life. Therefore, man became social and developed language to communicate.
→ The primitive man learnt the lesson of civilization because of socialisation. Its chronological and excellent information is available from Central and North Gujarat.
→ The human civilization, which developed around the middle of 4th century B.C. is known as ‘Harappan Civilization’.